The pits, June-December 1941
A2 / France 2
LATVIA: NAZI WAR CRIMES IN LATVIA (V)
TAPE_NUMBER: EF00/1045 IN_TIME: 18:53:53 LENGTH: 02:03 SOURCES: APTN RESTRICTIONS: FEED: VARIOUS (THE ABOVE TIME-CODE IS TIME-OF-DAY) SCRIPT: Voice and effects XFA Prosecutors from seven countries compared evidence on Nazi war crimes in Latvia, particularly the Rumbula killing field, at an official meeting in the capital Riga. The main targets of the conference are 86-year-old Konrads Kalejs and 87-year-old Karlis Ozols, who are both currently living in Australia. Representatives from Britain, Canada, Germany, Israel, Russia, Australia and the U-S discussed the investigation into the suspected World War Two criminals. If Kalejs or Ozols were indicted, extradited and put on trial, it would be the first time an alleged Nazi would face a Latvian court on genocide charges since the Baltic state regained independence. VOICE OVER: 0002 Most passers-by would hardly recognize this as the site of one of the worst atrocities of the Nazi era. In just two days in 1941, some 25-thousand Jews were put to death here, on the outskirts of Latvia's capital Riga. During the 1941-1944 Nazi occupation , ninety per cent of Latvia's 90-thousand Jews perished. 0022 On November 30th 1941 the Nazis, swept into the Jewish ghetto, roused men, women and children, and forced them onto the cobblestone streets. The victims, walked through the ghetto's barbed wire gates to Rumbula, 6 miles away. Stripped naked, they were beaten one by one. 0038 Then each was shot in the back of the head. German S-S officers boasted they'd used 25-thousand bullets at Rumbula - this was one bullet per murder 0048 59 years after, the hunt for Nazi killers is still on. 0052 At the meeting on Friday between prosecutors from seven countries, attention was focused on the Rumbula killing field. The main targets of the conference were Konrads Kalejs and Karlis Ozols. Both were allegedly officers in a Nazi death squad involved in various massacres, including those at Rumbula. One purpose of the conference was to scrutinize the strength of Latvia's evidence against Kalejs and determine if it met international legal standards. 0117 But Jewish groups say Latvia has not done enough to confront this period of its history. Their demand is straightforward - Kalejs and others should be tried in court, legal technicalities or not. 0129 SOUNDBITE: (English) "We don't forget, we don't forgive. And it is good that now we speak about Kalejs and people of this kind. I cannot call them people because in my vision they are not people - they're animals." SUPER CAPTION: Carmela Skorik 0151 Prosecutors signaled earlier this year that they were close to indicting Kalejs, based on the evidence that he served as a Nazi guard at the Salaspils concentration camp near Riga. SHOTLIST: Rumbula/Riga, Latvia - September 15, 2000 - APTN Rumbula, Latvia 0000 Wide shot of Riga-Moscow highway 0006 Mid shot of sign for Rumbula car market 0010 Mid shot pine forest in Rumbula, site of the 1941 massacre 0114 Mid shot memorial stone 0118 Close up of memorial stone File - 1941 0022 Various black and white footage of Nazis entering Baltic towns, being greeted by some of the locals 0038 Various of synagogue destruction Riga, Latvia 0048 Wide shot Riga 0052 Mid shot conference participants arrive 0056 Close up plaque 0100 Wide shot of the beginning of the conference 0107 Mid shot participants 0111 Close up of participants 0114 Wide shot Janis Maizitis, Prosecutor General of Latvia speaks 0117 Wide shot Riga streets 0121 Mid shot sign "Jews in Latvia" Museum 0125 Setup of Carmela Skorik, Riga's Jewish theatre director 0129 SOUNDBITE: (English) Carmela Skorik, Riga's Jewish theatre director 0151 Wide shot prosecutors 0157 Wide shot memorial stone in Rumbula VISION ENDS 0203?
