PA-2318 Beta SP
Who's Boss?
Nun tackle, death threats and sectarian excesses... At the heart of the battle of
The Good German Premiere – Sound bite; Christian Oliver Christmas, I still can’t get used to it, palm trees, Christmas, still trying to catch on the year has went by so fast but my parents are here, my mom, my father came out from Germany and my sister, I can’t wait to see my sister, I’m going back to Germany so I’m going home for Christmas and do it the way your suppose to do it, with snow. I mean for me I’m going to go home, see friends and go skiing. Enjoy Christmas with the family.
00:00:00:00 "This isn't an easy decision. I hate to lose. My family, my friends, you, my supporters across the country, you've given a great deal to get me to where I have a shot at becoming President ...
Inauguration of Ronald Reagan 1985
Inauguration of Ronald Wilson Reagan as President Of The United States, who then went on to complete his second term in office 1985 Inaugural Address - Ronald Reagan Senator Mathias, Chief Justice Burger, Vice President Bush, Speaker O'Neill, Senator Dole, reverend clergy, and members of my family and friends and my fellow citizens: This day has been made brighter with the presence here of one who, for a time, has been absent. Senator John Stennis, God bless you and welcome back. There is, however, one who is not with us today. Representative Gillis Long of Louisiana left us last night. And I wonder if we could all join in a moment of silent prayer. [The President resumed speaking after a moment of silence. ] Amen. There are no words adequate to express my thanks for the great honor that you've bestowed on me. I'll do my utmost to be deserving of your trust. This is, as Senator Mathias told us, the 50th time that we, the people, have celebrated this historic occasion. When the first President, George Washington, placed his hand upon the Bible, he stood less than a single day's journey by horseback from raw, untamed wilderness. There were 4 million Americans in a union of 13 States. Today, we are 60 times as many in a union of 50 States. We've lighted the world with our inventions, gone to the aid of mankind wherever in the world there was a cry for help, journeyed to the Moon and safely returned. So much has changed, and yet we stand together as we did two centuries ago. When I took this oath 4 years ago, I did so in a time of economic stress. Voices were raised saying that we had to look to our past for the greatness and glory. But we, the present-day Americans, are not given to looking backward. In this blessed land, there is always a better tomorrow. Four years ago, I spoke to you of a New Beginning, and we have accomplished that. But in another sense, our New Beginning is a continuation of that beginning created two centuries ago when, for the first time in history, government, the people said, was not our master, it is our servant; its only power that which we the people allow it to have. That system has never failed us, but for a time we failed the system. We asked things of government that government was not equipped to give. We yielded authority to the National Government that properly belonged to States or to local governments or to the people themselves. We allowed taxes and inflation to rob us of our earnings and savings and watched the great industrial machine that had made us the most productive people on Earth slow down and the number of unemployed increase. By 1980 we knew it was time to renew our faith, to strive with all our strength toward the ultimate in individual freedom, consistent with an orderly society. We believed then and now: There are no limits to growth and human progress when men and women are free to follow their dreams. And we were right to believe that. Tax rates have been reduced, inflation cut dramatically, and more people are employed than ever before in our history. We are creating a nation once again vibrant, robust, and alive. But there are many mountains yet to climb. We will not rest until every American enjoys the fullness of freedom, dignity, and opportunity as our birthright. It is our birthright as citizens of this great Republic. And if we meet this challenge, these will be years when Americans have restored their confidence and tradition of progress; when our values of faith, family, work, and neighborhood were restated for a modern age; when our economy was finally freed from government's grip; when we made sincere efforts at meaningful arms reductions and by rebuilding our defenses, our economy, and developing new technologies, helped preserve peace in a troubled world; when America courageously supported the struggle for individual liberty, self-government, and free enterprise throughout the world and turned the tide of history away from totalitarian darkness and into the warm sunlight of human freedom. My fellow citizens, our nation is poised for greatness. We must do what we know is right, and do it with all our might. Let history say of us: These were golden years-when the American Revolution was reborn
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FRIENDS OF DON SHERWOOD 2006 AD / ADVERTISEMENT / COMMERCIAL "COUNT ON ME" TRT :30 "Rep. Don Sherwood, the Pennsylvania Republican accused of choking his former mistress, has issued a television ad in which he asks for forgiveness for the "mistake" he made which "nearly cost him" the love his wife and daughters. While saying that the "allegation of abuse was never true," Sherwood tells the voters of Pennsylvania's 10th congressional district that if they were to forgive him, he will stay focused on reducing taxes, creating jobs, and bringing home the district's fair share." Script of "Count on Me" (TV) (ON CAMERA) DON SHERWOOD: I made a mistake that nearly cost me the love of my wife Carolyn (sp) and our daughter. As a family we worked through this because of my deep regret, our love, and the fact that the allegation of abuse was never true. While I'm truly sorry for disappointing you, I never wavered from my commitment to reduce taxes, create jobs and bring hope our fair share. Should you for me, you can count of me to keep fighting hard for you and your family. I'm don Sherwood and I approve this message.
Rep. Dan Burton (R-IN), and Chairman of the Government Reform and Oversight Committee releases audio tapes of Webster Hubbell while in prison for his dealing with the Whitewater Scandal--- STILL AND AUDIO IN THREE CUTS.
UN Secretary General Trygve Lie announces his resignation
Interview with Bushra Jawabri pt 1
INTERVIEWER:,Please say and spell your name for us 1:00:57:00>>> BUSHRA JAWABRI,It's bushra B-U-S-H-R-A INTERVIEWER:,INAUDIBLE,BUSHRA JAWABRI,I'm sorry?, NTERVIEWER:,Your full name please. BUSHRA JAWABRI Bushra al Jawabri B-U-S-H-R-A Jawabri J-A-W-A-B-R-I, NTERVIEWER:,And where are you from? BUSHRA JAWABRI,Ah I'm from Arab refugee camp. It's a refugee camp located between Bethlehem City and Hebron. INTERVIEWER:,What are you doing in the United States right now? 1:01:31:15>>> BUSHRA JAWABRI,I'm going to Georgetown university I'm doing my masters in Foreign Service. INTERVIEWER:,When were you last in Palestine? BUSHRA JAWABRI,I went home about in at the end of July last year. And ah I spent a month there. INTERVIEWER:,You also grew up in an Arab refugee camp too right? BUSHRA JAWABRI,Yeah I grew up in an Arab refugee camp and I stayed there till I finished high school. And then I came to the United States to study for my undergrad. And then I stayed after that. I went for my masters. INTERVIEWER:,We hear a lot about the Israeli occupation but we don't know what it's like to experience it we just read about it. Have you experienced first hand all the activities that we hear about? 1:02:45:14>>> BUSHRA JAWABRI,I've lived inaudible Arab refugee camp and I lived under the occupation all my life. BUSHRA JAWABRI,And it wasn't an easy thing because I was I felt humiliated and harassed um everyday of my life. For example soldiers would um attack the house and wake us up at 2am, 4am just ask for my dads id our ids. Ah check how many children are there. And my, my sister almost got killed which was in school because um once there was random shooting. BUSHRA JAWABRI,Ah I think it was about a year ago a terrorist school. And she, she almost got killed. And I had to go my school I live in the Arab refugee camp and my high school was in Hebron city. So I had to I had to go through a checkpoint every day I had to go to school. Every time they would stop me and ah ask for my id why am I going to school where and I remember at times I couldn't even come back to my house so I had to stay with friends. So it was very difficult. INTERVIEWER:,Can you elaborate on your sister almost being killed? 1:04:41:12>>> BUSHRA JAWABRI,I think at the beginning of the first al axa antifata ah the situation in Hebron was really heated up. And so the was a supposedly a normal day of school. BUSHRA JAWABRI,And then ah all of sudden while she was at class the principal asked all students to run and go to the, to the downstairs I think to the basement of the school to hide because there was there was random shooting at the school many places because her school is in the center of Hebron city. So all students had to run down ah to the basement of the school. BUSHRA JAWABRI,And a lot of them broke their hands and their legs trying to to ah escape the shooting. And it was um for them it was a beginning of an end because the principal told them call your parents basically say good-bye to your parents. BUSHRA JAWABRI,And then so all students some students were able to call their parents and so Rasha, my sister Rasha, she called home and she called my aunt because the phone at home was discounted. So ah she tell her that she wanted to talk to my parents. So underneath her desk she started writing um good-bye letter to ah to my parents. And she left it on the desk. Luckily half an hour the shooting stopped and she was able to go home and see my parents. BUSHRA JAWABRI,And I was here in the United States and she called me right after crying very frustrated about how she has to, what she has to go through on a daily basis. And she was crying and screaming that she can't do a basic thing that anyone should be able to do just basically to be able to go to school and get educated. BUSHRA JAWABRI,And ah and she read the letter to me on the phone and it was really frustrating and I really ah felt guilty being here in a safe secure place where I was able to go to school safely every day and have to worry about getting shot, getting shot or being killed while going to school. So um and I think I wrote an article after that and I sent it to ah a couple of people in magazines. INTERVIEWER:,Who was doing the shooting? BUSHRA JAWABRI,The Israeli soldiers. INTERVIEWER:,Say that in a sentence BUSHRA JAWABRI,The Israeli shoot, Israeli soldiers were shooting at her school. INTERVIEWER:,Why?,1:07:43:17>>> BUSHRA JAWABRI,Exactly why I think um there are certain things done by Israeli soldiers under in, in the West Bank and Gaza Strip that for me I have, I can't see anyone justifying these actions because if they say that they're looking for terrorists then I don't think I don't think a kid who's watching TV and being shot or he's watching TV is a terrorist. BUSHRA JAWABRI,I don't think a student who's going to school and being shot or he or she's going to school is a terrorist. And I think um that's why people are ah frustrated and they feel humiliated under the occupation. And that's why they try to resist the, the occupation in different ways. Some people try to by being part of peace organizations and some people do the suicide bombs. But even, even for us it's hard. BUSHRA JAWABRI,Even for me if I want to resist the occupation in a peaceful way it's a bit difficult because if they want to organize a demonstration against the occupation a peaceful demonstration then I can't because I don't even have the right to leave my house if there's a curfew and there's a curfew. You're not allowed to leave the house or walk in the streets. ,1 09:08:20>>> BUSHRA JAWABRI,And for example a friend of mine who was in a peaceful demonstration in Israel and he was an Arab Israeli he was wearing the seeds of peace t-shirt which was international organization that helps Palestinians and Israelis co exist and he, he was trying to resist the occupation in his own way which was with a peaceful demonstration and he was able to do it because he was living under the Israeli government in Israel yeah. BUSHRA JAWABRI,And so he but he, he got shot, he got shot he got killed. So it's, it's a I think the continuous aggressive actions by the Israeli soldiers towards Palestinians whether the ones living in the West Bank, Gaza Strip or other Arab Israeli areas it's, it's really disappointing for them because it's like no matter what you do you have a big chance of being shot and killed. And um but as we said we should not loose and there's always hope. INTERVIEWER:,You knew inaudible? BUSHRA JAWABRI,Yeah. INTERVIEWER:,From seeds of peace? 