Gorilla, Gorilla Meat
14:05:31(FED ONLY FIRST 2 SHOTS)
Printed: 28/3/2008 2:54:57 PM
Title: ENDANGERED SPECIES IUCN EVN-M
In point: 04:31:01.26 Out point: 04:33:27.07 Duration: 00:02:25.11
Clip Locations 235-205
Notes ON DVC PRO 235-205
endangered species/wild animals
Dopesheet Endangered species EVN M
Date Shot: 12-SEP-2007
Restrictions: This IUCN VNR is strictly embargoed until 12:00 GMT 12-Sep-2007
Shotlist: Shot list for 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species B-roll
Western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)
Bornean orang-utan (Pongo pygmaeus)
Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)
Baiji (Lipotes vexillifer)
Speke's gazelle (Gazella spekei)
Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus)
White-headed vulture (Trigonoceps occipitalis)
Reuppell's griffon (Gyps rueppellii)
Mauritius parakeet (Psittacula eques)
Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus)
Great hammerhead (Sphyrna mokarran)
Humphead parrotfish (Bolbometopon muricatum)
Banggai cardinalfish (Pterapogon kauderni)
Life on Earth is disappearing fast and will continue to do so unless urgent action is taken, according to the
2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
There are now 41,415 species on the IUCN Red List and 16,306 of them are threatened with extinction, up
from 16,118 last year. The total number of extinct species has reached 785 and a further 65 are only found in
captivity or in cultivation.
One in four mammals, one in eight birds, one third of all amphibians and 70% of the world?s assessed plants
on the 2007 IUCN Red List are in jeopardy.
Julia Marton-Lefèvre, Director General of the World Conservation Union (IUCN), said: ?This year?s IUCN Red
List shows that the invaluable efforts made so far to protect species are not enough. The rate of biodiversity
loss is increasing and we need to act now to significantly reduce it and stave off this global extinction crisis.
This can be done, but only with a concerted effort by all levels of society.?
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species is widely recognized as the most reliable evaluation of the world?s
species. It classifies them according to their extinction risk and brings into sharp focus the ongoing decline of
the world?s biodiversity and the impact that mankind is having upon life on Earth.
Jane Smart, Head of IUCN?s Species Programme, said: ?We need to know the precise status of species in
order to take the appropriate action. The IUCN Red List does this by measuring the overall status of
biodiversity, the rate at which it is being lost and the causes of decline.
?Our lives are inextricably linked with biodiversity and ultimately its protection is essential for our very survival.
As the world begins to respond to the current crisis of biodiversity loss, the information from the IUCN Red List
is needed to design and implement effective conservation strategies ? for the benefit of people and nature.?
Some highlights from this year?s IUCN Red List
The decline of the great apes
A reassessment of our closest relatives, the great apes, has revealed a grim picture. The Western Gorilla
(Gorilla gorilla) has moved from Endangered to Critically Endangered, after the discovery that the main
subspecies, the Western Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla), has been decimated by the commercial
bushmeat trade and the Ebola virus. Their population has declined by more than 60% over the last 20-25
years, with about one third of the total population found in protected areas killed by the Ebola virus over the
last 15 years.
The Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii) remains in the Critically Endangered category and the Bornean
Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) in the Endangered category. Both are threatened by habitat loss due to illegal
and legal logging and forest clearance for palm oil plantations. In Borneo, the area planted with oil palms
increased from 2,000 km2 to 27,000 km2 between 1984 and 2003, leaving just 86,000 km2 of habitat available
to the species throughout the island.
First appearance of corals on the IUCN Red List
Corals have been assessed and added to the IUCN Red List for the very first time. Ten Galápagos species
have entered the list, with two in the Critically Endangered category and one in the Vulnerable category.
Wellington?s Solitary Coral (Rhizopsammia wellingtoni) has been listed as Critically Endangered (Possibly
Extinct). The main threats to these species are the effects of El Niño and climate change.
In addition, 74 seaweeds have been added to the IUCN Red List from the Galápagos Islands. Ten species are
listed as Critically Endangered, with six of those highlighted as Possibly Extinct. The cold water species are
threatened by climate change and the rise in sea temperature that characterizes El Niño. The seaweeds are
also indirectly affected by overfishing, which removes predators from the food chain, resulting in an increase of
sea urchins and other herbivores that overgraze these algae.
Yangtze River Dolphin listed as Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)
After an intensive, but fruitless, search for the Yangtze River Dolphin, or Baiji, (Lipotes vexillifer) last
November and December, it has been listed as Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct). The dolphin has not
been placed in a higher category as further surveys are needed before it can be definitively classified as
Extinct. A possible sighting reported in late August 2007 is currently being investigated by Chinese scientists.
