Mongolian nomads leave steppes in the face of climate change
France 24
PA-1055 Beta SP; PA-0596 Digibeta; DN-S-044 1 inch
Wastage of Human Resources
Views of the Philippines including streets, slums, housing, produce, and flooding
A film about social customs and culture of the Philippines. View of an upscale house in exclusive gated community in Makati City. Slum dwellings near a creek in Manila. Filipino men gather in a slum community. A rooster tied at the foot. Two Filipino children on window. Construction of a house in the Philippines. Remains of a house destroyed by fire. Flooding in the streets during a typhoon. Filipino man sleeping on top of sacks of rice. Coconut trees and pineapples growing in a farm. View of a mountain with Bougainvillea tree in the foreground. Bananas at a market stand. Aerial view of flooding in the Philippines. Polling place during an election in the Philippines with flag in front. A poll watcher lets Filipino voters inside the polling precinct. Campaign posters include 'Puyat for Senator' and 'Vote Attorney Ruben Feliciano for Councilor'. A Filipino man cleaning a park. Man working in the fields and carrying cans strung onto stick carried on his shoulders. View of rural highway and traffic. Bananas hanging at market stall. Man cutting young coconut with machete. Durian hanging at food stand. White man eating with Filipino man. Television director looking at clock as production director counts down behind camera for live television. Close up of clock. Filipino man putting watch on. Close up of watch. American officer at desk greeting Filipino man and pointing to his wrist to indicate that man is late for meeting. Location: Philippines. Date: 1971.
N.E.G.R.O.
ORIG. COLOR 200 SOF. MAG. CUT STORY-BLACK MEN BOARD BUS IN QUEENS (GYPSY BUS-LINE OPERATED BY N.E.G.R.O.). CU DOORS CLOSE. POV ROOFTOP- TENEMENT BUILDINGS - FACTORY SMOKE IN BACKGROUND. VS BLACK PEOPLE WORKING IN VARIOUS BUSINESSES SET UP BY THE SELF-HELP ORGANIZATION N.E.G.R.O. VS FOUNDER DR. THOMAS MATTHEW, SPEAKS TO GROUP IN HIS OFFICE. INTER- VIE WITH MATTHEW - HE EXPLAINS HIS OPPOSITION TO THE POVERTY PROGRAM CONCEPT. CI: ORGANIZATIONS - N. E. G. R. O. BUILDINGS - SLUMS- N. Y. C. PERSONALITIES - MATTHEW, THOMAS. TRANSPORTATION - VEHICULAR- BUS.
1978 Urban Blight
New York City - NYC - urban blight / decay - close on stripped beat up automobile abandoned in alley - slum - graffiti on wall - car - poverty
chicago 1961
Stock Footage Chicago 1960's. Shows a green line train of the Chicago L (elevated public railway system). Chicago traffic and street scenes. Chicago skyline. Building demolition and construction scenes. Various street scenes of people and traffic. Parade with äóìkeep Chicago cleanäó float. Buildings being torn down. Shows high rise housing project for the poor in the inner-city. Shows the unemployed. Various scenes of housing, the people, and living conditions in the intercity (inter-city) and Chicago ghettos. Children playing in the ghettos of the intercity. Poverty in the slum area of Chicago. Night scenes of the bars, clubs, and burlesque section of Chicago. Various scenes of people, children at play. Shot List of Stock Footage (start web movie at time code shown for each clip) 00:00:01:14 Chicago Rapid Transit, The Green Line, the Chicago L. 00:01:03:09 Aerial view Chicago Skyline. 00:02:33;13 Close-up view of jackhammer pounding, sound of jackhammer being used. 00:04:03:10 Homeless man pushing a buggy. 00:04:31:10 Homeless man with sack over his shoulder. 00:07:14:04 African-American man and woman sitting on äóìstoopäó or porch, Chicago intercity ghetto. 00:07:41:07 High-rise apartment building, public housing for the poor. 00:09:23:13 Shows hand äóìrubber stampingäó forms. 00:09:44:04 Several unemployed people sitting on äóìstoopäó of walk-up apartment building, ghetto area. Various scenes of the idle, unskilled workers, Chicago slums or ghetto. 00:11:03:0. Exterior view of 2-story walk-up in the intercity, shows dilapidated interior of flat" or apartment.