1:10:24:20>>> BUSHRA JAWABRI,From seeds of peace he was at camp with me in 1997 and we had the youth summit in Volaris he was part of it and he was one of the most activists people at seeds of peace and he was always organizing events to help people from both sides to coexist or to try to understand each other. INTERVIEWER:,Before we get to seeds of peace you mentioned the things Israelis do to inaudible BUSHRA JAWABRI,Ahuh INTERVIEWER:,What's the worse, the most incomprehensible thing that you personally witnesses or experienced? BUSHRA JAWABRI,It's for me it was the Israeli soldiers inaudible the West Bank and Gaza Strip or just daily massacres that kill a lot of Palestinians and it's not always I don't think they can justify as I said killing people while they're in their houses, destroying people, destroying peoples houses. 1:11:30:20>>> BUSHRA JAWABRI,And it's not always people from jihad or Hamas as they always claim. I'm not part of jihad or Hamas and I was humiliated on a daily basis going to school. My they hurt my dad in front of my eyes. Soldiers once came to the house and they started to hit my brother who's 4 years younger and he and first and both my sister and I are parts of seeds of peace. And, and my dad is a, is an activist for non-violent communication groups. BUSHRA JAWABRI,But it seems that no matter what you do the pay back is having a chance of being shot or being killed. And um that's why it's very unfair. And these people they're not I don't think the Palestinian suffering is well presented on in the media whether American or Israeli or even some international TV channels. BUSHRA JAWABRI,Because I what happens like when they I think a suicide bomb is something horrible that you should show it and you should condemn it but also when someone is shot you have to show that as well and say it's wrong and it's, it's humiliating and it's, it's violating these peoples rights. And um ahuh. INTERVIEWER:,What was the story when they came to your house inaudible? 1:13:04:03>>>,BUSHRA JAWABRI,I think it was under um no it wasn't even the antifata. I think was about um 5, 6 years ago. And ah he a couple of incidents actually happened to my brother. One time it was his birthday my mom was baking cake for him. He was sitting underneath the, the window they threw ah gas bomb through the window and he almost had the risk of being killed. BUSHRA JAWABRI,And um and another incident was that he was at the house. They came looking for male Palestinians and ah so they saw him and they start saying, he was a kid he was I think 12 years old. And then they the soldiers um trying to question his or talk to him or asking him do you throw stones do you do this do you do that. BUSHRA JAWABRI,And I know it's sort of unbelievable to hear such a story and I'm sure Israelis would say no he was doing this and that they always find random reasons for things that they do but I think these actions could never be justified. Cause you if you don't do anything wrong then, then why. INTERVIEWER:,You mentioned this violence have you ever personally been a victim of this violence or humiliation? Has anyone ever tried to hurt you harassed you to an extreme level? 1:14:47:20>>>,BUSHRA JAWABRI,I think the humiliation on the checkpoints was too much to handle because I simply want to go to school and be able to come back home and see my parents and go back to school the second day. But that basic simple thing wasn't, wasn't simple or normal for me because I had to go through checkpoints. I had to the Israeli sol, the Israeli soldiers had to sometimes check my bag. BUSHRA JAWABRI,They had to question me. And ah so, so it was and, and for me to see other people like my friends and family and and people being shot or killed or injured for no reason is a tough a humiliation and a violation of human rights. INTERVIEWER:,What would you say the western media gets most wrong about this? What are some of the biggest mistakes that the western media is portraying that you would correct if you could? 1:15:54:07>>> BUSHRA JAWABRI,Sadly when I came here I realized that a lot of people think of Palestinians as terrorists or suicide bombers. I think lots of peoples image were a suicide bomb happened in Israel it was done by a Palestinian Palestinians are bad are territories. But what I wonder about sometimes is that even if you don't know what's going on in Palestine in Israel I mean in the West Bank in Gaza I wonder how come people can't say why. BUSHRA JAWABRI,Why would someone commit suicide? Why would someone kill him or herself? I mean why life is something precious for all of us. If I get by injured by a knife we try hard to, to treat that injury than how can someone just simply kill himself or herself and commit suicide. What what drives these people to commit suicide? What drives someone to have, to kill him or herself? And what factors drive these people to do such things. BUSHRA JAWABRI,And it's sad because it seemed that people take things as facts and sometimes they don't question why and where and when. And it's really sad because because these people like for example one suicide bomber he, she was um engaged. 1:17:37:17>> BUSHRA JAWABRI,She was educated ready to start her career and she did a suicide bomb in Israel. And you would say why she, she was successful. She had a fiancé. She had ah her education. She was ready to go face the world and have her career why would someone like that kill or commit suicide. BUSHRA JAWABRI,And when I looked at the, at the history of that person of what, of what happened to her and her family. Her fiance was killed by Israeli soldiers the same week. Her brother was killed by Israeli soldiers the same week. Her cousin was killed by the Israeli soldiers the same week. So when you loose hope. When the things that you're living for do not exist anymore then what would you do. And it's not that I'm justifying suicide bombs. I every time the happen I totally condemn them but I think people should understand why and what factors drive these people to do these things. INTERVIEWER:,You have explained the mindset of loosing hope did it ever make you want to go the way of more forceful resistance to realize nothing else is working? You explain it provoked people so much why didn't it provoke you or did it provoke you to do the same not these acts but something rather like throwing stones or something similar? 1:19:11:04>>> BUSHRA JAWABRI,At many times I was very close to losing hoping and having no faith, no faith in, in peace in the region or in coexistence between these two sides. Like for example when the incident happened to my sister I was very frustrated. At that point it was hard for me to think of something called peace. BUSHRA JAWABRI,But then I, I wrote ah an article and I sent it to a couple of my Israeli friends. And for me to know that they totally condemned what happened and they totally wouldn't do such a thing and they wouldn't even want to go to army to the Israeli army because the army is violating Palestinian or human rights in West Bank and Gaza strip is in itself is itself gives me hope that, that they these people they, they know what the reality is they're not in denial of what goes on in the region. And they and they have hope that they can change it. INTERVIEWER:,Is it common for Palestinians such as yourself to have some Israeli friends regularly? BUSHRA JAWABRI,Ah definitely not because the areas are so separated and segregated. For example the first seeds of peace the only image I had of Israelis was of Israeli solider with a gun trying to attack me shoot me or stop me from going anywhere I wanted to go. For me I didn't even I hadn't even met ah an Israeli that dresses the way I did. For me Israelis were soldiers that wore the Israeli military uniform and they had their guns. That was the only image I had. 1:21:04:09>>>,BUSHRA JAWABRI,But to meet people that they totally condemned their governments actions in the Palestinian areas and in Gaza strip and towards Palestinians anywhere ah and it was, it was um something that really kept hope alive in my heart because you can't you get to know that there are Israelis who who do not who do not agree with a soldier going to someone's house and killing that person with no reason. BUSHRA JAWABRI,Or to for Israelis to just destroy people's houses for no reason. Or for Israelis to attack students going to school for no reason. For example I have a friend one of my best friends is Israeli and her mother is a an activist. BUSHRA JAWABRI,I think she became and activist for peace after her daughter participation in seeds of peace and she her family I mean her name is Noah my friend. So her family and my family they exchanged visits. And ah for me when when for example an Israeli attack houses in Hebron and for me to get a phone call from Noah's momma from Noah saying oh my god they totally condemn this I can't believe they did this is something that keep, keep me going. INTERVIEWER:,How did you come to meet these people and how did you get involved with them? 1:22:40:11>>> BUSHRA JAWABRI,I was away first um at school the min how seeds of peace functions is mainly through ministries of education. So the ministry of education asked each school to pick 2 or 3 students. They asked us to write an essay of why you want to go to the camp. And then each school would pick 2 students and then you get interviewed by people from the ministry of education and people from seeds of peace. Then you go to the camp and it's totally not what you expect because of course I had the, I was really fearful of meeting Israelis. BUSHRA JAWABRI,And for me the first day of camp I was scared. I didn't I didn't think I wanted to it was, there was, there was hesitation of actually meeting them. I didn't know what they think of me personally. I didn't know how they act. I didn't know whether or not they agree with the soldiers. For me they were all with one aim, which is to kill Palestinians or to get rid of Palestinians. BUSHRA JAWABRI,But um I think I was fortunate to get to meet some Israelis who do believe in Palestinians rights and who, who condemn the Israeli soldiers actions. And who are not for the violation of our rights. So yeah and so I went to camp when I was 13. Ah and I ah I, I can't say that it was easy. It wasn't just that like you meet them hear their perspective and that's it. It wasn't that way because we had a lot of coexistence sessions where ,you discuss political issues regard relating to the region. BUSHRA JAWABRI,Like inaudible sovereignty, refuges, settlements all of these issues. And I remember many that ended many of the coexistence sessions crying because there's two I mean Palestinian youth, youth and Israeli youth trying to discuss this topic. 1:25:01:08>>> BUSHRA JAWABRI,It was really hard because it's very personal for us and on the, on the same at the same time it's, it's facts that we've learned and that we've lived. And for, for I think also the Israelis do have a live besides the conflict. They can go on their daily life do what they want to do. But for Palestinians the conflict is our life because I, occupation in the West Bank is what people go through on a daily basis. Israelis do get affected by the conflict if a suicide bomb happens. BUSHRA JAWABRI,But they can live. They can go shopping. They can go to school. They can travel freely but we can't. So it's a bit, so it's a bit hard for certain people for certain Israelis who only see that image of their soldiers protecting the Israeli people. But I think when they knew that protection didn't mean or shouldn't mean the killing of your friend who's sitting now next to you. And I think that's when it that's when you realize as John Wallace said the founder of seeds of peace that enemy has a face. INTERVIEWER:,Why did you even want to go you said you wrote essays? BUSHRA JAWABRI,Yeah INTERVIEWER:,Why would you even want to do it doesn't sound like the dream of every wouldn't want to spend their summer with the others. 