The main threats to the species include fishing, river traffic, pollution and degradation of habitat.
India and Nepal?s crocodile, the Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is also facing threats from habitat degradation
and has moved from Endangered to Critically Endangered. Its population has recently declined by 58%, from
436 breeding adults in 1997 to just 182 in 2006. Dams, irrigation projects, sand mining and artificial
embankments have all encroached on its habitat, reducing its domain to 2% of its former range.
This year the total number of birds on the IUCN Red List is 9,956 with 1,217 listed as threatened. Vultures in
Africa and Asia have declined, with five species reclassified on the IUCN Red List. In Asia, the Red-headed
Vulture (Sarcogyps calvus) moved from Near Threatened to Critically Endangered while the Egyptian Vulture
(Neophron percnopterus) moved from Least Concern to Endangered. The rapid decline in the birds over the
last eight years has been driven by the drug diclofenac, used to treat livestock.
In Africa, three species of vulture have been reclassified, including the White-headed Vulture (Trigonoceps
occipitalis), which moved from Least Concern to Vulnerable, the White-backed Vulture (Gyps africanus) and
Rüppell?s Griffon (Gyps rueppellii), both moved from Least Concern to Near Threatened. The birds? decline
has been due to a lack of food, with a reduction in wild grazing mammals, habitat loss and collision with power
lines. They have also been poisoned by carcasses deliberately laced with insecticide. The bait is intended to
kill livestock predators, such as hyenas, jackals and big cats, but it also kills vultures.
North American reptiles added to IUCN Red List
After a major assessment of Mexican and North American reptiles, 723 were added to the IUCN Red List,
taking the total to 738 reptiles listed for this region. Of these, 90 are threatened with extinction. Two Mexican
freshwater turtles, the Cuatro Cienegas Slider (Trachemys taylori) and the Ornate Slider (Trachemys ornata),
are listed as Endangered and Vulnerable respectively. Both face threats from habitat loss. Mexico?s Santa
Catalina Island Rattlesnake (Crotalus catalinensis) has also been added to the list as Critically Endangered,
after being persecuted by illegal collectors.
Plants in peril
There are now 12,043 plants on the IUCN Red List, with 8,447 listed as threatened. The Woolly-stalked
Begonia (Begonia eiromischa) is the only species to have been declared extinct this year. This Malaysian herb
is only known from collections made in 1886 and 1898 on Penang Island. Extensive searches of nearby
forests have failed to reveal any specimens in the last 100 years.
The Wild Apricot (Armeniaca vulgaris), from central Asia, has been assessed and added to the IUCN Red List
for the first time, classified as Endangered. The species is a direct ancestor of plants that are widely cultivated
in many countries around the world, but its population is dwindling as it loses habitat to tourist developments
and is exploited for wood, food and genetic material.
Banggai Cardinalfish heavily exploited by aquarium trade
Overfishing continues to put pressure on many fish species, as does demand from the aquarium trade. The
Banggai Cardinalfish (Pterapogon kauderni), which is highly prized in the aquarium industry, is entering the
IUCN Red List for the first time in the Endangered category. The fish, which is only found in the Banggai
Archipelago, near Sulawesi, Indonesia, has been heavily exploited, with approximately 900,000 extracted
every year. Conservationists are calling for the fish to be reared in captivity for the aquarium trade, so the wild
populations can be left to recover.
These highlights from the 2007 IUCN Red List are merely a few examples of the rapid rate of biodiversity loss
around the world. The disappearance of species has a direct impact on people?s lives. Declining numbers of
freshwater fish, for example, deprive rural poor communities not only of their major source of food, but of their
livelihoods as well.
Species loss is our loss
Conservation action is slowing down biodiversity loss in some cases, but there are still many species that
need more attention from conservationists. This year, only one species has moved to a lower category of
threat. The Mauritius Echo Parakeet (Psittacula eques), which was one of the world?s rarest parrots 15 years
ago, has moved from Critically Endangered to Endangered. The improvement is a result of successful
conservation action, including close monitoring of nesting sites and supplementary feeding combined with a
captive breeding and release programme.
Jean-Christophe Vié, Deputy Head of IUCN?s Species Programme, said: "From previous experience, we
know that conservation can work, but unfortunately this year we are documenting an improvement for only one
species. This is really worrying in light of government commitments around the world, such as the 2010 target
to slow down the rate of biodiversity loss. Clearly, this shows that much more needs to be done to support the
work of thousands of enthusiastic people working everyday throughout the world to preserve the diversity of
life on this planet."