Bridgeman Images Details
(V) India Slum Dancer - VOICE US-based Indian classical dancer teaches slum children traditional dancing
TAPE: EF02/1087 IN_TIME: 00:14:02 DURATION: 1:41 SOURCES: APTN RESTRICTIONS: DATELINE: Kolkata, West Bengal State - Recent VOICED BY RICHARD VAUGHAN SHOTLIST: 00:00 Wide shot slum 00:04 Mid shot of slum children 00:09 Various of dancer Chitresh Das conducting dance workshop for slum children 00:20 Child dancing 00:24 Wide of children dancing 00:29 Close-up of children's feel as they dance 00:33 SOUNDBITE: (English) Chitresh Das, Indian dance teacher: "They are coming from such humble background, when you are talking to them then you feel that they have a different life and yet they are full of life, so full of life." 00:45 Various of Bhola Sheikh, a child worker living in the slum, with his family 00:53 Wide of Bhola working at printing press 00:58 Close-up of his face as he works 01:01 SOUNDBITE: (Bengali) Bhola Sheikh, slum child: "There (at the workplace) I don't like it so much - but I like it here very much." 01:07 Various of Celine Das, wife of Chitresh Das, at workshop with slum children 01:14 SOUNDBITE: (English) Celine Das, dancer and wife of Chitresh Das: "For these children to know that there is hope, that there is something that relates to them as human beings, not just animals but as humans, as a community, as a people, it is so important." 01:27 Various of slum children on stage, performing a play 01:41 Vision ends STORYLINE A dance teacher and his wife who are based in America have travelled to Kolkata in India's West Bengal State to introduce the city's slum children to traditional dance. Chitresh Das is an Indian classical dancer who has been living in San Francisco for the last three decades teaching the Indian dance form "Kathak" at his school for performing arts. At a recent workshop, Chitresh taught the basic skills of this north Indian dance form to underprivileged children from Kolkota's shanty towns. VOICE-OVER: 00:02 There is real poverty in these slums. 00:05 Most children living here don't have much to look forward to. 00:08 But an Indian classical dancer who has been living in America has returned to bring a little joy into some of their lives. 00:16 For the last three decades Chitresh Das has been teaching the traditional dance form "Kathak" (Katak) at his school for performing arts in San Francisco. 00:24 But now he's returned to teach this north Indian dance form to underprivileged children. Watching them transform has made it all worthwhile for Chitresh. 00:33 SOUNDBITE: Chitresh Das, Indian dance teacher "They are coming from such humble background, when you are talking to them then you feel that they have a different life and yet they are full of life, so full of life." 00:44 Ten-year-old Bhola Sheikh lives in the slums with his family, it's a very different life to the dance world. He's so young, but already he has to work for a living. Cleaning the machines at a printing press. But he knows where he'd rather be. 01:01 SOUNDBITE: (Bengali) Bhola Sheikh, slum child: "I don't like it so much at the printing press - but I like it here very much," he says. 01:07 Chitresh's wife is Californian. She's found working with the slum children an uplifting experience. SOUNDBITE: (English) Celine Das, dancer and wife of Chitresh Das: "For these children to know that there is hope, that there is something that relates to them as human beings, not just animals but as humans, as a community, as a people, it is so important." 01:27 With the skills learnt from Chitresh and his wife the children have helped put together a theatre performance based on their life in the slums. The audience was left spellbound and Chitresh has promised to return.