1:26:37:20>>> ,BUSHRA JAWABRI,Exactly I don't think I wanted to go. And I talked to my dad and he was like you should you should apply you should go cause my dad was an activist for non violent communication. And ah he was always promoting ah peach camps, peace demonstrations. So he had encouraged me to go to the camp. And for me it was a trip to the USA nothing more than that. I was like Israelis are at the camp but you have other Palestinians. I think at that time I wasn't really aware of what the camp was like and what it would be like. INTERVIEWER:,Can you tell me a little bit about your family? Your father you said is an activist for non violent communication? BUSHRA JAWABRI,My father's a principal of a high school in Hebron. And he is um an activist. He has been part of very of a um various non violent communication groups. And ah he but they're I mean Palestinian, Palestinian groups. And they have and he and he was always trying to change the situation at the camp itself. 1:27:51:20>>> BUSHRA JAWABRI,Try to develop things. So he, so he um through his school I think he was able to bring teachers from Europe, from America to come and teach at the refugee camp. Cause for him that was the only way to help these people is through education. INTERVIEWER:,He's in a refugee camp so originally he's not from there? BUSHRA JAWABRI,Ahuh. INTERVIEWER:,How did they end up what was the story of your grandparents how they need up there? BUSHRA JAWABRI,Ah my grandparents were kicked out from their native village ah irakamanchiem (?) in 1948 which is now a settlement called kiratgot (?) and um we my grandmother left there in 1948 and until now she could she has not given the chance to go back because for the she needs a permission from the Israeli government to go to her native village. BUSHRA JAWABRI,And for her she still has hope that one day she will go back or at least she'll be able to see the place where she had all her memories. And once I, and once I did lots of interviews inside the camps I interviewed kids who were born at the camp at the Arab refugee camp and when you ask them where are you from they say they always, they always say I leave in the Arab refugee camp but my native village or city is. Always cause for them they're, they're it's a, it's still a temporary place that they're living in. And, and they have, they have hope to go back. INTERVIEWER:,Why was she forced to leave the village? BUSHRA JAWABRI,Why was she forced to leave her village? INTERVIEWER:,Did soldiers come? BUSHRA JAWABRI,Um hearing the story from my grandmother she said that the Israeli they were, they kept hearing shootings and the villages around their village got attacked by Israeli solders. 1:30:20:20>>> BUSHRA JAWABRI,And they said that they the people in the village were killed and that they should leave and I think they got a couple of the houses in the village got attacked. So people, people who wanted to stay alive they had to leave. And and I think they my grandmother said is that the only, the, the UN or into, the UN they told them that you should leave now and then in a month we'll take you back to your village. That's why they're still, they're still, they're still think that where they're living is still temporary and that they are going back. INTERVIEWER:,But the month has become 50 years?,BUSHRA JAWABRI,Ahuh. INTERVIEWER:,And your father's family was from a village that is now in the settlement too? BUSHRA JAWABRI,Oh um sorry was my grandfather, my grand oh yeah my grandmother on my fathers side? INTERVIEWER:,On your fathers side. BUSHRA JAWABRI,But my mom no she's not a refugee but she's married to a refugee now. INTERVIEWER:,And where is her family from? BUSHRA JAWABRI,Ah my mother's family is from inaudible village. It's a village in, in Hebron. It's more inaudible culture village. INTERVIEWER:,Did you ever get involved in anything something different than the peaceful demonstrations? BUSHRA JAWABRI,Defiantly. During the first antifata I can I remember because the first antifata there were a lot of student demonstrations. Excuse me during the first antifata there were a lot of student demonstrations. So I remember I think it was maybe I was in elementary school and I use to just join the demonstrations. And the as a, as a way to resist the occupation and the humiliation that we as students and Palestinians and as humans go through on a daily basis. INTERVIEWER:,Can I ask you if you don't mind how old are you? BUSHRA JAWABRI,Ah 22. INTERVIEWER:,Do you remember the 1993 Oslo accords? BUSHRA JAWABRI,I'm sorry? INTERVIEWER:,Do you remember the Oslo accords? BUSHRA JAWABRI,Sort of yeah. INTERVIEWER:,Did it affect you did you see a change inaudible? 1:32:20:20>>> BUSHRA JAWABRI,It's funny because in Palestine every time they say that there's a peace treaty that will be signed by the Israeli government and the Palestinian government we say wow great let's hope that the situation will be better. But again when it comes its great they sign papers and they sign peace treaties on the ground nothing change nothing change because I was living under the occupation then and I can't think it was even maybe at times it was a better and at times it was worse but still I was still living under the Israeli government. BUSHRA JAWABRI,I was still humiliated by the Israeli soldiers. I still had the chance of, of being shot so I don't think I saw nay difference because um I don't think their will ever be a successful peace treaty between these 2 countries unless there is a two state and I don't mean and what I mean by a state a Palestinian state is a state that would sovereignty and authority over the, the over the West Bank and Gaza Strip. BUSHRA JAWABRI,Not just over streets of neighborhoods. And ah that's why I think the settlements should be eliminated from the West Bank. And um because even under what we call what people thought was peaceful ah situation in the region I think of the settlement in Hebron and cause my, my dads school is in-between it's like it's very close to the Israeli settlement kitabra (?) and the hebronites neighborhood. BUSHRA JAWABRI,So there always um um clashes between the settlers and the hebronites living there and there was always antifata for us. People think of antifata comprising was something that happened in the 8 years and then again now but for, for a lot of lots of cities and refugee camps it was always vi, it was always there was always aggression and violence and um I can't think of a time where I say wow I felt that it was peaceful or secure for me to go anywhere. INTERVIEWER: BUSHRA JAWABRI,Ahuh INTERVIEWER:,Bill Clinton he made a good deal you see Palestinian flags being raised and Palestinian trucks in authority again. Did you feel any of this at all even in the beginning?,Yeah Oslo accords was such big news here. 1:35:44:19>>> BUSHRA JAWABRI,Did I feel what? INTERVIEWER:,Any affects of the agreement? BUSHRA JAWABRI,I think at the beginning when Arafat when we were like wow we have our own leader now and I remember I went to Bethlehem and ah when Arafat came to Bethlehem and he gave a speech and I was so happy. ,And I was cheering and wow finally we have our own state but ah how many years now it is after that and nothing has changed. Um I still don't have the right to even go to my school. BUSHRA JAWABRI,I don't have the right to visit my to even visit my native village. I, I always now every time I go home it takes me a whole day to get to my house instead of couple of hours. I have to go to Jordan and through Jordan to go to Jericho. And from Jericho to go to Hebron. And I have all these suitcases that have to be checked by the Israeli soldiers. BUSHRA JAWABRI,And I remember last year my sister and I were coming to the United States to New York and one so they stopped us at one checkpoint between Jericho and Hebron and they asked us to open our suitcases and we're like where it was on the road or on the and it was really dusty and I didn't want to open my suitcase. And of course what power did I have with 5 Israeli soldiers with guns standing there. So of course I had to open my suitcase but I was really saying inaudible things in Arabic which I felt humiliated frustrated. I didn't even want to speak a language that they understand. I didn't want to because if they're mean like what would I or my sister have into the suitcases. Or is that a way to protect the Israeli people by humiliating other people. 1:37:50:29>>> BUSHRA JAWABRI,And and what and that's why I feel the checkpoints make no sense at all but humiliation to the Palestinians because like for example when I want to go to school there's a checkpoint but there's there are mountains besides the checkpoints and hills. The soldiers didn't allow us to go straightforward through that road but they allowed us to still go through I mean by climbing mountains. BUSHRA JAWABRI,So if your point wasn't to let us pass but still you allowed us to pass then that's why it's only just humiliation and frustration and people all and that's why I wonder and I'm shocked when people wonder why, why are Palestinians angry. Why are they mad, why do they say this and that? BUSHRA JAWABRI,Because the life is basically humiliated under the occupation because they are living under occupation that truly ended. Cause for me terrorism is not is not just someone who goes and kill committees suicide and kill a bunch of people but also but, but also I think an occupation is an act of terrorism because you are not , you are not giving people the rights you're invading them you're occupying them. You're not even allowing them to, to to leave their houses. INTERVIEWER:,You explain your views would you say that your approach and your views are moderate? BUSHRA JAWABRI,In what sense you mean? INTERVIEWER:,Politically in other words you have Hamas on the extreme BUSHRA JAWABRI,Yeah INTERVIEWER:,Inaudible moderate side inaudible would you say you're more moderate more pro peace?,Yeah Oslo accords was such big news here. 1:39:54:27>>> BUSHRA JAWABRI,I think Palestinians now cause every time I go home and I and every time I watch the news and go god how can people survive how did I survive this. And when I go back and I ask people and it always amazes me of how optimistic Palestinians still are. Like I'm always shocked that they can still continue and go on. And they can always hope that the situation will get better. BUSHRA JAWABRI,And it's amazing because I think it makes them stronger and more determined, determined to, to change the situation, to be able to have their own state and their own rights. INTERVIEWER:,In what ways did going to seeds of peace having that experience in what ways did it make you different than your fellow students who did not have that experience? 1:40:44:20>>> BUSHRA JAWABRI,I think what seeds of peace did is it, it gave me the chance to actually meet a different side of the Israelis other than the soldiers. Pep, people like me that you could talk to. That, that they that they can understand what I say. That they can that they know that they believe in my rights. BUSHRA JAWABRI,And ah I think that's, that's what was the turning point was to be able to know that there are ah some Israelis that believe in Palestinians rights and who are against terrorism, occupation any form of or, or act of, of terrorism in the region. Against killings of innocent civilians whether these civilians are Palestinians or Israelis. So yeah I think that's what ah what gave me faith. INTERVIEWER:,And how did -
Sound Bite: Marlee Matlin – eco friendly Well in terms of being green in our family we recycle a great deal uhm important, it would be nice if my kids could walk more often then have me drive them but at the same time being that its LA and it’s a little tough and we’re a little spread out from everything so its tough to walk.
FRIENDS OF DON SHERWOOD 2006 AD / ADVERTISEMENT / COMMERCIAL "COUNT ON ME" TRT :30 "Rep. Don Sherwood, the Pennsylvania Republican accused of choking his former mistress, has issued a television ad in which he asks for forgiveness for the "mistake" he made which "nearly cost him" the love his wife and daughters. While saying that the "allegation of abuse was never true," Sherwood tells the voters of Pennsylvania's 10th congressional district that if they were to forgive him, he will stay focused on reducing taxes, creating jobs, and bringing home the district's fair share." Script of "Count on Me" (TV) (ON CAMERA) DON SHERWOOD: I made a mistake that nearly cost me the love of my wife Carolyn (sp) and our daughter. As a family we worked through this because of my deep regret, our love, and the fact that the allegation of abuse was never true. While I'm truly sorry for disappointing you, I never wavered from my commitment to reduce taxes, create jobs and bring hope our fair share. Should you for me, you can count of me to keep fighting hard for you and your family. I'm don Sherwood and I approve this message.