Holly Dublin, Chair of IUCN?s Species Survival Commission, said: ?Conservation networks dedicated to
fighting the extinction crisis, such as the Species Survival Commission, are working effectively. But much more
help and support is needed as environmentalists cannot do it alone. The challenge of the extinction crisis also
requires attention and action from the general public, the private sector, governments and policy makers to
ensure that global biodiversity remains intact for generations to come.?
To help IUCN in its fight against the extinction crisis, donate now.
For information about more species on this year?s IUCN Red List please visit www.iucn.org/redlist and
For high resolution photos please visit
A full 2007 IUCN Red List media package is available, including photo gallery, two-minute video B roll, species
changes, fact sheets on key species, case studies and statistics
2 minute video B roll and photo gallery of the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species prepared by Arkive
For more information / interviews with leading IUCN spokespeople please contact:
Lynette Lew, IUCN Marketing and Communications Officer, Species Programme, Tel: +41 22 999 0153; Mob:
+41 79 527 7221; Fax: +41 22 999 0015; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web: www.iucn.org
Page: 3 Sarah Halls, IUCN Media Relations Officer, Tel: +41 22 999 0127; Mob: +41 79 24 72 926; Fax: +41 22 999
Sarah Halls, IUCN Media Relations Officer, Tel: +41 22 999 0127; Mob: +41 79 24 72 926; Fax: +41 22 999
0020; Email: email@example.com; Web: www.iucn.org
Craig Hilton-Taylor and Caroline Pollock, IUCN Red List Unit, Tel +44 1223 277 966;
Fax: +44 1223 277-845; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com; Web:
? The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species classifies species according to their extinction risk. It is a
searchable online database containing the global status and supporting information on more than 41,000
species. Its primary goal is to identify and document the species most in need of conservation attention and
provide an index of the state of biodiversity.
? The IUCN Red List threat categories are the following, in descending order of threat:
o Extinct or Extinct in the Wild;
o Critically Endangered, Endangered and Vulnerable: species threatened with global extinction;
o Near Threatened: species close to the threatened thresholds or that would be threatened without ongoing
specific conservation measures;
o Least Concern: species evaluated with a low risk of extinction;
o Data Deficient: no evaluation because of insufficient data.
? Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct): This is not a new Red List category, but is a flag developed to
identify those Critically Endangered species that are in all probability already Extinct but for which confirmation
is required (for example, through more extensive surveys being carried out and failing to find any individuals).
? The total number of species on the planet is unknown; estimates vary between 10 - 100 million, with 15
million species being the most widely accepted figure. 1.7 - 1.8 million species are known today.
? People, either directly or indirectly, are the main reason for most species? decline. Habitat destruction and
degradation continues to be the main cause of species? decline, along with the all too familiar threats of
introduced invasive species, unsustainable harvesting, over-hunting, pollution and disease. Climate change is
increasingly recognized as a serious threat, which can magnify these dangers.
? Major analyses of the IUCN Red List are produced every four years. These were produced in 1996, 2000
and 2004. The 2004 Global Species Assessment is available from:
? Key findings from major analyses to date include:
o The number of threatened species is increasing across almost all the major taxonomic groups.
o IUCN Red List Indices, a new tool for measuring trends in extinction risk are important for monitoring
progress towards the 2010 target. They are available for birds and amphibians and show that their status has
declined steadily since the 1980s. An IUCN Red List Index can be calculated for any group which has been
assessed at least twice.
o Most threatened birds, mammals and amphibians are located on the tropical continents ? the regions that
contain the tropical broadleaf forests which are believed to harbour the majority of the Earth?s terrestrial and
o Of the countries assessed, Australia, Brazil, China and Mexico hold particularly large numbers of threatened
o Estimates vary greatly, but current extinction rates are at least 100-1,000 times higher than natural
o The vast majority of extinctions since 1500 AD have occurred on oceanic islands, but over the last 20 years,
continental extinctions have become as common as island extinctions.
? All IUCN Red List updates contribute to a worldwide biodiversity assessment. Work is underway to reassess
the status of all mammals (approximately 6,000 species) and birds (approximately 10,000 species) and to
assess for the first time all reptiles (approximately 8,000 species) and freshwater fish (approximately 13,000
species). The first global assessment of all amphibians (approximately 6,000 species) was completed in 2004.
? The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species? is a joint effort between IUCN and its Species Survival
Commission www.iucn.org/themes/ssc, working with its Red List partners BirdLife International
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NatureServe www.natureserve.org, and the Zoological Society of London www.zsl.org.