LATVIA: NAZI WAR CRIMES IN LATVIA
TAPE_NUMBER: EF00/1043 IN_TIME: 09:30:05 // 12:23:44 - 15:18:03 LENGTH: 03:14 SOURCES: APTN RESTRICTIONS: FEED: VARIOUS (THE ABOVE TIME-CODE IS TIME-OF-DAY) SCRIPT: English/Nat XFA Prosecutors from seven countries compared evidence on Nazi war crimes in Latvia, particularly the Rumbula killing field, at an official meeting in the capital Riga. The main targets of the conference are 86-year-old Konrads Kalejs and 87-year-old Karlis Ozols, who are both currently living in Australia. Representatives from Britain, Canada, Germany, Israel, Russia, Australia and the U-S discussed the investigation into the suspected World War Two criminals. The old pine forest is now circled by car dealerships and littered with abandoned tires and scrap metal. Most passers-by would hardly recognize it as site of one of the worst atrocities of the Nazi era. In just two days in 1941 some 25-thousand Jews were put to death here, on the outskirts of Latvia's capital Riga, just off a busy four-lane highway to Moscow. During the 1941-1944 Nazi occupation, 90 per cent of Latvia's 90-thousand Jews perished. The Rumbula massacres stood out in their gruesome assembly line efficiency. On November 30 1941 the Nazis, including Germans and Latvians, swept into the Jewish ghetto, roused men, women and children, and forced them onto the cobblestone streets. To lull people into cooperating in their own death march, they were told they were being sent to a new camp and to pack a suitcase, according to the director of Riga's Jewish museum. The victims, many who were aware they were doomed, walked through the ghetto's barbed wire gates to Rumbula, 6 miles away. Stripped naked, they were beaten and kicked through a gauntlet, one by one, to the pits. Then each was shot in the back of the head. German SS officers bragged they'd used 25-thousand bullets at Rumbula. This was a bullet per murder, according to the Latvian-American historian Andrew Ezergailis, the leading expert on Nazi atrocities in Latvia. 59 years after, the hunt for Nazi killers is still on. At the meeting on Friday between prosecutors from seven countries, who were invited by Latvia to compare evidence on war crimes, attention was focused on the Rumbula killing field. The main targets of the conference are Konrads Kalejs and Karlis Ozols. Both reportedly were officers in the Arajs Kommando, a Nazi death squad staffed mostly by Latvians and involved in various massacres, including those at Rumbula. Kalejs and Ozols now live in Australia and have denied involvement. Latvian prosecutors have been preparing war crimes charges against Kalejs based on evidence he served as a guard at a Nazi concentration camp at Salaspils, a few miles from Rumbula. SOUNDBITE: (Latvian) "The conference itself can not influence the juridical status of Konrads Kalejs. His status will change only when he is charged. As of now, he's not charged. We asked our colleagues to provide some additional evidence on the case." SUPER CAPTION: Janis Maizitis, Prosecutor General of Latvia One purpose of the conference was to scrutinize the strength of Latvia's evidence against Kalejs and determine if it met international legal standards. SOUNDBITE: (English) "I'm just pleased to be here and impressed with the amount of work that the Latvian government has been doing on these matters and on behalf of Canada we are willing to offer complete cooperation with any materials that we can provide and so on." SUPER CAPTION: Max Walpert, Department of Justice of Canada If Kalejs or Ozols were indicted, extradited and put on trial, it would be the first time an alleged Nazi would face a Latvian court on genocide charges since the Baltic state regained independence. Jewish groups say Latvia did not do enough to honestly confront this period of its history. They demand is straightforward - Kalejs and others should be tried in court, legal technicalities or not. SOUNDBITE: (English) "We don't forget, we don't forgive. And it is good that now we speak about Kalejs and people of this kind. I can not call them people because in my mind they are not people - they're animals. If we speak about it and this person now does not feel comfortable - it is good." SUPER CAPTION: Carmela Skorik Prosecutors signaled earlier this year that they were close to indicting Kalejs based on the evidence that he served as a Nazi guard at the Salaspils concentration camp near Riga. But they later said they needed to investigate the matter further. SHOTLIST: Rumbula/Riga, Latvia - September 15, 2000 - APTN Rumbula, Latvia 1. Mid shot of sign for Rumbula car market 2. Wide shot of Riga-Moscow highway 3. Mid shot pine forest in Rumbula, site of the 1941 massacre 4. Mid shot memorial stone 5. Close up of memorial stone File - 1941 6. Various black and white footage of Nazis entering Baltic towns, being greeted by some of the locals 7. Various of synagogue destruction Riga, Latvia 8. Wide shot Riga 9. Mid shot conference participants arrive 10. Close up plaque 11. Wide shot of the beginning of the conference 12. Mid shot participants 13. Close up of participants 14. Wide shot Janis Maizitis, Prosecutor General of Latvia speaks 15. Close up of documents 16. SOUNDBITE: (Latvian) Janis Maizitis, Prosecutor General of Latvia 17. Wide shot conference 18. SOUNDBITE: (English) Max Walpert, Department of Justice of Canada 19. Wide shot Riga streets 20. Mid shot sign "Jews in Latvia" Museum 21. Setup of Carmela Skorik, Riga's Jewish theatre director 22. SOUNDBITE: (English) Carmela Skorik, Riga's Jewish theatre director 23. Wide shot memorial stone in Rumbula ?