Release Of Watergate Tapes - President Richard M. Nixon
Transcript: I have asked for this time tonight in order to announce my answer to the House Judiciary Committee's subpoena for additional Watergate tapes, and to tell you something about the actions I shall be taking tomorrow—about what I hope they will mean to you and about the very difficult choices that were presented to me. These actions will at last, once and for all, show that what I knew and what I did with regard to the Watergate break-in and coverup were just as I have described them to you from the very beginning. I have spent many hours during the past few weeks thinking about what I would say to the American people if I were to reach the decision I shall announce tonight. And so, my words have not been lightly chosen; I can assure you they are deeply felt. It was almost 2 years ago, in June 1972 that five men broke into the Democratic National Committee headquarters in Washington. It turned out that they were connected with my reelection committee, and the Watergate break-in became a major issue in the campaign. The full resources of the FBI and the Justice Department were used to investigate the incident thoroughly. I instructed my staff and campaign aides to cooperate fully with the investigation. The FBI conducted nearly 1,500 interviews. For 9 months—until March 1973—I was assured by those charged with conducting and monitoring the investigations that no one in the White House was involved. Nevertheless, for more than a year, there have been allegations and insinuations that I knew about the planning of the Watergate break-in and that I was involved in an extensive plot to cover it up. The House Judiciary Committee is now investigating these charges. On March 6, I ordered all materials that I had previously furnished to the Special Prosecutor turned over to the committee. These included tape recordings of 19 Presidential conversations and more than 700 documents from private White House files. On April 11, the Judiciary Committee issued a subpoena for 42 additional tapes of conversations which it contended were necessary for its investigation. I agreed to respond to that subpoena by tomorrow. In these folders that you see over here on my left are more than 1,200 pages of transcripts of private conversations I participated in between September 15, 1972, and April 27 of 1973 with my principal aides and associates with regard to Watergate. They include all the relevant portions of all of the subpoenaed conversations that were recorded, that is, all portions that relate to the question of what I knew about Watergate or the coverup and what I did about it. They also include transcripts of other conversations which were not subpoenaed, but which have a significant bearing on the question of Presidential actions with regard to Watergate. These will be delivered to the committee tomorrow. In these transcripts, portions not relevant to my knowledge or actions with regard to Watergate are not included, but everything that is relevant is included—the rough as well as the smooth—the strategy sessions, the exploration of alternatives, the weighing of human and political costs. As far as what the President personally knew and did with regard to Watergate and the coverup is concerned, these materials—together with those already made available—will tell it all. I shall invite Chairman Rodino and the committee's ranking minority member, Congressman Hutchinson of Michigan, to come to the White House and listen to the actual, full tapes of these conversations, so that they can determine for themselves beyond question that the transcripts are accurate and that everything on the tapes relevant to my knowledge and my actions on Watergate is included. If there should be any disagreement over whether omitted material is relevant, I shall meet with them personally in an effort to settle the matter. I believe this arrangement is fair, and I think it is appropriate. For many days now, I have spent many hours of my own time personally reviewing these materials and personally deciding questions of relevancy. I believe it is appropriate that the committee's review should also be made by its own senior elected officials, and not by staff employees. The task of Chairman Rodino and Congressman Hutchinson will be made simpler than was mine by the fact that the work of preparing the transcripts has been completed. All they will need to do is to satisfy themselves of their authenticity and their completeness. Ever since the existence of the White House taping system was first made known last summer, I have tried vigorously to guard the privacy of the tapes. I have been well aware that my effort to protect the confidentiality of Presidential conversations has heightened the sense of mystery about Watergate and, in fact, has caused increased suspicions of the President. Many people assume that the tapes must incriminate the President, or that otherwise, he would not insist on their privacy. But the problem I confronted was this: Unless a President can protect the privacy of the advice he gets, he cannot get the advice he needs. This principle is recognized in the constitutional doctrine of executive privilege, which has been defended and maintained by every President since Washington and which has been recognized by the courts, whenever tested, as inherent in the Presidency. I consider it to be my constitutional responsibility to defend this principle. Three factors have now combined to persuade me that a major unprecedented exception to that principle is now necessary: First, in the present circumstances, the House of Representatives must be able to reach an informed judgment about the President's role in Watergate. Second, I am making a major exception to the principle of confidentiality because I believe such action is now necessary in order to restore the principle itself, by clearing the air of the central question that has brought such pressures upon it—and also to provide the evidence which will allow this matter to be brought to a prompt conclusion. Third, in the context of the current impeachment climate, I believe all the American people, as well as their representatives in Congress, are entitled to have not only the facts but also the evidence that demonstrates those facts. I want there to be no question remaining about the fact that the President has nothing to hide in this matter. The impeachment of a President is a remedy of last resort; it is the most solemn act of our entire constitutional process. Now, regardless of whether or not it succeeded, the action of the House, in voting a formal accusation requiring trial by the Senate, would put the Nation through a wrenching ordeal it has endured only once in its lifetime, a century ago, and never since America has become a world power with global responsibilities. The impact of such an ordeal would be felt throughout the world, and it would have its effect on the lives of all Americans for many years to come. Because this is an issue that profoundly affects all the American people, in addition to turning over these transcripts to the House Judiciary Committee, I have directed that they should all be made public—all of these that you see here. To complete the record, I shall also release to the public transcripts of all those portions of the tapes already turned over to the Special Prosecutor and to the committee that relate to Presidential actions or knowledge of the Watergate affair. During the past year, the wildest accusations have been given banner headlines and ready credence as well. Rumor, gossip, innuendo, accounts from unnamed sources of what a prospective witness might testify to, have filled the morning newspapers and then are repeated on the evening newscasts day after day. Time and again, a familiar pattern repeated itself. A charge would be reported the first day as what it was—just an allegation. But it would then be referred back to the next day and thereafter as if it were true. The distinction between fact and speculation grew blurred. Eventually, all seeped into the public consciousness as a vague general impression of massive wrongdoing, implicating everybody, gaining credibility by its endless repetition. The basic question at issue today is whether the President personally acted improperly in the Watergate matter. Month after month of rumor, insinuation, and charges by just one Watergate witness—John Dean—suggested that the President did act improperly. This sparked the demands for an impeachment inquiry. This is the question that must be answered. And this is the question that will be answered by these transcripts that I have ordered published tomorrow. These transcripts cover hour upon hour of discussions that I held with Mr. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, John Dean, John Mitchell, former Attorney General Kleindienst, Assistant Attorney General Petersen, and others with regard to Watergate. They were discussions in which I was probing to find out what had happened, who was responsible, what were the various degrees of responsibilities, what were the legal culpabilities, what were the political ramifications, and what actions were necessary and appropriate on the part of the President. I realize that these transcripts will provide grist for many sensational stories in the press. Parts will seem to be contradictory with one another, and parts will be in conflict with some of the testimony given in the Senate Watergate committee hearings. I have been reluctant to release these tapes, not just because they will embarrass me and those with whom I have talked— which they will—and not just because they will become the subject of speculation and even ridicule—which they will— and not just because certain parts of them will be seized upon by political and journalistic opponents—which they will. I have been reluctant because, in these and in all the other conversations in this office, people have spoken their minds freely, never dreaming that specific sentences or even parts of sentences would be picked out as the subjects of national attention and controversy. I have been reluctant because the principle of confidentiality is absolutely essential to the conduct of the Presidency. In reading the raw transcripts of these conversations, I believe it will be more readily apparent why that principle is essential and must be maintained in the future. These conversations are unusual in their subject matter, but the same kind of uninhibited discussion—and it is that—the same brutal candor is necessary in discussing how to bring warring factions to the peace table or how to move necessary legislation through the Congress. Names are named in these transcripts. Therefore, it is important to remember that much that appears in them is no more than hearsay or speculation, exchanged as I was trying to find out what really had happened, while my principal aides were reporting to me on rumors and reports that they had beard, while we discussed the various, often conflicting stories that different persons were telling. As the transcripts will demonstrate, my concerns during this period covered a wide range. The first and obvious one was to find out just exactly what had happened and who was involved. A second concern was for the people who had been, or might become, involved in Watergate. Some were close advisers, valued friends, others whom I had trusted. And I was also concerned about the human impact on others, especially some of the young people and their families who had come to Washington to work in my Administration, whose lives might be suddenly ruined by something they had done in an excess of loyalty or in the mistaken belief that it would serve the interests of the President. And then, I was quite frankly concerned about the political implications. This represented potentially a devastating blow to the Administration and to its programs, one which I knew would be exploited for all it was worth by hostile elements in the Congress as well as in the media. I wanted to do what was right, but I wanted to do it in a way that would cause the least unnecessary damage in a highly charged political atmosphere to the Administration. And fourth, as a lawyer, I felt very strongly that I had to conduct myself in a way that would not prejudice the rights of potential defendants. And fifth, I was striving to sort out a complex tangle, not only of facts but also questions of legal and moral responsibility. I wanted, above all, to be fair. I wanted to draw distinctions, where those were appropriate, between persons who were active and willing participants on the one hand, and on the other, those who might have gotten inadvertently caught up in the web and be technically indictable but morally innocent. Despite the confusions and contradictions, what does come through clearly is this: John Dean charged in sworn Senate testimony that I was fully aware of the coverup" at the time of our first meeting on September 15
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Interview with Ameed Al-Masri pt 1
INTERVIEWER:,Could I have your name and spelling? AMEED AL-MASRI:,00:50:07>>>,Ameed Al-Masri I come from the city Nabus on the West Bank. I was born on the 9th on the 16th of November 1985. Um INTERVIEWER:,Give me the spelling of your name. AMEED AL-MASRI:,00:50:07>>>,That's A M double E D A L dash M A S R I INTERVIEWER:,You said you're from Nabus? AMEED AL-MASRI:,01:33 :24>>>,Yes INTERVIEWER:,You grew up there? AMEED AL-MASRI:,01:36:07>>>,All my life I ah sorry. AMEED AL-MASRI:,01:42:24>>>,I was born and raised in ah in Nabus. INTERVIEWER:,And Nabus is in? AMEED AL-MASRI:,01:51:12>>>,It's in the West Bank the territories of the West Bank. INTERVIEWER:,INAUDIBLE AMEED AL-MASRI:,02:02:26>>>,Well this leads me back to um to my father because most of the business INTERVIEWER:,Ok AMEED AL-MASRI:,02:16:00>>>,Ah my first encounter was ah through my father through our family business with Israeli merchants ah in the cities of Nathana and ah Tel Aviv. Our family business is about um water supplies and um ok sorry INTERVIEWER:,INAUDIBLE AMEED AL-MASRI:,03:01:00>>>,My first encounter was ah through my father. Our family business is ah associated with ah with merchants ah in Israel such as ah such as within the cities of Nathana and Tel Aviv and Haifa. Ah I would sometimes pick up the phone and um there would be somebody asking for my father speaking in Hebrew saying shalom and I would say shalom back. And um you know we could just start talking and even, even though I was young they would ah they would ask me ok what do you think about what's going on, what do you think about this and that. Like asking for my perspective and I would and I would just talk about it. And ah although I'm 8 or 9 years old I sometimes go with my father for some ah for some business trips. I wouldn't call it, call it a trip actually ah he just goes to Nathala to meet somebody to talk you know to. He would go there to um to discuss his business to discuss the business between the 2 parties and I would just go there and sit and hear then both talking. And hear my father talking in Hebrew and just trying to ah to understand some of the words he's saying. Ah try to get the link. Try to get you know the try to get the vibe about the conservation and ah see what it's all about. INTERVIEWER:,INAUDIBLE AMEED AL-MASRI:,04:59:27>>>,It was definitely unique because even though I was INTERVIEWER:,INAUDIBLE AMEED AL-MASRI:,05:06:17>>>,It was um it was somehow unique and ah and extraordinary I mean for some Palestinian guy to ah to be exposed to all to the atmosphere of ah interactions between Palestinians and um Israelis on the other side which is considered to be something irregular. I would ah I would say that it had a it had a hold on me I mean I somehow grown up being brought up with 2 different perspectives knowing what knowing that ok people in the streets um probably take extreme sides about the case the conflict take a, take a extreme sides about the conflict. And um on the other hand you see people who are like just regular people like civilians not ah not as people who have anything to do with ah to do with the military conflict. Like to see that ok there happens to be people who are ordinary just like me on the other side of the story. INTERVIEWER:,What kind of extremes INAUDIBLE what's an example? AMEED AL-MASRI:,06:33:00>>>,Um well, as an extreme about the conflict from the Palestinian side is nobody tolerates the fact that Israel should exist within the territories of Palestinian. And it's really hard for them to understand that to open their mind and see that something took place whether willingly or unwillingly. It just happened ah probably ok let me do this again. INTERVIEWER:,INAUDIBLE AMEED AL-MASRI:,07:13:02>>>,As and extreme that I would encounter within my school you know things I'd read in the newspaper, things I'd see on the TV um things you just hear um if you step into a supermarket and hear 2 regular people talking politics nobody I mean you get the overall feeling that there's hatred there's there's intolerance for the fact that there's other people who are considered to be our neighbors and they wouldn't just be able to understand. They wouldn't be able to ah to be ok with with them being right there on the same piece of land that they live on. Um so even like the different um different point of views. Different ah different people talking with different perspectives. Some saying look I'm ok with them being there and um but I just want my basic rights. I just want to ah to live in peace and I just want to raise a family you know. And you'd hear other people who are most likely um involved within the conflict who happen to be ah some parts of ah militant groups such as Fadah (?) or Hamas as young people the youth that actually um happen to be the next generation and you can see that some of these people have been ah somehow brainwashed to ah brainwashed and um and lead towards making INAUDIBLE words forming a specific point of view that doesn't tolerate the existence of Israel. And you would just hear these people talking and see that ok they're not completely in the picture but they've been brought up to a