DN-LB-684 Beta SP
DACHAU (and other titles)
Angola: the "raptivists" invest the political field
France 24
KENYA: ILLEGAL BREW KILLS SIXTY EIGHT (V)
TAPE_NUMBER: EF00/1286 IN_TIME: 21:01:19 LENGTH: 01:05 SOURCES: APTN RESTRICTIONS: FEED: VARIOUS (THE ABOVE TIME-CODE IS TIME-OF-DAY) SCRIPT: Voice and effects XFA VOICED BY TARA OGDEN An illegal, home brew popular among poor Kenyans is being blamed for at least 68 deaths and sent another 245 to hospital in Nairobi. All the victims died in two slums where a consignment of the illicit brew was believed to have been brought in from the west of the country. Police said the death toll would probably rise much higher and warned many people might lose their sight. The illegal brew claimed its victims in Sinai and Mukuru, two of Nairobi's many sprawling, desolate slums. Home brew is popular among poor Kenyans because it is cheap. But its ingredients can range from high-octane fuel to metholated spirits. A glass of "changaa," as it is known costs about a quarter of the price of a beer. And it's lethal For more than half of the Kenyan population, it's the only escape from a life made miserable by poverty. These people are the victims of the latest batch of changaa. They've come or have been brought to the Kenyatta National Hospital, many semi-comatose or dying. These men came for a check up after they'd drunk the brew. But with no symptoms they can count thimselves among the lucky ones. The others will die or go blind. The authorities are now arresting those they believe responsible. But so long as half the population continues to earn less than a dollar a day, it's unlikely to stop the drinking of changaa. SHOTLIST: Nairobi, Kenya - November 16, 2000 **ALL TOKO MATERIAL** Mukuru (Slum in Nairobi) 0000-0005 Street scene in slum 0005-0009 Man at barber and second man reading newspaper 0009-0012 Newspaper reading 34 dead 0012-0018 Man pouring drinks out 0018-0024 Two man (not relatives) and pan down to dead man on floor 0024-0031 Wide shot of street slum Nairobi 0031-0042 Various shots of people on stretchers being carried into hospital 0042-0045 Man having red sticker placed on forehead 0045-0050 Two men in hospital 0050-0052 Medical attendants with victim 0052-0057 Close up of attendants with victim 0057-0059 Close up man on trolley 0059-0105 Medical workers in hospital 0105 ends?
DN-LB-533 Beta SP
Universal Newsreels
TV news Soir Réunion: show on Thursday 13 September 2012
RFO
World Poverty 2 - WRAP Poverty in Afghan, kites, pope, Kenya, Philippines, Pakistan
NAME: WORLD POVERTY2 20071017I TAPE: EF07/1249 IN_TIME: 11:03:21:21 DURATION: 00:04:59:14 SOURCES: AP Television/CTV DATELINE: Various - 17 Oct 2007 RESTRICTIONS: SHOTLIST AP Television Nairobi, Kenya 1. Wide of crowd swaying to music 2. Mid of children clapping to music 3. Various of the Kenya National Coordinator of Global Call to Action Against Poverty, Mwangi Waituru addressing crowd 4. SOUNDBITE: (English) Mwangi Waituru, Kenya National Coordinator, Global Call to Action Against Poverty: "We are gathering together, we have mobilised this huge number of people to make a call to our government to address the issues of slum dwellers, to give them access to water, to give them access to sanitation and better living conditions." 5. Wide of Kenya prison band, with crowd behind 6. Close-up of musicians 7. Mid of children swaying to music 8. Wide shot of crowd singing in English "We shall overcome", man holding up tee-shirt reading (English) 'Stand up, Speak out' AP Television Manila, Philippines 9. Woman painting on banner 10. Tight shot of hand painting banner 11. SOUNDBITE: (Tagalog) Claudine Claridad, Youth Against Poverty activist: "By participating in this project we can show everybody that we are not just keeping silent and we are not just accepting what is happening in our society." ++NIGHT SHOTS++ 12. Various of photographic exhibit illustrating poverty in the Philippines 13. Wide shot of event concert 14. Various of crowd holding banners and making noise at 1200 GMT, to mark the country's participation in the global event 15. Pan of crowd AP Television Bahawalpur, Pakistan 16. Top shot of people holding 10 kilometre long banner denouncing violence against women and calling for equal rights for women 17. Top shot of people dancing 18. Long shot of people holding banner 19. Tracking shot of people holding banner 20. Mid of women holding banner 21. Close-up of banner with signatures 22. Close-up of women 23. Mid of banner with signatures 24. SOUNDBITE: (Urdu) Muhammad Farooq, Director of Cholistan Development Council in Pakistan: "Countries such as ours signed a charter at the UN in 2000 that by 2015, education will reach every home, health and clean drinking water will be available to everyone, and that environmental pollution will come to an end. Eighteen countries in the world signed this charter." 