About The World Conservation (IUCN)
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Page: 4 conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and
conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and
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Assessment Unit (located in Washington DC, USA).
Title: CONGO GORILLA EVN-3
Type: CENTRAL AFRICA - Congo etc..
In point: 20:31:56.11 Out point: 20:34:49.23 Duration: 00:02:53.10
Clip Locations 109-201
Tape ID 7211
Notes b-roll wild gorillas nice shots of mother & child lowland
Dopesheet Congo gorillas EVN 3
Event: Protection fo Gorillas in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Date Shot: 19-JUL-2005
Location: PARC KAHUZI BIEGA
Country: REP. DEMOCRATIQUE DU CONGO
Forest Guards inspecting
local forest patrol members trying to trace the gorrillas route in the jungle
ITW Carlos Schueller (yellow jacket) Gorrillas Specialist - GTZ Greman Cooperation " We are close to them
and we have two possibilities. We have to choose in which direction we have to continue. Yet, we are realy
close to the gorrillas"
shots of Several Gorrillas
Continuation of the ITW " In 2000, this area was full of troops who careful with these animals"
Shots of a dominant male who ensures mating and children production
ITW D Eugene KAHUZI-BIEGA National Parc's Guard who tells about the atmosphere of hope prevailing after
numerous baby gorrillas were produced
Dopesheet: The last big Africa's monkeys remains endangered. Gorillas have been decimated by years of
war, in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda. Some try to safeguard the gorillas' future and make
them live in the jungle in total liberty.
BUSH MEAT --- ILLEGAL HUNTING IN AFRICA
00:03:22 VAR. GV's young gorillas & chimps in the forest
00:03:32 MCU hunter calling T/DOWN gun on the ground
00:03:39 MED. walkint thru forest
00:03:44 MCU hunter loading shot-gun & firing
00:03:58 VAR. GV's hunter showing off a dead family of gorillas
00:04:18 VAR. GV's packing the 'prepared' meat
00:04:36 M/W hunter carrying his booty thru the jungle
00:04:40 VAR. GV's roasting the meat
00:04:52 WIDE ferry coming in to shore Z/IN MED.
00:05:02 VAR. GV's bush meat for sale in the market
00:05:18 M/W var. dead animals at the back of a stall
00:05:26 MED. cooked bush meat being laid out on the ground for display
00:05:44 M/W walking shot showing var. bush meat on display for sale
00:05:58 M/W cooking monkeys over a fire
00:06:03 <<<END>>> df 4/7/00
WSPA *Check Rights*
CENTRAL AFRICA - "THE AFRICAN BUSH MEAT TRADE - A RECIPE FOR EXTINCTION." ANIMALS POACHED AND SOLD FOR MEAT OR SOUVENIRS ***Copyright: World Society For The Protection Of Animals - press office: 0171 793 0540 or Johnathan Pierce: 0171 587 5010@£350/min***
00:42:26 GV's gorillas being cut up in the forest.
00:42:43 CU an making a noise to attract the gorilla in the thick bush TILT DOWN to his shotgun which he loads and fires into the bush.
00:43:10 GV's chopping up a dead adult gorilla in the deep forest and taking it's remains in white plastic bags.
00:43:33 GV's logging truck with some large trees on it and some severe human limbs for sale.
00:43:43 GV's exotic animals strung up on the roadside and on the side of a truck for sale.
00:43:59 GV's flea market stall with goulish things like skills and even human limbs.
00:44:15 MS Man lifts up a dead monkey out of a basket and puts it on a chopping board where another one lies + BCU the monkeys face.
00:44:37 CU TILT UP a sickly-looking baby chimp.
00:44:48 MS Person filling the bottles for the baby chimpanzees with milk. It is a chimpanzee orphanage.
00:44:54 GV's woman feeding some baby chimpanzees with bottles of milk. She walks off into the bush and they all cling to her.
00:45:16 BCU then ZOOM OUT from the rotting face of an adult gorilla head, lying in the bush decapitated.
00:45:29 GV's natives selling the severed hand of a gorilla.
00:45:46 GV's the severed head of a gorilla lying on a plank of wood in the sun.
00:46:05 GV's baby gorilla corpse lying in an open suitcase on the ground in the sun. The corpse looks sun-dried.
00:46:30 GV's woman handling a baby gorilla in a box, angling it correctly for the camera.
00:47:12 GV's natives posing with a baby gorilla in a cardboard box. Clearly they do not understand the implications of what they are involved in.
00:46:25 central africa c:split ape primate under threat jungle bush meat rain forest on sale log trucks forest worker s wspa pearce sot