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ABCNEWS VideoSource
Kenya AIDS - Feature on HIV/AIDS problem in Kenya ahead of G8 summit
NAME: KENYA G8 280605N TAPE: EF05/0572 IN_TIME: 10:00:09:00 DURATION: 00:02:18:22 SOURCES: APTN DATELINE: Kibera, Recent RESTRICTIONS: SHOTLIST 1. GVs of Kibera (the biggest slum in Sub Saharan Africa. Home to 1.5 Million Kenyans, with 60% of them infected with HIV. The average per capita income totals only US $ 0.2 per day) 2. Exterior of Health Centre (community based project funded by AMREF to cater for the residents of Kibera or anyone else who cannot afford medical care) 3. Sign of the Health Centre (Kibera Community Health Centre) 4. Wide Shot inside the hospital 5. Medium shot inside the hospital 6. Close up of poster inside the hospital 7. Medium shot of doctor attending to patient 8. Close up of doctor checking patients blood pressure 9. SOUNDBITE: (English) Dr. Regina Mbayaki, Health Worker "We have clinical officers who are also seeing other clients...and from this around ten are referred to the VCT Centre, because of the condition they are presenting with. And from the ten maybe for the 4 or the 3 may be found to be HIV positive." 10. Close up of medicine 11. Wide shot inside pharmacy 12. Medium shot of waiting room 13. Pan of George Olali in the slum 14. Medium shot in alley walking towards his house 15. SOUNDBITE: (English) George Olali, HIV Positive "I am HIV positive. I have been positive for the last 15 years. I used to work with Kenya Railways. My wife is positive as I am. We are living positively. Actually, currently she is sick...she has been up country. She came back on Saturday and she is suffering from Meningitis." 16. Medium shot of George with his wife Hilda in the bedroom lying on the bed 17. Close up of Hilda STORYLINE: As the G8 countries prepare to meet in Scotland next week, top of their agenda will be Africa and one of the continent's main battles- the fight against HIV/AIDS. Globally about 40 million people are living with the AIDS virus, 25.4 million of them in sub-Saharan Africa, according to U.N. figures. Kibera is one of the slums at the outskirts of the capital Nairobi where more than 600,000 people live. The average income is only 2 US cents per day, which is not enough for survival. Besides poverty and poor hygiene, widespread tuberculosis and AIDS/HIV infections constitute a particular hazard to human life. An estimated 60 per cent of the population in Kibera is infected with AIDS/HIV alone. Hardest hit is sub-Saharan Africa, where HIV/AIDS has slashed life expectancy rates, orphaned 13 million children, and now threatens to reverse decades of socio-economic progress. To make matters worse, research suggests that the AIDS pandemic is only in the early stages of its development. More than 1.5 million Kenyans have died from the disease, while an estimated 2.5 million of its 31.6 million citizens are currently HIV infected. As life expectancy has dropped by 18 years to 45, an estimated 1.2 million Kenyan children have lost at least one parent. One fifth of the estimated 2.5 million Kenyans living with HIV reside in Kibera, where at least 50,000 AIDS orphans roam the streets. Educating boys and young men about HIV and AIDS presents one of the biggest challenges across Africa, home to 70 percent of the people in the world living with HIV. About 200,000 people die of AIDS every year in Kenya . Kibera is home to 1.5 million Kenyans representing half the population of Nairobi. HIV/AIDS is rife, affecting up to 5 per cent of the population with very limited facilities for provision of healthcare. George 44, and his wife Hilda 28, are HIV positive. They have two sons but they do not know their status as they have not shown any signs of disease. George has been living with the disease for 15 years and started on the drug ARV only last year. At the moment George works as a volunteer counsellor for AMREF (African Medical and Research Foundation),counselling people living with HIV and giving advice. There are millions of people suffering like George and Hilda across Africa and decisions made at the G8 summit in Gleneagles could be their only chance of survival.