25. Long shot of people holding banner in front of Farid gate AP Television Kabul, Afghanistan 26. Tilt down from damaged building to women walking towards their house which is located in a destroyed old governmental building 27. Mid shot of women entering house 28. Long shot of local resident Hayatullah Khan and children sitting in courtyard 29. Mid shot of Khan and children 30. SOUNDBITE: (Dari) Hayatullah Khan, father struggling with poverty: "This is a day of mourning for us, it's a sad day because we have a big economic problem. If we had good lives, every day would be a happy day for us. But the way we are living right now, every moment is sad." 31. Various of Khan's children drinking tea 32. Various of Afghan civil society representatives, government officials and Afghan parliament members gathering to mark anti-poverty day 33. Wide of people flying kites to mark poverty day 34. Various of woman preparing kite 35. Wide of kites flying in the sky AP Television - AP Clients Only Vatican City 36. Wide of St Peter's Square 37. Various of Pope Benedict XVI arriving and greeting crowd 38. Crowd gathered for speech CTV Vatican City 39. SOUNDBITE: (Italian) Pope Benedict XVI: "I urge therefore the increase of efforts to eliminate the causes of poverty and the tragic consequences that result from it." AP Television Vatican City, Italy 40. Wide of St. Peter's square STORYLINE People across the globe on Wednesday gathered to join an international campaign to end global poverty. The "Stand Up, Speak Out" campaign is part of U.N. efforts to promote the Millennium Development Goals that include eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, achieving universal primary education and ensuring a sustainable environment by 2015. Hundreds of events were being staged to heighten awareness and pressure governments to act in the interests of their poorest citizens. In schools, stadiums, streets and offices from Asia to Africa, thousands of people sang songs, listened to speeches and rose briefly to their feet in moment of solidarity and protest. Schoolchildren in a Kenyan slum belted out a Bob Marley ballad as they joined a continent-spanning effort to draw attention to the crushing poverty that campaigners say contributes to tens of thousands of needless deaths each day. "We have mobilised this huge number of people to make a call to our government to address the issues of slum dwellers, to give them access to water, to give them access to sanitation and better living conditions," said Mwangi Waituru, the Kenya National Coordinator of the Global Call to Action Against Poverty. In the impoverished Korogocho neighbourhood of the Kenyan capital, about one thousand pupils and a smattering of adults gathered in an outdoor amphitheatre next to a garbage dump, listening to music and watching traditional dancers stomp their feet to the beat of skin-covered drums. The children sang "We Shall Overcome", then rose to their feet and held hands while wailing the refrain from Marley's "One Love." Around the world, an estimated 1 (b) billion people live on less than 1 US dollar per day, according to UN figures. In sub-Saharan Africa, nearly one-third of the region's 750 (m) million people live in extreme poverty, frequently without access to clean water, decent schools, health care facilities or flushing toilets. Meanwhile in Manila, the Philippine capital, about two thousand government officials, teachers, students, soldiers and ordinary citizens, many of them wearing white wristbands with sketches of multicoloured human figures, assembled early on Wednesday at the seaside Rizal Park to call for an end to poverty. Agnes Aleman of the U.N. Information Centre said the Philippines was targeting 3 (m) million to stand up and make the pledge - in parks, government and private offices, schools, hospitals, restaurants. More than 640 (m) million people in the Asia Pacific region live on less than 1 US dollar a day. In the Pakistani city of Bahawalpur, around five thousand people participated in a rally organised by Cholistan Development Council and other volunteers. Participants carried a 10 kilometre long banner bearing names of those who support the cause, as well as slogans such as "Violence on women should end" and "Poverty should finish". The Director of Cholistan Development Council, Muhammad Farooq, who participated in the event, drew attention to upholding the international commitment to the Millennium Development Goals. "Countries such as ours had signed a charter at the UN in 2000 that by 2015, education will reach every home, health and clean drinking water will be available to everyone, and that environmental pollution will come to an end, Eighteen countries in the world had signed this charter," said Farooq. In neighbouring Afghanistan, many families also cope daily with the difficulties of poverty. Hayatullah Khan is the head of a family who knows the struggle to make