perspective that is not their own. And ah somebody has the influence among these people upon these people and just derive ah just drive them to think in a certain way that serves a purpose for ah for such a party like, for such a party like a rebellious party like fata INAUDIBLE. You know um INTERVIEWER:,Do you remember the Oslo Accord? AMEED AL-MASRI:,10:18:26>>>,Yeah the um the day that I recall the most was a day um which me and my family were sitting home and we were watching TV and um we saw the conference the TV conference in which there was ah Isaac Rabin and Yasar Arafat (cough) INTERVIEWER:,Start again. AMEED AL-MASRI:,10:50:16>>>,That's ok. The day I recall the most about Oslo was ah was the day me and my family were sitting and just watching TV and we saw talk Oslo taking place and um I didn't until then understand what was going on you know but I've been always ah in the atmosphere of, of obstacles and and atmosphere of the first antifata INTERVIEWER:,You're watching the TV what did it look like? AMEED AL-MASRI:,11:32:02>>>,Well I don't recollect I don't recall ah the whole setting about ah. I don't recall the whole um the whole Oslo process. I don't recall how it happened. I wasn't actually aware of what exactly what's going on but what I remember is I was sitting there with my family watching TV. And they told me that Gaza and jeco were finally gonna be under Palestinian ah they're gonna, they're gonna be operated by Palestinian authorities. And I asked my dad we don't how come we have Palestinian authority authorities I mean I haven't see any on the streets all I see ah the Israeli forces you know roaming around the neighborhood roaming around the city and I've never seen such thing like a Palestinian source of authority you know. Um and then there was an overall feeling of um happiness. And we could hear cars in the streets sorry can we INTERVIEWER:,Start again. AMEED AL-MASRI:,13:00:08>>>,Yeah so there was a feeling of happiness overall happiness within the streets. There was people honking their horns and raising the flags and pictures of Yasar Arafat. I wasn't totally familiar with his ah with this guy I mean. I never I probably seen his face before but I didn't understand what is his position you know. And um they just told me that this guy represents the case represents Palestinian as a whole. Represents the conflict of Palestinians against ah against many terms that I was raised with you know such as occupation or ah or um ok. Let's start this again. INTERVIEWER:,INAUDIBLE AMEED AL-MASRI:,13:51:00>>>,Um INTERVIEWER:,You grew up as a Palestinian but yet Yasar Arafat everybody knows that as a symbol was unfamiliar to you? AMEED AL-MASRI:,14:01:05>>>,Yeah because well Yasar Arafat back then is not as familiar as he is now for um for ah for the youth and probably for um for kids. I mean back then he wasn't actually within ah he wasn't actually he didn't actually exist in Palestinian. Ah well he was there somewhere in Tunisia, in Lebanon, in Jordan but he was never here I mean we were not raised with the fact that there is ah a permanent source of authority within Palestinian. AMEED AL-MASRI:,14:42:04>>>,The only source of authority that we um that we were familiar with was the Israeli forces. INTERVIEWER:,INAUDIBLE how did all this make you feel? AMEED AL-MASRI:,14:57:28>>>,Well first of all once um once we were informed that ok there's people from abroad from Tunisia, from Lebanon, from Jordan who were coming to Palestinian and ah performing as an actual source of authority, authority on these territories that were ah that were um run by Israeli forces before. So it was sort of awkward. It was sort of ah extraordinary to see that such huge shift is happening. Um well I recall that they came as heroes you know. They ah they got into the cities on their jeeps and people would like look at them and just clap their hands and just shout and um shout and joy and um and joyfully like celebrate this event as if it's some kind of ah national celebration. And um gradually they were um actually ah INTERVIEWER:,INAUDIBLE AMEED AL-MASRI:,16:24:20>>>,Um so um it was hard to INTERVIEWER:,INAUDIBLE AMEED AL-MASRI:,16:31:23>>>,So it was hard to ah AMEED AL-MASRI:,16:34:10>>>,So it was ah it was extra ordinary to see this this kind of shift in ah in authorities. To see that somebody else is coming to ah to replace somebody that you've encountered for, for years back then. And ah they would just start running things their own way and um run cities that were um previously run by the Israeli forces. Ah ok what do I have to say about this. INTERVIEWER:,So did you personally experience the Israeli soldiers before Oslo INAUDIBLE? AMEED AL-MASRI:,17:33:17>>>,Well such memories that. I um. I have some recollection about memories. AMEED AL-MASRI:,17:43:02>>>,I recollect some no AMEED AL-MASRI:,17:46:29>>>,I recall some memories about ah about the existence and um performance of the Israeli ah the Israeli forces within my city Nabus. I mean everyday we would go to school and after we'd finish our school day we would ah go down go downtown and um frolic the ah just go there to take a meal and um or just take a walk. And we would see like the jeeps rolling around. Some, some ah other kids would ah would just start throwing stones at the jeeps and the jeep would stop and they start chase. So we were actually brought up with this ah with this atmosphere of ah of consequent and continuous street fights, street ah street encounters. That so far was ah how I was bought up to the fact that no. How was. How I was brought up ah with ah with the existence of these forces. INTERVIEWER:,Were you ever involved in one of these encounters personally? AMEED AL-MASRI:,19:03:27>>>,I was never actually involved in such um in such encounters. I was never I don't recall that once I my life I picked up a stone and just threw it at the jeep because first of all it didn't make sense to me. And second of all my family I mean I was raised to be a moderate civilian. I was never I was never raised um among political ideologies or never been instructed or forced to believe in something. I would just hear things from my circle of friends and I would just think about it my own way but I didn't actually um believe in ah I didn't actually believe back then in what they were doing. I mean it somehow make, it somehow made non-sense to me because it was, it was purposes. I mean what could erupt for a piece of stone due to ah heavily armed jeep. It was it was somehow useless. And I'd see these people and I'd see kids in the streets just being injured and then just carried to ah to the hospitals. Carried to um carried by ambulances. The whole picture was scary. And as a kid back then I didn't have much guts you know because whenever I'd seen whenever I'd seen such samples of people getting hurt this badly getting ah getting hurt this bad I would ah it would sort of back me off from doing it. AMEED AL-MASRI:,21:09:26>>>,This was ah a million other reasons for me to just back up and observe rather than to function such as other did. INTERVIEWER:,Did you ever feel such anger for a moment that you wanted to confront Israeli forces? AMEED AL-MASRI:,21:35:22>>>,I was once taking my way to school in Ramala. That was actually after the anti fata had started and um we were stopped at a checking point after our 2 hours ride and there was still an hour to and hour, an hour ride I'm sorry AMEED AL-MASRI:,22:00:29>>>,I was once going to school from my city Naplus hold on. Do you want me to talk about ah I mean I want to talk about it like my school experience after I removed to Ramala but do you want me to put this moment or do you want me to like postpone it and talk about it later on? INTERVIEWER:,Did you ever talk to your friends when they were throwing rocks and tell them what you think about it? AMEED AL-MASRI:,22:54:28>>>,Well it was a combination of INTERVIEWER:,And answer the question I tried to talk to my friends about - AMEED AL-MASRI:,23:02:10>>>,Ok well um in some occasions there would be small competitions among me and my friends to talk about what we see and what we live everyday. And um it was never appropriate for me to say that ok people what are you doing I mean this doesn't make sense because the overall feeling was and the overall sense of validness was that what they're doing is right. I mean they're fighting for something but it was never something it was never appropriate for somebody to say ok I'm against this. I mean they would be seen as ah as as AMEED AL- MASRI:,23:51:26>>>,They would be seen as betrayals. INTERVIEWER:,Traders AMEED AL-MASRI:,23:56:10>>>,Trader's right that's the word. INTERVIEWER:,Describe that INAUDIBLE AMEED AL-MASRI:,24:03:29>>>,Well if you take a side of the story that a minority would take it would let you in a really weak position because the majority pursues ah pursues not a policy. Ok it would, it would put you in such a weak position to have um. To have a certain perspective of your own to ah to oppose some kind of ah some kind of actions and just oppose what others were doing you know. It was ah it was somehow un, it was somehow forbidden. To say that ok people what are you doing why are you doing this why do you throw stones and is this gonna help us somehow. I mean you'd be the, you'd be the person to be looked as ah as a trader. To ah you'd be the person who'd be looked at as oh my god what does this guy think I mean where does he come from he doesn't understand what's going on. My brother was shot I don't know yesterday and that's why I'm doing this. And um it was it wasn't possible for somebody to just stand up and say what are you doing. And for them it was a, a rather ah symbolical significance. It was more of um a feeling of rage, a feeling of anger to express for them it was something that they just did with their with all the with all the anger within them they would pick up a stone and, and throw it at a tank or back then it was mostly just jeeps. AMEED AL-MASRI:,26:07:27>>>,For them it was of symbolic significance they probably realized I mean after sufficient encounters that their rocks were not doing actually anything to the jeeps and they probably ah understood that this wasn't doing anything, this wasn't ah, this wasn't this wasn't leading them to anything but for them it was, it was an expression of their anger, an expression of their rage, an expression of all these potentials all these ah angry potentials that they had. So it was, so it was something essential for them to pursue and for others it was probably um -what did we forget to talk about here? INTERVIEWER:,Do you feel that there are more people like you but didn't want to speak out to say what they feel? AMEED AL-MASRI:,27:23:08>>>,Back then and even until now I know some I don't. AMEED AL-MASRI:,27:40:24>>>,Back then and until now I know people that despite everything that's going on and despite of everything that, that had happened they still have this they still have this um this stable point of view that wouldn't change during all this time that in order to um in order to reach a goal in order to um in order to express and um in order to. In order to convey a point of view of your own you should pursue the right means to do that. You should pursue the right way to do it. And um for them they have probably distinct point of views that are really unfamiliar and um different from the overall feeling in the streets and the overall um the overall point of views of the majority of the Palestinian of the Palestinian people but such people exist and probably some of them are nowadays speaking their, speaking their heads saying that this shouldn't be happening and there's other ways to ah there's other ways to, to reach but we want to. There's other ways to, to convey what we want to convey and express what we want to express. INTERVIEWER:,INAUDIBLE what do the people who aren't angry feel or don't believe in throwing stones? AMEED AL-MASRI:,29:39:02>>>,Ok um the fact that the mob. Ok the fact that most of the people that take this extreme point of view that take this extreme ah side of the story in which they um they would want to just let me rephrase this. AMEED AL-MASRI:,30:09:10>>>,The fact that these people um the fact that these people who happened to take the extreme side of the story are um are living in poverty this forms somehow motivation for them to ah to have all these rages and ah and angry feelings and ah drive them to and to feel how they feel. The modernist point of views are probably associated with people who had a stable somehow a stable life relatively at least and um these people were probably more educated, more brought up to the worldwide perceptive, to um they were probably familiar with what the other side thinks. They were just let's say more aware of people of what was going on. The fact that um the majority of the Palestinian people nowadays are living in poverty and are living in really harsh circumstances forms somehow an incentive for them to ah to somehow. AMEED AL-MASRI:,31:40:18>>>,Somehow forms and incentive for these people to think how they think and feel how they feel nobody can blame them for this because the surrounding atmosphere around them is not helping obviously. So this is what's leading the streets the Palestinian streets nowadays towards what we all see on the TV. INTERVIEWER:,INAUDIBLE AMEED AL-MASRI:,32:23:23>>>,At checking points I was, I didn't actually encounter them personally on my own until I was 15 years old and that was the time the anti fata the anti fata with axa started back in ah back on the 28th of September in the year of 2000. Before that I would if I would cross a checking point I would be in the car with my dad. I don't know what destination we would want to reach but that was mainly um my encounterment of a checking point but back when I was 15 there was a point in which I had to, to stand in a row or probably great stopped on a checking point and um I would be asked for my id, I would be asked to ah to I don't know to wait for a few hours until until all the until all the processes were over with. So there was one day I was going um to school from my city of Nubus to Ramala and um that was in 10th grade as far as I can remember. And um on my way to Ramala I got stopped at the checking point of ah of Ektibit (?) that's a small village next to Ramala. And um mainly I've been told that before this um before this situation happened that the solider the soldiers on this checking point are mainly young soldiers probably at the age of 18 and 19 and ah and so on. AMEED AL-MASRI:,34:22:03>>>,So these so what you can expect so the overall feeling among the drivers among the taxi cab drivers that these people are not helpful because they're young they're ah they're angry with what's going on. They're angry with ah with what Palestinians are doing and for that they wont be ah they're not willing to ah they're not willing to tolerate. So I get stopped by this checking point and um the solider comes to the window and he asks for id and everybody else had a piece of id except for me because I was 15 and at that age I was I want holding a piece of id cause the legal age is 16 to hold such piece of documentation. And um the soldiers asks ah ok who didn't give me his id. And I was like it's me because I don't have one. AMEED AL-MASRI:,35:31:18>>>,He goes like well do you have any other piece of documentation. And I was like sorry but I don't. He's like you don't have a birth certificate or anything. I was like no. So he asked me to step out of the car and that's what I did I stepped out of the car. And he tells me to um to go stand behind the, the jeep which was standing let's say 7, 8 meters in front of the taxi. And I stepped in I stepped behind the jeep and he comes to me and um he's like so you don't have any piece of id. And I was like no I don't. And suddenly he punches me in the face. That was a moment that I recall more than any other encounterments of my colleagues or more of any encounterments that I personally had it was, it was it was a situation in which I had some bad feelings you know I mean I've always seen myself as a moderate person and it felt unfair to be treated this way. Despite the fact that I never had some pure hatred or pure rage against against the other side. AMEED AL-MASRI:,36:59:18>>>,And he punches me in the face so I was like standing right there and I couldn't do nothing. The guy was probably a foot shorter than me probably this short. And his machine gun was probably the same length and I was standing there and I knew that I can't do anything. And um he was like what the hell are you staring at. I was like nothing. Probably I was like I felt pissed so I did (noise). He punched me again. And there was 2 soldiers in front inside of the jeep. And they were like ah asking him to, to get me inside of the jeep. So he's like step into the jeep and I was like no I'm not gonna step into the jeep. He's like I'm asking you to step into the jeep. I'm like I don't want to. So I get punched again and eventually I end up on the front seats of the jeep in which the other 2 soldiers were sitting and they took I have to say a few swings at my face and that was it until some other soldiers came and he was like guys what are you doing he's just a kid. AMEED AL-MASRI:,38:14:27>>>,And then I was letting I was let go. And um I just step back into the cab and I sit and I think about it like instantly and I was thinking where am I going. And I realized that I was going to school. I was like this is what I get for going to school but this is, this is what I go through to go to school. And I had this feeling of I had this feeling of you know sickness. I was fed up at that point and I wanted just to go back home and probably never go back to school again and just cuss everything and wonder why everything is happening this way. But some some side inside of me just just told me that go to school pretend this never happened. I mean there was nothing you could do and there was nothing that you could say just pretend it never happened and that's what I did. I totally forgot about it spontaneously and I ah I stepped back into the taxi and I continued my way to school and that was it.