Worldwide Kalejs Obit - File of alleged Nazi war criminal Konrad Kalejs, who has died in Australia
TAPE: EF01/0786 IN_TIME: 04:35:07 DURATION: 2:29 SOURCES: APTN/CBC/AuBC/CH9/APTN RESTRICTIONS: DATELINE: Various, File. SHOTLIST: FILE - Toronto, Canada - 18 August 1997 CBC 1. Various of Konrad Kalejs being informed he must leave Canada FILE - London, England - 6 January 2000 APTN 2. Konrad Kalejs walking through airport with police escort to catch flight to Australia FILE - Melbourne, Australia - 7 January 2000 AuBC 3. Various night shots of car containing Konrad Kalejs concealed under blanket in passenger seat, having been collected from airport on arrival in Australia FILE - Riga, Latvia - 15 September 2000 APTN 4. Wide shot of Riga skyline 5. Mid shot of Latvian Procurature and people entering for conference on Nazi war criminals in Latvia, including Kalejs 6. Close up plaque on wall outside 7. Wide shot beginning of meeting 8. Mid shot prosecutors 9. General view Riga street FILE - Melbourne, Australia - 7 January 2000 CH9 THIS MATERIAL IS MUTE 10. Various of Kalejs being shown out of plane on arrival in Australia and shielding his face from waiting press FILE - Rumbula, Latvia - 15 September 2000 APTN 11. Various shots of memorial stone to Jews who died in Second World War massacre in Rumbula in which Kalejs is accused of taking part FILE - Baltic states - 1941 APTN PLEASE NOTE: MATERIAL IS MUTE 12. Various black and white footage of Nazis entering Baltic towns and being greeted by locals 13. Various of a synagogue and it being blown up FILE - 1940s CH9 14. Various stills of Kalejs as a young man STORYLINE: Suspected Nazi war criminal Konrad Kalejs has died in a nursing home in the southern Australian city of Melbourne, the government announced on Friday, bringing to an end a long battle to extradite him to Latvia to stand trial for genocide. 88-year-old Kalejs, who had been diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease and cancer, died on Thursday afternoon. The exact cause of death was not immediately released. Had he been extradited, Kalejs would have been the first suspected Nazi collaborator tried in Latvia since the country regained independence after the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union. He was accused of being a guard at the Salaspils concentration camp near the Latvian capital, Riga, where Jews and Russian prisoners of war were executed, tortured or died of malnutrition. Kalejs denied the allegations. Jewish and human rights groups also say Kalejs was an officer in the Arajs Kommando, a Nazi-sponsored death squad responsible for the murder of some 30-thousand Latvian Jews. He last appeared in court on October 23, when he was wheeled in on a hospital trolley as his lawyers asked a judge to refuse Latvia's extradition request on technical grounds after a magistrate ordered in May this year that he be extradited. Repeated pleas by his lawyers to halt the extradition proceedings because of Kalejs' frail health were rejected at earlier hearings. Kalejs migrated to Australia in 1950 and took citizenship. He would have become the first Australian citizen extradited to face war crimes charges. Australian authorities said there was insufficient evidence against him to put him on trial in Australia, and Latvia only charged him under mounting international pressure. Details of Kalejs' funeral and surviving family members were not immediately available. Kalejs has a history of being hounded out of country after country for alleged war crimes. He had gone to Canada on a visitor's visa in 1994 after being deported from the United States, where he had lived for more than three decades, after being accused of being a war criminal. He was then ordered to leave Canada three years later in August 1997, accused by the Canadian government of war crimes, and headed back to Australia. He also lived in a retirement home in England for six months before Nazi hunters tracked him down and he returned once more to Australia in January 2000. Then in September 2000, prosecutors from seven countries met in the Latvian capital, Riga, to compare evidence on Nazi war crimes in Latvia, in particular the infamous killing fields of Rumbula, six miles (nine kilometres) outside Riga. Here in the space of just two days in 1941, some 25-thousand Latvian Jews were put to death in a pine forest. The site is now marked by a memorial to the victims. Kalejs and another man, 87-year-old Karlis Ozols, were the main focus of the investigation in various massacres, including Rumbula, and extradition procedures were begun against both men.