ends meet, and one of many Afghans to have come to bear the consequences of decades of deadly conflict. "This is a day of mourning for us," Khan told AP Television. "The way we are living right now, every moment is sad." Despite the aid which Afghanistan receives from the International Community, Afghanistan provides a big human development challenge. Poverty affects large numbers of families who lost their houses in the conflict. More than 2 (m) million people have been displaced from their homes, according to the United Nations Development Programme. Civil society representatives, government officials and members of the Afghan parliament held a meeting in Kabul to discuss the issue, and ordinary citizens also marked the occasion. Hundreds of Afghan women and men participated in a kite flying event to call on the Afghan government for more transparency in how foreign aid is spent, and to focus on job creation to end poverty. Meanwhile in Vatican City, Pope Benedict XVI urged the international community to work to eliminate poverty. "I urge therefore the increase of efforts to eliminate the causes of poverty and the tragic consequences that result from it," Benedict told the crowds that had come to hear him speak. Last year, 24 (m) million people from 87 countries around the world stood up against poverty, with India leading Asians with 9 (m) million people, followed by Nepal with 3 (m) million and the Philippines with 2.4 (m) million. Organisers hoped to exceed those numbers Wednesday. Organisers say that 50-thousand people die each day from preventable causes linked to poverty and they called on participants to help fight the underlying causes.
Father TRITZ (2nd part)
Grand Est
DN-LB-562 Beta SP
Universal International Newsreel
Peru OAS - OAS Secretary-General meets delegates to analyse aid to Haiti
NAME: PER OAS 20070213I TAPE: EF07/0179 IN_TIME: 10:17:05:01 DURATION: 00:02:00:24 SOURCES: AP TELEVISION DATELINE: Lima, 12 Feb 2007 RESTRICTIONS: SHOTLIST: Lima, Peru - 12 February, 2007 1. Wide of Peruvian Foreign Ministry 2. Wide of Organisation of American States (OAS) meeting 3. Pan of meeting 4. Mid of OAS Secretary General Jose Miguel Insulza 5. Pan of Insulza arriving at Peruvian foreign ministry 6. SOUNDBITE: (Spanish) Jose Miguel Insulza, OAS Secretary General: "The meeting has discussed in depth these problems regarding international cooperation and the aid to Haiti, problems regarding development, and poverty. We found some conclusions but I would say that we have to remain there until the Haitian state is strongly established to conduct the country's business." 7. Wide of photographers 8. Close-up of sign Cite Soleil, Haiti - 9 February, 2007 9. Pan United Nations (UN) vehicle passes by 10. People carrying injured person on stretcher 12. Wide of UN soldiers, UPSOUND: gunfire 13. Mid of Major General Carlos Alberto Dos Santos Cruz, UN Mission in Haiti at planning meeting 14. UN convoy driving through streets STORYLINE: The Secretary General of the Organisation of American States (OAS) met with delegates on Monday to analyse the challenges of providing aid to Haiti. Jose Miguel Insulza said that the Caribbean country presents three major challenges to the international community: strengthening of the state apparatus; progress in security and economic development; and the coordination of efforts by organisations working to strengthen the Haitian state in ways that will be effective. Insulza spoke in the Peruvian capital during a meeting of the nine Latin American countries that make up the United Nations Mission for the Stabilisation of Haiti (MINUSTAH), as well as representatives of the United Nations (UN) and the OAS. "The meeting has discussed in depth these problems regarding international cooperation and the aid to Haiti, problems regarding development, and poverty,'' Insulza said. ''We found some conclusions but I would say that we have to remain there until the Haitian state is strongly established to conduct the country's business," added Insulza. The Secretary General recognised that since the February 2006 elections, the Haitian government has shown the political will to change the living conditions of the Haitian people. However, he noted that as long as 66 percent of the national budget relies on international financing, Haiti is forced to depend on external support. On Friday, hundreds of United Nations peacekeepers raided Haiti's largest and most violent slum, seizing a portion of it in a six-hour gunbattle that wounded two soldiers and killed a suspected gang member. More than 700 heavily armed blue-helmeted troops from seven countries participated in the pre-dawn raid on Port-au-Prince's sprawling Cite Soleil slum, entering the mazelike shantytown in armoured vehicles and on foot as UN helicopters circled above. The raid sparked an intense firefight within the densely populated slum of 300-thousand people.