**SEE PO-78TH FOR STORY INFORMATION**\n\n --SUPERS--\nThursday\nWashington\n\nKanye West\nRapper\n\n --SOT--\nKanye West/Rapper: "You know they tried to scare me to not wear this hat, my own friends ...
Rally "Justice for Nahel" after the release of the policeman (19 November 2023, Nanterre)
FRIENDS OF DON SHERWOOD 2006 AD / ADVERTISEMENT / COMMERCIAL "COUNT ON ME" TRT :30 "Rep. Don Sherwood, the Pennsylvania Republican accused of choking his former mistress, has issued a television ad in which he asks for forgiveness for the "mistake" he made which "nearly cost him" the love his wife and daughters. While saying that the "allegation of abuse was never true," Sherwood tells the voters of Pennsylvania's 10th congressional district that if they were to forgive him, he will stay focused on reducing taxes, creating jobs, and bringing home the district's fair share." Script of "Count on Me" (TV) (ON CAMERA) DON SHERWOOD: I made a mistake that nearly cost me the love of my wife Carolyn (sp) and our daughter. As a family we worked through this because of my deep regret, our love, and the fact that the allegation of abuse was never true. While I'm truly sorry for disappointing you, I never wavered from my commitment to reduce taxes, create jobs and bring hope our fair share. Should you for me, you can count of me to keep fighting hard for you and your family. I'm don Sherwood and I approve this message.
A06. HRN-3230 In: 05.19.52 Out: 05.20.42 Sound Bite: Paul Walker – on signing onto the first one Yeah when I signed onto the first one, there wasn’t even a screenplay. It was just an idea. (talks) Well I told them that I wanted to play an undercover cop and I liked the idea of racing cars and they came to me with the backdrop of modern day drag racing, it was a newspaper clipping, and I was like, that’s cool, I’ll do that. And uh my representatives were freaking out because they saw how excited I was, and they said you can’t sign on to something without a screenplay, and I’m like well watch me. And I did, because I was working with Rob Cohen again whom I’d worked with before; Neal Moritz who I consider a really good friend at that point. But the studio I felt really had my back. Scott Stuber was on board at Universal and a hand full of others and to me that was my home I already had worked with them a couple times and made me feel like a part of their family so I was like cool I’ll jump off the cliff with you guys.
PA-1978 1 inch; PA-2317 Beta SP
You and Your Family
Interviews with parents of suicide bombing victims pt 1
Interview with Seth and Sherri Mandell and other parents of people killed by suicide bombers talking about their experiences and grief learning of the deaths and how to cope afterwards., INTERVIEWER:,Please tell me your name. [OFF CAMERA COMMENTS] SETH MANDELL:,My name is Seth Mandell. S-e-t-h, M-a-n-d-e-l-l. I am the father of Koby Mandell, and the President of the Koby Mandell Foundation. SHERRI MANDELL:,I am Sherri Mandell. I am a mother and a I am a writer. [OFF CAMERA COMMENTS] INTERVIEWER:,What is your name? DANIEL MANDELL:,My name is Daniel Mandell, I am the brother of Koby Mandell, who was murdered by terrorists, in _____. I am thirteen years old, and I learn in school. EZRA KASSLER:,Ezra Kesler. E-z-r-a, K-e-s-s-l-e-r. INTERVIEWER:,And you are? EZRA KASSLER:,I am the father of Guila [PH] Sarah Kessler , who was blown up and fatally injured on the French Hill, on June 19th. AVIVAH RAZIEL:,I am Avivah Raziel, Ra-z-i-e-l (?) [OFF CAMERA COMMENTS] I'm Avivah Raziel, and my daughter, Mihal was sixteen years old, and she was blown up by a suicide bomber in the Pizzeria Sbarro, in the middle of Jerusalem, on August 9th, 2001. I am a nurse - registered. INTERVIEWER:,Seth, perhaps you - would you please-tell us the story of what happened to Koby, and how you first learned about it? 11:04:07>>> SETH MANDELL:,Koby and his friend, Josef Israh [PH], who were thirteen years old, left our house at 7:30 in the morning. And instead of going to school, went into a nearby canyon. At about 10 o'clock they were trapped by a group of Palestinian terrorists, in a small cave, and beaten to death with bowling ball size rocks. They were unidentifiable, except by their dental records. We noticed they were missing - we realized they were missing at about 8 o'clock at night. They were not discovered until 5 o'clock the next morning. And we were told what happened by a friend in our community, at 7 o'clock in the morning. Around us was our friends and family. It was a very nice, sunny morning. And our lives have never been the same. INTERVIEWER:,Sherri, is there something you would want to add to this, at this point? 11:05:13>>> SHERRI MANDELL:,We waited up all night. We thought Koby would come home. And we thought, because he was near our house, in the canyon nearby, we thought he would be okay. We thought he was lost, or he got hurt. And we just couldn't imagine that terrorism would kill him. INTERVIEWER:,How was the news brought to you? Who told you? SHERRI MANDELL:,All night there were lots of people at my house, and they kept saying to me, it's gonna be okay because he's your oldest teenager, and this is what they do. They do crazy things. And then once it turned dawn, and I knew it wasn't good that - the chances of him coming home were getting less and less. And I didn't want to be by the front door, because I didn't want to get the news. So I went to my - the backdoor. And I went almost into the backyard. And then a very good friend of mine came to me, and she said she had to tell me something. And she got the family together and she told us. She said that she didn't want the police to tell us. She wanted to be the one. And she said, she wanted to tell me with love. INTERVIEWER:,And did she? 11:06:44>>> SHERRI MANDELL:,She tried, but that kind of news, there's just no way to -to hear it. It's just something you can't hear. INTERVIEWER:,In the early hours of the evening, when you first realized that he was missing - he was missing for an unordinary amount of time, did you at first think that it was an accident, and not, as you later found out, an act of terrorism? Did you think for a while that he must have had an accident, or something had happened? SHERRI MANDELL:,The whole time we thought it was an accident. We - in fact there was a school trip that day on the news, where a boy had been hit by a branch that fell. And he was killed. And we went on the Internet that night, because Daniel was on a school trip, and we were worried about Daniel. Because they didn't say the boy's name. And then later, when Koby didn't come home, we just kept thinking something happened. But not terror. Because we couldn't allow that possibility. It was just - we couldn't allow that kind of pain and violence into our beings. It was just something so -horrible and atrocious, that you can't almost be human and live with it. INTERVIEWER:,What were your contacts with the local Arabs, until then? What was your interaction with them? 11:08:23>>> SETH MANDELL:,We really had very little contact with the Arab community around us. Although they are in very close proximity. Before the Palestinian Authority took control, there were regular meetings between the people at Tekoa, and the people in the neighboring Arab towns. And once they took control, the Palestinian Authority forbade that. So our only contact was really in terms of work situations with Arabs - working with us, working for us. There was not very much real human contact, I would say. Be that as it may, we had no bad feelings, bad emotions toward them. We viewed them as human beings, who were trying to get through, trying to get by, and we looked at ourselves as human beings who were trying to get through and trying to get by. INTERVIEWER:,Had Koby known any Arabs throughout his life? SETH MANDELL:,Not to speak of, that I know of, no. INTERVIEWER:,(Inaudible)? 11:09:26>>> DANIEL MANDELL:,Yes, he did Abba, the one that found the bird. SHERRI MANDELL:,Oh, yeah. INTERVIEWER: What happened, Daniel, with the one that found the bird? DANIEL MANDELL:,He was an Arab painter that was painting at our neighbor's house, before the new neighbors came in. And my bird flew away out of the house, and my mother went searching for him. So there was a very nice Arab next door, and she asked him, have you seen a bird, have you heard it? So then he said, no. And after a couple of minutes he called my mother and then she, she came in and he followed - he went through a yard, of people from the, from the settlement, looking for the bird. And he, and he listened to the noise that it was making, and by that he found it. INTERVIEWER:,What were your thoughts that night, that terrible night that - DANIEL MANDELL:,[OVERLAP] I had no idea. I was on a trip. And I didn't hear any news. INTERVIEWER:,So when did you find out? 11:10:27>>> DANIEL MANDELL:,In the morning. It was about 8:00, 8:15. So, ah, the teacher - we were on the bus, and then the teacher, the teacher got off the bus. Like she had her - her cell phone rang. And she got off the bus, and, ah, I'm trying to think. She got off the bus and she looked very, very worried. And she, she didn't say anything. And she got back on the bus. Then a couple of minutes later, so she, she said on the microphone, that there is a very bad situation in Tekoa. We have to go back. So we turned around. ,And everybody was asking her, what happened? What happened? So she said, two eighth graders were lost and they can't find them. So she asked how many of us have brothers and eighth graders. So, about five or six kids raised their hand. And then I got very, very worried and I started crying. So, everybody - all my friends that had brothers in eighth grade - so they came - they tried to comfort me. There was like - they said, it's not possible that it was your brother. He was supposed to go to a protest, and we're - all of his friends went to. And it's not possible that he was, that he was gonna, that he got lost, because he was with all his friends. And I didn't really listen to them, I continued crying. So then the teacher told me, everything that we know, we'll tell you. So, she got another telephone - cell phone call. She got off the bus. She called the driver and the [OFF CAMERA COMMENTS] - and the tour guide. They - all three of them got off the bus. They looked at the map. And the tour guide talked with my [OFF CAMERA COMMENTS] homeroom teacher, who is her mother. [OFF CAMERA COMMENTS] 11:12:41>>>,The teacher got off, the teacher got off the bus and she called the driver and the tour guide with her. And the tour guide's mother was my homeroom teacher. So, the teacher talked with the homeroom teacher on the phone. And she looked very worried. And then she gave the phone to the -to the tour guide. And they, they - it looked like they were about to cry. And then they got back on the bus. And the teacher, after like a minute, the teacher took - said - told me again, we'll tell you everything that we have to tell, and that we have to say. And then I kept on crying. And they stopped the bus. And they called me to come - to go off the bus. And then they took me into -[OFF CAMERA COMMENTS] they took me into the orchards. And they told me, we took you here - the teacher and the tour guide told me, we took you here so you would be able to take it naturally. They took you here - we took you here to give - to tell you this in a natural way. So, we're gonna tell you it. And they told me that my brother died. So I asked them, how, why, what happened? And I started yelling, no I don't want this life, I don't want this to happen. I don't let - and all kinds of stuff. And then I laid there on the ground for a couple of minutes. And then I said, fine we're gonna get back onto the bus and we're going to get home. 11:14:29>>>,So, we got back onto the bus, and then we stopped a couple of times along the way. And then when we got to a certain point, on the way home - so, I already finished crying. And it was pretty close to the settlement. And I didn't want to go home, because I was afraid to come home to the crying. And I didn't want to - I had already finished my crying for two hours, the whole ride. I didn't stop crying. By then I already stopped crying. And I don't want to go home to the cries, and to see my parents so sad. And - but we continued driving. And when I got home, so - in the entrance to our settlement - so there's a big parking lot. And that's the closest parking lot to my home. So the bus went there, and I , I was sitting at the front of the bus. So through the windshield - so I saw at least ninety, to a hundred and fifty camera people standing in the - filling up the, the parking lot. And then the tour guide's father, who was my home teacher's husband, ah, saw the bus coming, and so he ran to the bus. And then they let me off. And then he, he hugged me and he just took me right home. And there was one camerawoman that I remember, that she, she kept on coming after us. And the guy that was - who was taking me home tried to kick her away. And then she just - he just told her, get away from here. You're not supposed to be here anymore. And then when I got home - so there were all kinds of people waiting there, and I went upstairs and my parents talked to me, and that's it. INTERVIEWER:,Okay. Thank you. [OFF CAMERA COMMENTS] Avivah, I know this happened on a Thursday afternoon. And I know the place - why had -first, I know you explained that (Inaudible). Can you just tell me, in two or three sentences, (Inaudible) and what happened, and why she had gone there? What happened? 