Australia Kalejs - Reaction to death of suspected Nazi war criminal/File.
TAPE: EF01/0786 IN_TIME: 07:33:06 DURATION: 3:42 SOURCES: APTN/CBC/CH9/AuBC RESTRICTIONS: DATELINE: Various - 9 Nov 2001 FILE SHOTLIST: FILE - Melbourne - 23 October, 2001 Source: Unspecified Australian network 1. Various of Konrad Kalejs on hospital trolley being taken out of ambulance and into court building for extradition hearing (last public appearance) Melbourne - 9 November, 2001 AuBc 2. Set up shot Nina Bassat, President of Executive Council for Australian Jewry 3. SOUNDBITE: (English) Nina Bassat, President, Executive Council for Australian Jewry "The problem was not what the Australian legal system has done in the extradition proceedings, the problem was that the matter was not pursued when it was brought to the Australian government many years ago." 4. Cutaway 5. SOUNDBITE: (English) Nina Bassat, President, Executive Council for Australian Jewry "On a practical level, pragmatically, time is obviously going to defeat everybody and we are not just talking about the war criminals, it is also going to defeat the witnesses because the witnesses are aging at the same rate as the war criminals, so if you are talking about World War Two there are very few of us left who are of an age where our memory is still intact." (Q: "So what are you going to do about that?") "I don't know to what extent you can address that issue. I think in the interest of justice people should nonetheless be identified at the very least. Whether prosecutions are then brought has to be dealt with on a one by one basis in each individual case." FILE - Toronto, Canada - 18 August 1997 CBC AUDIO AS INCOMING 6. Various of Konrad Kalejs being informed he must leave Canada FILE - London, England - 6 January 2000 APTN 7. Konrad Kalejs walking through airport with police escort to catch flight to Australia FILE - Melbourne, Australia - 7 January, 2000 AuBC 8. Various night shots of car containing Konrad Kalejs concealed under blanket in passenger seat, having been collected from airport on arrival in Australia FILE - Riga, Latvia - 15 September 2000 APTN 9. Wide shot of Riga skyline 10. Mid shot of Latvian Procurature and people entering for conference on Nazi war criminals in Latvia, including Kalejs 11. Close up plaque on wall outside 12. Wide shot beginning of meeting 13. Mid shot prosecutors 14. General view Riga street FILE - Rumbula, Latvia - 15 September, 2000 APTN 15. Various shots of memorial stone to Jews who died in Second World War massacre in Rumbula in which Kalejs is accused of taking part FILE - Baltic states - 1941 APTN PLEASE NOTE: MATERIAL IS MUTE 16. Various black and white footage of Nazis entering Baltic towns and being greeted by locals 17. Various of a synagogue and it being blown up FILE - 1940s CH9 18. Various stills of Kalejs as a young man STORYLINE: Suspected Nazi war criminal Konrad Kalejs has died in a nursing home in the southern Australian city of Melbourne, the government announced on Friday, bringing to an end a long battle to extradite him to Latvia to stand trial for genocide. 88-year-old Kalejs, who had been diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease and cancer, died on Thursday afternoon. The exact cause of death was not immediately released. Had he been extradited, Kalejs would have been the first suspected Nazi collaborator tried in Latvia since the country regained independence after the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union. He was accused of being a guard at the Salaspils concentration camp near the Latvian capital, Riga, where Jews and Russian prisoners of war were executed, tortured or died of malnutrition. Kalejs denied the allegations. Jewish and human rights groups also say Kalejs was an officer in the Arajs Kommando, a Nazi-sponsored death squad responsible for the murder of some 30-thousand Latvian Jews. He last appeared in court on October 23, when he was wheeled in on a hospital trolley as his lawyers asked a judge to refuse Latvia's extradition request on technical grounds after a magistrate ordered in May this year that he be extradited. Repeated pleas by his lawyers to halt the extradition proceedings because of Kalejs' frail health were rejected at earlier hearings. Reacting to his death, the President of the Executive Council for Australian Jewry said on Friday that her government had missed a golden opportunity to seek justice for persecuted Jews by failing to extradite Kalejs. Nina Bassat said Kalejs' death demonstrated the federal government had acted too slowly in having him extradited, and was another example of Australia's poor record on handling alleged war criminals. Kalejs migrated to Australia in 1950 and took citizenship. He would have become the first Australian citizen extradited to face war crimes charges. Australian authorities said there was insufficient evidence against him to put him on trial in Australia, and Latvia only charged him under mounting international pressure. Details of Kalejs' funeral and surviving family members were not immediately available. Kalejs has a history of being hounded out of country after country for alleged war crimes. He had gone to Canada on a visitor's visa in 1994 after being deported from the United States, where he had lived for more than three decades, after being accused of being a war criminal. He was then ordered to leave Canada three years later in August 1997, accused by the Canadian government of war crimes, and headed back to Australia. He also lived in a retirement home in England for six months before Nazi hunters tracked him down and he returned once more to Australia in January 2000. Then in September 2000, prosecutors from seven countries met in the Latvian capital, Riga, to compare evidence on Nazi war crimes in Latvia, in particular the infamous killing fields of Rumbula, six miles (nine kilometres) outside Riga. Here in the space of just two days in 1941, some 25-thousand Latvian Jews were put to death in a pine forest. The site is now marked by a memorial to the victims. Kalejs and another man, 87-year-old Karlis Ozols, were the main focus of the investigation in various massacres, including Rumbula, and extradition procedures were begun against both men.
