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SKorea Kim Dae Jung 3 - WRAP Late frmr SKor President Kim Dae-jung intv on death penalty in April; memorial
NAME: SKO KIM DAE 3 20090818Ix TAPE: EF09/0785 IN_TIME: 11:08:02:02 DURATION: 00:03:33:09 SOURCES: Amnesty International/AP Television DATELINE: Seoul - 18 August 2009/Recent RESTRICTIONS: Check shotlist for details SHOTLIST: Amnesty International ++ MUST ONSCREEN CREDIT AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL++ No re-use/re-sale without clearance FILE: 21 April 2009 1. Former South Korean President Kim Dae-jung being pushed in wheelchair FILE: 19 April 2009 2. SOUNDBITE (Korean) Kim Dae-jung, former South Korean President: "After democracy, I was told by the High Court that I was innocent. However, before, I was guilty and if I had been executed then I would have died an innocent man. There are thousands of people who were like me, people who died in the fight for democracy." FILE: 21 April 2009 3. Dae-jung being helped into car 4. SOUNDBITE (Korean) Kim Dae-jung, former South Korean President: "A human should not kill a human. We need to abolish the death penalty in Asia. As in the countries of the European Union, where you can't even join if you still have the death penalty, we should have to do the same thing. If the death penalty were abolished, it would change the atmosphere in Asia and also have a positive knock-on effect in Central and South America, and Africa, and the rest of the world. Accordingly, the issue of the death penalty is one of the most serious issues confronting human beings, and I hope that, if possible, the Asian countries will set an example in sorting out this problem." 5. Dae-jung getting into car FILE: 19 April 2009 6. SOUNDBITE (Korean) Kim Dae-jung, former South Korean President: "It was 1952 when I decided to enter politics. At that time, the communists had decided Pusan should be Korea's temporary capital city and the Syngman Rhee Administration had started to become increasingly dictatorial and imprison many of the opposition party members of the National Assembly. This led me to believe that democracy in my country was at stake. So, I decided to enter politics and fight for democracy." FILE: 21 April 2009 7. Dae-jung's convoy driving away FILE: 19 April, 2009 8. SOUNDBITE (Korean) Kim Dae-jung, former South Korean President: "Once I was sentenced to death, I was scared but decided to accept it because I could die for my people and posterity. Then, the officers of the military regime visited me to ask me to cooperate with them, saying 'If you cooperate with us, we will save you, and give you a good job.' I replied: 'If I do cooperate with you, I can continue to live but I will die in history and in people's minds. But if I do not cooperate with you, I know I will die but will live forever in people's minds and in history.' I said, 'I will choose the latter. So, do not try to persuade me, but just kill me'." AP Television 18 August 2009 9. Lee Hee-ho, wife of deceased former South Korean president Kim Dae-jung, entering memorial to her husband inside Yonsei Severance Hospital 10. Close-up of Lee lighting incense stick, tilt up to her face 11. Lee bowing in front of memorial, pan to photo of Kim surrounded by flowers 12. Former South Korean president Kim Young-sam (rival of Kim Dae-jung) placing flower on memorial, zoom in 13. United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon carrying flower 14. Close-up of Ban bowing 15. Ban and his wife Yoo Soon-taek walking up to place flowers on memorial, Ban reaching down to take incense stick STORYLINE: Human rights group Amnesty International has released footage from interviews the human rights group conducted with former South Korean President, Kim Dae-jung, back in April this year. Kim Dae-jung died at a Seoul hospital on Tuesday after battling pneumonia for weeks, officials at Severance Hospital said. He was 85. In the interviews, Kim Dae-jung tells the story of his fight for democracy and his long opposition to the death penalty. As a pro-democracy opposition lawmaker, Kim built a reputation as a passionate champion of human rights and democracy who fought against South Korea's military dictatorships. As president from 1998-2003, he was architect of the "Sunshine Policy" of reaching out to wartime rival North Korea as a way to encourage reconciliation. His efforts led to an unprecedented thaw in relations with the North and culminated in a historic North-South summit - the first on the divided peninsula - and a jubilant meeting in Pyongyang with leader Kim Jong Il in 2000. His successor, the late President Roh Moo-hyun, maintained the Sunshine Policy but Kim Dae-jung saw his work unravel with the election of conservative President Lee Myung-bak in 2007, who conditioned aid to the North on the regime's commitment to nuclear disarmament. North Korea cut off nearly all reconciliation ties last year and suspended most of the joint projects that had sprung up in the wake of warming relations, though it announced its intention this week to restore some of them, including reunions of families divided for decades after the 1950-1953 Korean War. Over the past year, as international tensions rose over Pyongyang's continued nuclear defiance, Kim rallied up until the end for Seoul to find a way to engage the North. Kim's wife Lee Hee-ho laid a flower and lit incense at a memorial to her husband inside the hospital on Tuesday. She was joined by former president and her husband's longtime rival Kim Young-sam and United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.