11:17:22>>>, AVIVAH RAZIEL:,I heard the news at 2 o'clock, I was at work. And I heard there had been an explosion in this bar/restaurant. And the first thing I said was, I'm sure there must have been a lot of young people there, because it's a place where young people love to go. And it's also in the middle of the of the - it's on a holiday, and I know that the kids love going there. I had no idea where Mihal was, that day. And I woke up for work in the morning, and everybody was still asleep. I only found out that nobody knows where she is, it's about 4 o'clock when I got home from work. And I heard that her friends had been looking for her. And we, we were calling up her friends, and nobody knew where she was. And afterwards I heard that the friend of a - another one of her friends had called them on the cell phone, to fix up a meeting with them in Sbarro.,So then I started getting worried. I didn't find out, I didn't see Mihal until about 7:30 in the evening, in Shaare Zedek where we'd gone to look for her. And here we found her, she was in the morgue. And I had to go and identify her. That's, that's where I found her. That's where I saw her. She had just gone down with friends, to have a pizza and have a coke. She loved Coca-Cola. And -that was it. The suicide bomber walked in with a guitar on his back, full of explosives, and he just exploded it, and she was standing in line, very close to where he was. INTERVIEWER:,[OFF CAMERA COMMENTS] What has been the overall effect on your life, in the period of time, since this terrible event happened? How has it effected you, and how has it changed your life, the way you look at things and the way you feel? 11:19:28>>> AVIVAH RAZIEL:,It's very difficult to, to pinpoint how this, how this has effected my life. First of all, Mihal and me, Mihal and me lived alone at home. Because my older three children were married and away from there. So, I was alone at home. And my whole life turned over. And secondly, dealing with my family changed. IT was much more important to me - it had always been important, but it was much more important for me to be close to my kids, to know exactly what was going on, to be involved in my grandchildren, and not to miss out on anything that's happening with them. I was never a very panicky mother, but I've become much more of a panicky mother. I have to know where my children are. I have to know when they - even though they married and they don't live at home, I have to know if they go away, when they go away, that they've arrived, that they've come back. INTERVIEWER:,Excuse me but, you have said before that you found out at 2 o'clock, that it happened at 2 o'clock, and that by 4 o'clock you were worried. To an outsider who doesn't live here, that would seem like you started worrying pretty quickly. Because you said, now you have to know where your children are. But you really only waited two hours, in the first place, before this happened. Does this speak to what life is like here, in general? 11:20:54>>> AVIVAH RAZIEL:,When something happens, you don't immediately think that, anything's gonna happen to you. So, no, I didn't worry abut Mihal. I was concerned. But I didn't know - first of all, I didn't know where Mihal was. So I didn't - I wasn't worried. And I was - I was concerned because she didn't answer her cell phone, and she is connected to her cell phone like my ear is connected to me, more or less. And - but again, it wasn't worrying because people said, you know, the lines fall down, and when I got home - and I, I asked my daughter, you know, what do you think? Should we call her friends? And she said, no use calling her friends, because the friends are calling here, because they don't know where she is. And -by the time 4 o'clock, 4:30 came around, I asked her, you know, do you think we should start calling the hospitals? She said, yes, I think we should. And THEN is when my switch sort of started - my feelings started switching over to a different degree of worry. But I still wasn't, wasn't very worried. I wasn't frightened yet. ,As the time went by, I went to Shaare Zedek and-Mihal was killed with a very good friend of hers named Malki-and Malki's mother and I went to to look, to see whether they have any information. I was sitting in Shaare Zedek and nobody had any information. At 6:15, I turned around to one of the social workers, I said to her, you know, we haven't heard anything until now, and it doesn't look good, does it? And she said, no. But I got down to identify her in a morgue. It was, I don't know what time it was, quarter past seven, or something like that. INTERVIEWER:,Do you now avoid the area where this happened? AVIVAH RAZIEL:,I went down to Sbarro once, afterwards. Just -you know, like it's being in a car accident, and you have to get into a car as soon as possible? So I went down to the spot, to downtown, and I walked into Sbarro once, and I looked. They, they have this memorial plaque, a very tiny memorial plaque on the wall. NO names mentioned, nothing, just, this is in memory of the people who were killed here. I haven't been down to Sbarro since. I hardly go downtown. I go downtown, only when it's very, very important when I have to go down. I am frightened. If I go to meet a friend for coffee, I will go - not into the center of town. I will go in the periphery, find somewhere I feel is more safer - is more safe. INTERVIEWER:,Do you dream about Mihal? 11:23:25>>> AVIVAH RAZIEL:,Not very often. I would like to. But not - I don't dream about her very often. I would like to dream about her more often, because it's a way of, of bringing her closer to me sort of. Of having, you know, still something to do with her - still being part of my life. But I don't dream about her a lot. INTERVIEWER:,Do you talk about her? AVIVAH RAZIEL:,I talk about her all the time. And if I'm in conversation with somebody who doesn't know me, or doesn't know what happened, I will always try to put it into the conversation. I want people to know - I want as many people to know as possible. INTERVIEWER:,Have there been any things that people have said, that you have reacted to, strongly, that you found insensitive? AVIVAH RAZIEL:,People are insensitive, but are insensitive not on purpose. People - you don't know what it's like, you don't know what it's like to lose a child, until you've lost a child. So people have very good intentions. But sometimes it comes out wrong. INTERVIEWER:,Can you give me an example? AVIVAH RAZIEL:,I can give you a very good example. INTERVIEWER:,Okay. 11:24:31>>> AVIVAH RAZIEL:,Friends phone up and say, how, how are you? And I say, not so good. The worst question they can do is answer why - is ask why. So, what am I gonna say, because Mihal was killed in a murder attack, last year, remember? And today I'm feeling a bit rotten. So, that is a question that, if I'm in a bad mood, it will, you know, it'll - it'll make me explode in the wrong way. INTERVIEWER:,What have you done to try to keep the memory of what happened to Mihal alive? What have you done? Do you do things - do you find yourself doing things along the lines of -this is what Mihal would have wanted? AVIVAH RAZIEL:,Yes. INTERVIEWER:,Could you give an example? AVIVAH RAZIEL:,Um, first of all, to keep Mihal's memory alive, I don't have to do anything, because Mihal is with me all the time. It's with her clothes, in the cupboard, it's in the room - it's us - it's us all the time. We still live Mihal. She will always be with us. She will always be with me. She will always be with my daughters. She will always be with all of us. I forgot what you asked. INTERVIEWER:,I asked, what you do to keep her memory alive? 11:25:55>>> AVIVAH RAZIEL:,Oh, right. If we do anything, um - Mihal was a very happy child, a very, um, full of smiles, very helpful, but a very happy child. So, anything we do in her memory, I try to say, I don't do it in her memory, I do it in her honor. Like the Yarzheit when we, when we commemorated the year after she was killed. We went to the cemetery, and then we came home, and we had a meal for all our family; for Mihal's aunts and uncles, cousins and grandparents who were still alive. And I said, that this meal is in her honor, and not in her memory. She was a sixteen-year-old child. You don't do things in memory, you do things in honor, you do things to bring her alive. Not, you know, in her memory. So we had all her favorite foods in that meal. And we sang songs, and we made jokes, and that is, that is how we live, and that is how we remember her. INTERVIEWER:,What about your thoughts around the possibility of peace, versus not, when you think about how things turned out? You know, it's now been a while that this intifada has gone on. Do you feel that there are any prospects for peace here? 11:27:18>>> AVIVAH RAZIEL:,My thoughts about if there's going to be any peace or not, are very,, doubtful. My feeling is that, that the Palestinians don't want us here. Whatever we do, they have always said, and they always will say, they do not want us here. There have been terrorist attacks from the time that Jews have been living here in Israel. Always. And the message has always been, we don't want you here. They say it, we don't want you here. So, I don't know. I think there has to be a solution, some sort of solution. Because we're gonna stay, and they're not going anywhere. But what the solution is, I don't know. INTERVIEWER:,Do you see all Palestinians as finding the Jewish presence here, intolerable? And could you please answer in a full sentence. AVIVAH RAZIEL:,I don't think all the Palestinians find our presence here intolerable. But I think that they've been taken over by a group of people who do think that. And I think that they are the ones who are - they are the ones who make the noise, and make the sounds, and lead the people, lead the people on. And maybe they don't - maybe not all the people believe in this and think that's the way they should live, but, but facts speak for themselves just now. INTERVIEWER:,So, you think it's the leadership? 11:28:47>>> AVIVAH RAZIEL:,I think it's the leadership. I think it's the, the, um -the terrorist organizations, who, who, who put fear into the people as well. INTERVIEWER:,So if the people were not afraid, do you think that they would, they would want to go in a different direction? That they would be willing to accept the presence of Jerusalem? AVIVAH RAZIEL:,I think that if the terrorist attacks would stop, I think that if the people like the Hamas would, would not put terror into the people, and give the people more, more what to say, more opportunity to say their thing, I don't think that we would find an overall amount of people against peace. I don't think so. INTERVIEWER:,Are there any circumstances under which you can envisions two states, in this part of the world, coexisting, side by side? AVIVAH RAZIEL:,As long as the terrorist attacks say, we don't want you here, we will fight against you, against any peace talks, there's no chance of anything. NTERVIEWER:,And if they stop? 11:29:55>>> AVIVAH RAZIEL:,If they stop forever, then there's a chance. INTERVIEWER:,But of course we couldn't wait for that, so we would have to decide, after a period of time, whether or not they had really stopped. If there are two states, then -doesn't that mean that state might be on the land that you presently live in? Because the talk about two states always involves an adjustment, in terms of a settlement. So, you know, -you know, this - ____ is included in that discussion. Although it may seem unrealistic. But, but - like when people talk about, about two states, and you know, I welcome a response (Inaudible) -how does one have two states? And then the question is put to you, okay, but then you have to move. Can you even envision that? AVIVAH RAZIEL:,I suppose that's part of the question. INTERVIEWER:,Yes. AVIVAH RAZIEL:,That's part of the question that has to be settled. I, I think that where we're sitting, that's where we're sitting. I think that we have to, to get to that point in the solution. INTERVIEWER:,So, my question to you - and please answer as you may wish, if I told you - if you were told that peace is a reality, that peace is possible, if the answer is yes, we will make no more claims on the part of Israel that you live in. We will live with you side-by-side, as a free state, and we will end all the quests - we won't even have refugees come back here, but you have to find another place to live in the Israel that you've agreed to. Could you - would it be worth it to do that, as a price for peace? For real peace? AVIVAH RAZIEL:,I don't know. I don't know the answer to that. INTERVIEWER:,(Inaudible) AVIVAH RAZIEL:,No, I don't even want to talk about it. [LAUGHTER] [OFF CAMERA COMMENTS] INTERVIEWER:,After this happened, do you think you could ever trust any Palestinian? 