LATVIA: ARREST WARRANT ISSUED FOR KONRADS KALEJS (V)
TAPE_NUMBER: EF00/1234 IN_TIME: 20:49:01 LENGTH: 01:29 SOURCES: All APTN except shot 0000 = CBC, 0057-0101 = SBS RESTRICTIONS: FEED: VARIOUS (THE ABOVE TIME-CODE IS TIME-OF-DAY) SCRIPT: Voice and effects XFA VOICED BY: VERA FRANKL A court in Latvia has upheld an earlier ruling to issue an arrest warrant for alleged Nazi war criminal Konrads Kalejs, clearing the way for prosecutors to seek his extradition from Australia. Judges rejected an appeal by Kalejs' lawyers, reaffirming a lower court ruling that said the warrant was justified given the gravity of Kalejs' alleged crimes. According to Latvian law, the decision is final and cannot be overturned. 0002 Konrad Kalejs was deported from Canada in the nineties for lying about his Nazi past. He returned to his adopted country, Australia, in January this year after Nazi hunters found him in a retirement home in England. 0015 Prosecutors in Latvia recently charged the 87-year-old with genocide. He allegedly participated in the mass murder of Latvian Jews during the 1941 to 44 Nazi occupation . 0026 Following Friday's court decision, extradition proceedings for Kalejs will go ahead, despite the fact that his lawyers say he is too old and sick to travel. 0036 Prosecutors formally accused Kalejs last month of being a Nazi guard at the Salaspils concentration camp near the capital Riga. Here, scores of Jews and Russian prisoners of war were executed, tortured or died of malnutrition. Some 80-thousand Latvian Jews were killed during the Nazi occupation. Kalejs vehemently denies the accusations 0058 SOUNDBITE: (Latvian) "Never! Never! UPSOUND 0101 My background is as an army officer he says. There was a strict selection process and not everyone could be an officer. And that is why I am proud. And I have never participated in anything like this never never. 0117 Latvia and Australia signed an extradition treaty earlier this year. Australia has said it will co-operate, but that it cannot act until it receives a formal request from Latvia. SHOTLIST: Riga, Latvia - 3 November 2000 and Toronto, Canada - File/ London, England - File/ CBC -Toronto - 18 August 1997 0000 Kalejs being told to leave the country APTN - London, U-K - 6 January 2000 0008 Konrads Kalejs walking in airport APTN - Riga, Latvia - 3 November 2000 0014 Mid shot judges walk along hallway 0019 Wide judges walk into courtroom 0026 Close up prosecutor 0030 Judge reading a verdict FILE - Archive footage - 1941 - No Restrictions 0036 Various of Nazis entering Baltic towns 0048 Various of synagogue destruction File - SBS -SOUND ONLY - 8 January 2000/CBC - VISION ONLY- 18 August 1997 0057 Kalejs listening - UPSOUND OVER STILL: (Latvian) Konrads Kalejs, alleged Nazi war criminal 0101 Still of Kalejs APTN - Rumbula, near Riga, Latvia - September 15, 2000 0117 Mid shot memorial stone 0121 Close up same 0125 Mid shot pine forest, site of the 1941 massacre?