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World Kristallnacht - Germany, Israel and Pope mark 70th anniversary of Kristallnacht
NAME: WORLD KRISTAL 20081109Ixx TAPE: EF08/1131 IN_TIME: 10:40:51:09 DURATION: 00:03:48:15 SOURCES: ARD Pool/AP Television/Vatican TV DATELINE: Various - 9 Nov 2008/ File RESTRICTIONS: SHOTLIST ARD POOL Berlin, Germany 1. Interior of audience in Rykestrasse synagogue 2. German Chancellor Angela Merkel in audience 3. Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier and senior Jewish leaders, including Charlotte Knobloch, Director of the Central Council of German Jews, on far right of pew 4. Wide shot interior of service 5. SOUNDBITE (German) Angela Merkel, German Chancellor: ++Audio partly overlaid with cutaways of audience listening++ "Xenophobia, racism and anti-Semitism mustn't be given a chance in Europe and outside Europe's borders, (CUTS AWAY TO AUDIENCE, INCLUDING KNOBLOCH) not only in the Arab sphere, but also in other parts of the world. Therefore, ladies and gentlemen, let's compose and summarise the lessons we learned from history and say: We must not remain silent. (VISION SWITCHES BACK TO MERKEL) We must not remain indifferent to what happens. We must not be silent when rabbis are offended in public. We must not be silent when Jewish cemeteries are vandalised. We must not be silent when anti-Semitic crimes are committed." ARD POOL Berlin, Germany 6. Close of menorah (a nine-branched candelabrum, ancient symbol of Judaism) 7. Interior of Rykestasse synagogue during service AP TELEVISION Vatican City 8. Wide of Saint Peter's Basilica, crowd in the square outside 9. Pope Benedict XVI appearing at the window Vatican TV Vatican City 10. Waiting crowd cheering and clapping 11. SOUNDBITE (Italian) Pope Benedict XVI: "I still feel pain today for what happened in that tragic night, the memory of which should serve to remind us to avoid repeating ever again such errors and to make efforts at all levels against every kind of anti-Semitism and discrimination, educating, mainly new generations, to have respect and a reciprocal welcome." AP TELEVISION Vatican City 12. St. Peter's Square seen through columns 13. SOUNDBITE (German) Mr. Ledermann, Vox Pop, no first name given: "It has been a nice gesture to say that and I think we must not ever forget." AP TELEVISION Jerusalem 14. Wide of Yad Vashem Remembrance Hall exterior 15. Mordechai Segal, Kristallnacht survivor, kneeling by eternal flame 16. Crowd at remembrance ceremony 17. Segal moving away from flame 18. Wide of remembrance hall interior 19. Various close-ups of a black and white photo of Segal's family's store 20. SOUNDBITE: (Hebrew) Mordechai Segal, Kristallnacht Survivor: "It was on the10th of the month that a neighbour called the local Nazi party office and said 'Segal's glass wasn't broken.' They sent a special group to the store and to break whatever they could and to stole whatever they could." 21. Black and white photo of Segal as a boy with his mother 22. Close-up of black and white photo of Segal as a boy 23. SOUNDBITE: (Hebrew) Mordechai Segal, Kristallnacht Survivor: "We need a state that will absorb Jews when a day like this comes again. And there will be days like this again whether it's in Europe or America." 24. Pan of ceremony, attendees singing Israeli national anthem STORYLINE Germans and Israelis on Sunday marked the 70th anniversary of Kristallnacht, the Nazi-incited riots that began their campaign to destroy European Jewry, with ceremonies, concerts and vows to honour the victims with renewed vigilance. Chancellor Angela Merkel recalled the November 9, 1938 riots in which more than 91 German Jews were killed and more than 1,000 synagogues damaged, telling Germans that the lessons of the nation's past were crucial in confronting a current increase of xenophobia and racism. The Kristallnacht riots are seen by many as the first step leading to the Nazis' murder of six (m) million Jews in the Holocaust. "We must not be silent," Merkel told the nation at a ceremony in Germany's newly renovated largest synagogue. "Xenophobia, racism and anti-Semitism mustn't be given a chance in Europe and outside Europe's borders." Some 30-thousand Jewish men and boys were arrested and sent to concentration camps during the mass riots that left the streets littered with shards of glass - giving it the pogrom its name. Charlotte Knobloch, head of Germany's Central Council of Jews, who survived Kristallnacht as a girl in Munich, Germany, told the gathering in Berlin's Rykestrasse Synagogue that Germans must fight against far-right extremism in all its forms. The synagogue, a red brick temple built in 1904, also survived Kristallnacht because of its location nestled in an inner courtyard of a densely populated neighbourhood. It reopened last year after two years of painstaking renovation. A memorial concert in Berlin later on Sunday and events in other communities across the country were also being held to mark the anniversary. Germany's southern neighbour Austria - where Kristallnacht claimed 30 Jewish lives - also commemorated the day, while German-born Pope Benedict XVI said he still feels the pain of Kristallnacht as he addressed the crowd gathered at Saint Peter's square in Vatican City. The Catholic leader invited prayers for Kristallnacht victims and asked others to join him in a show of deep solidarity with Jews around the world. When a young man in Germany, Benedict, then called Joseph Ratzinger, served briefly in the Hitler Youth corps. At Yad Vashem, Israel's official Holocaust memorial, survivors, their descendants, academics and the German and Austrian ambassadors to Israel took part in a ceremony that also included a rare musical rendition of a work of the German-Jewish composer Robert Kahn, whose music was outlawed by the Nazis. Yad Vashem also presented a new online exhibit, "It Came From Within ... 70 Years Since Kristallnacht," marking the event with images, historical information, and pages of testimony about some of the Jews who died during Kristallnacht. Kristallnacht survivor Mordechai Segal, who participated in the remembrance service, described his experience of the night. At Israel's weekly Cabinet meeting, Prime Minister Ehud Olmert said Kristallnacht was "the turning point toward the inevitable destruction of a greater portion of the Jewish people in Europe between 1939-1945," adding that Israel "will never forgive or forget" the crimes of the Nazi regime.