11:32:15>>> AVIVAH RAZIEL:,At this moment in my life, I don't think I can trust any Palestinian. AT this moment in my life. INTERVIEWER:,Are you saying, then, that it's also a question of how much time must elapse before you - in other words, do you think that some day you could? AVIVAH RAZIEL:,Maybe some day I could, ah, I could trust a Palestinian again. I don't know the answer to that. It depends on a lot of things. INTERVIEWER:,Thank you very much. [OFF CAMERA COMMENTS] Sherri you wanted to make a comment, an observation? 11:33:29>>> SHERRI MANDELL:,Last week I went to the hospital to give out presents to children. I gave them out to children who were on the emergency unit, and who were, who were on the dialysis unit. And as I was giving out the presents, I was giving them out to the children, and there were Jewish children there, and there were Arab children there. I was just giving them out to the children. And then I saw that they were Arab children, and I thought, these are the people - these are the people who killed Koby. These are Palestinians. And I thought, what do I do? Do I give them the present? And I thought, I have to give them a present, because I have to find - I have to stay loving and generous and kind. And that, that was really important to me. INTERVIEWER:,Do you think that if you show them that you're loving, generous, and kind, that you'll influence their behavior? SHERRI MANDELL:,No. Not at - I don't think that I will influence their behavior. I'm not really doing it for them. I'm doing it for me. Because I want to stay open, and loving, and generous. And I don't want terrorism to take my heart away. INTERVIEWER:,Ezra? EZRA KASSLER:,Yeah. INTERVIEWER:,Would you please tell us what happened to your (Inaudible)? Just start out the story. 11:35:01>>> EZRA KASSLER:,All right. Guila was serving in the National Service, instead of army service. She was nineteen years old. And she lives in a part of Israel settlement called, Ali. And she called her mother up and said, I'm gonna come home a little earlier tonight. And she asked her mother to make a nice salad for her, because she liked salad. And I think she went to the market, to the souk to get some vegetables. And she went where they get rides for people leaving towards North Jerusalem settlements, and Ma'Ale Adumim. And she was standing there with a group of people. And the homicide bomber jumped out of his car, ran right up in front of her, and exploded himself with, I don't know, maybe ten thousand nails, screws, and little balls to, to increase the effect of the, of the murder. Seven people were killed, including a grandmother who was cut right in half. I saw the picture. And her - and a grandchild. She lived to make it to the hospital, Ein Kerem Hospital, where it's on tape, that the, she died, in the middle of trying to, somehow, save her. That's the story. I was in Brooklyn, I was in New York at the time. INTERVIEWER:,What was it like to find out this had happened when you were so far away? 11:36:50>>> EZRA KASSLER:,On a personal level? On a personal level, I knew what goes on in Israel. I know the violence that goes on here. And my own personal feeling, I had some kind of feeling that something like this might happen. As soon as I called my wife in Israel, and I usually do that when - there would be terrorist attacks. The day before there was a terrorist attack - and Gilo - nineteen people were killed. A bus blew up. I called home, and my ex-wife said, they're looking for Gila. They're calling on her mobile phone, and there's no answer. When I heard that, I knew she was dead. D-e-a-d. There wasn't a question in my mind. She was a good soul, couldn't hurt anyone, always smiled. And that's the difference between us and them. INTERVIEWER:,What is the difference? 11:37:56>>> EZRA KASSLER:,Exactly that. That she was a harmless soul, and only goodness came - couldn't even hurt a, a insect. What is the opposite of that? That can be left to your imagination. That is the difference between them and between us. In my opinion, of course. INTERVIEWER:,Now, you came to Israel a long time ago. EZRA KASSLER:,[OVERLAP] Yeah. INTERVIEWER:,And you've been here for many years. I would like to know how you feel, (Inaudible) to answer the question, but -do you think it would have, you know, what happened, happened. But you came to a place, and in the abstract we know that - EZRA KASSLER:,Yeah. INTERVIEWER:,..things could happen. But how do you feel about what happened, knowing that life might have taken a different turn, had you stayed in America? EZRA KASSLER:, You mean, me, as a child? Because I came, I came here when I was seventeen years old. INTERVIEWER:,You lost a child to terrorists here, in the Middle East. Whether or not your child might have lost her life, in some other way, in America, no one can know. EZRA KASSLER:,Right. INTERVIEWER:,You made this decision, how do you feel about your decision to live in Israel, when weighing it against this terrible, terrible tragedy? 11:39:18>>> EZRA KASSLER:,Well I made that decision a long time before I came. I made that decision speaking to a, a soldier that won the highest medal of bravery in the Israel Defense Forces in 1973. And when he told his story, how in battles in the Sinai, a miraculous story of what he went through, and that he almost - he was in a situation - he was almost - I mean, it was completely miraculous, where they were aiming - the Egyptians aimed their rifles at this man, and he - with a hand grenade, pulled his teeth out. Because it's not like in Hollywood, you just put the hand grenade in your mouth and you pull out the pin. His teeth came out, his front teeth. He threw the hand grenade and killed - he said, they were standing, they froze. And this wasn't a religious man. He said, in my opinion, this was a miracle. Because he, he was outnumbered. And the guys in his armored personnel carrier were killed around him. And he said, one thing you should know, prepare to be strong, prepare for war. That was a miracle, there. I believe in God. I'm not wearing a skullcap. But he, he felt a divine presence of, of Hashem [PH]. And I said, for this guy, I'm gonna live in Israel. I was seven - I was, sixteen years old, at the time. And I did. I came to Israel. And that's my reason for coming to Israel. INTERVIEWER:,In other words, not withstanding everything that happened to you - EZRA KASSLER:,Yeah. INTERVIEWER:,-you're still very happy that you made the decision to live here. 11:40:57>>> EZRA KASSLER:,The Jewish people did not have a choice. We probably, if there wasn't a holocaust, and there weren't pogroms in Arab countries, and murders in Egypt and Tripoli, and Damascus [PH], and Baghdad, then Jews would have stayed in those countries. Many left because, all throughout our history the Jewish people turned to Zion. They turned to the Holy Temple - to the Temple Mount. So that's a connection that all Jews have, I think. Most Jews. And, um -,[OFF CAMERA COMMENTS]
Cape Town, South Africa. <br/> <br/>Various shots of Princess Elizabeth (later Queen Elizabeth II) seated at table on tree shaded lawn, speaking into microphone. Natural sound: "......21st Birthday I welcome the opportunity to speak to all the people of the British Commonwealth of Nations wherever they live, whatever race they come from, and whatever language they speak. Let me begin by thanking all the thousands of kind people who have sent me messages of good will. This is a happy day to me, but it is also one that brings serious thought, thoughts of life looming ahead, with all its challenges, and with all its opportunity. At such a time, it is a great help to know that there are multitudes of friends all round the world who are thinking of me and who wish me well. I am grateful and I am deeply moved. As I speak today from Cape Town, I am 6,000 miles from the country where I was born, but I am certainly not 6,000 miles from home. Everywhere I have travelled in these lovely lands of South Africa and Rhodesia, my parents, my sister and I, have been taken to the hearts of their people and made to feel that we are just as much at home here as if we have lived with them all our lives. That is a great privilege belonging to our place in the world wide Commonwealth, that there are homes ready to welcome us in every continent of the earth. Before I am much older I hope I shall come to know many of them. Although there is none of my father's subjects from the oldest to the youngest whom I do not wish to greet, I am thinking especially today of all the young men and women who were born about the same time as myself, and have grown up like me in terrible and glorious years of the Second World War. Will you, the youth of the British family of nations, let me speak on my birthday as your representative. Now that we are coming to manhood and womanhood it is surely a great joy to us to think that we shall be able to take some of the burdens off the shoulders of our elders who have fought and worked and suffered to protect our childhood. We must not be daunted by the anxieties and hardships that the war has left behind in every nation of our Commonwealth. We know that these things are the price that we cheerfully undertook to pay for the high honour of standing alone seven years ago, in defence of the liberty of the world. Let us say with Rupert Brook: "Now God be thanked who has matched us with his hour". I am sure that you will see our difficulties in the light that I see them, as the great opportunity for you and me. Most of you have read in the history book the proud saying of William Pitt, that England has saved herself by her exertions and would save Europe by her example, but in our time we may say that the British Empire has saved the world fist and has now to save itself after the battle is won. I think that is even a fine thing than was done in the days of Pitt, and it is for us who have grown up in these years of danger and glory to see that it is accomplished in the long years of peace that we all hope, stretch ahead. If we all go forward together with an unwavering faith, a high courage and a quiet heart, we shall be able to make of this old Commonwealth, that we all love so dearly, an even grander thing, more free, more prosperous, more happy and a more powerful influence and good in the world, than it has been in the greatest days of our forefathers. To accomplish that, we must give nothing less than the whole of ourselves, that is the motto which has been born by many of my ancestors, a noble motto, "I Serve". Those words were an inspiration to many bygone heirs to the throne when they made their knightly dedication when they came to manhood. I cannot quite do as they did but through the invention of science, I can do what was not possible by any of them. I can make my solemn act of dedication with the whole Empire with me, I should like to make that dedication now, it is very simple: I declare before you all that my whole life whether it be long or short, shall be devoted to your service and to the service of our great imperial family to which we all belong, but I shall not have strength to carry out this resolution alone, unless you join in it with me, which I now invite you to do. I know that your support will be unfailingly given. God help me to make good my vow, and God bless all of you who are willing to share with me." <br/> <br/> Repetition from "through the invention to science...unfailingly given." <br/> <br/>(F.G. Comb. Print) (Re-recorded Sound Track in UN 1667 Tin 2.) <br/> <br/>Note - date in the old record 22/04/1947.