USA: WORLD BANK'S POVERTY REDUCTION COMPETITION
TAPE_NUMBER: EF00/0159 IN_TIME: 04:25:54 - 07:30:26 LENGTH: 02:11 SOURCES: All APTN except shots 8-9 = WHO, shot 10 = World Bank RESTRICTIONS: FEED: VARIOUS (THE ABOVE TIME-CODE IS TIME-OF-DAY) SCRIPT: English/Nat Hoping to inject new life into schemes designed to aid the world's poor, the World Bank will be announcing Wednesday winners of the first ever global competition in poverty reduction programmes. The first annual Development Marketplace will allocate more than three million dollars in start-up funds to the various winners. And almost more importantly, organisers hope that by getting members of the development community together, they'll be able to push back poverty levels in new ways. More than 300 finalists in the Development Marketplace competition presented their plans for fighting poverty in Washington this week. Ideas range from improving care for H-I-V and AIDS orphans in Africa, a number of different types of sustainable agriculture to cultural sensitivity training for judges in Guatemala. World Bank Chairman, James Wolfensohn, was delighted at the large response to the competition. More than 700 organizations and institutions from 60 countries are represented just in the finals. Looking at the various exhibits Wolfensohn says he was struck in particular by one thing. SOUNDBITE: (English) "The major thing that I felt in all of them, is the passionate involvement of just about everybody in their project. It almost doesn't matter what the project is, it is that the people that are here aren't getting paid to come here. It is not a commercial business for them, its a chance to make the planet different." SUPER CAPTION: James Wolfensohn, World Bank Chairman Teams will be judged on the impact their plan will have to reducing poverty, originality, value for money and sustainability. Mexican organisers of an joint government-citizen's group pushing for better quality education in the state of Neuvo Leon hope that, if successful in the World Bank competition, they will be able to turn themselves into an non-government organisation. SOUNDBITE: (English) "One of the most important things that we need is to provide equipment for technology, because most of the schools of Nuevo Leon don't have any computers in their schools and we think that if they dont have it that they are not going to increase their development." SUPER CAPTION: Nancy Onofre Castillo, Comparte organiser The competition featured a number of anti-AIDS and HIV programmes. One based in Myanmar planned to use a specially refitted boat to travel the impoverished communities on the waterways to spread the message of how to prevent the spread of the HIV virus. SOUNDBITE: (English) "When it docks at a village it is going to look like a spectacle, I mean it has brightly coloured painted ... Apaw is the name of our condom brand. It is going to have condom promotion messages painted right on the outside and then as it docks we are going to fold out a big A-V (audio-visual) set up with a stage and a large screen and TV ... its going to be a spectacle." SUPER CAPTION: Amy Romano, Special Projects Assistant, Population Services International SHOTLIST: XFA Washington, DC, USA February 8, 2000 & FILE APTN Washington, DC, USA February 8, 2000 1. Mid view, pan of displays 2. Close-up of Peru display 3. Close-up of African display 4. Close-up of locust 5. Close-up of Brazilian display 6. Close-up of anti tobacco poster for China 7. SOUNDBITE: (English) James Wolfensohn, World Bank Chairman World Health Organization - File Bangladesh 8. Mid view of children in slums 9. Closer view of children World Bank - File India 10. Woman hanging clothes on line Washington, DC, USA February 8, 2000 APTN Washington, DC, USA February 8, 2000 11. Pan down of Mexican entrant 12. Close-up views of pictures 13. SOUNDBITE: (English)Nancy Onofre Castillo, Comparte organizer 14. Close-up of AIDS prevention booth 15. SOUNDBITE: (English)Amy Romano, Special Projects Assistant, Population Services International 16. Close-up views of booth?
Nicaragua Economy - Voters hopeful change of gov'ment will bring relief to needy
NAME: NIC ECONOMY 20061103I TAPE: EF06/1041 IN_TIME: 10:24:57:01 DURATION: 00:02:35:05 SOURCES: AP TELEVISION DATELINE: 27 October 2006 RESTRICTIONS: SHOTLIST 1. Various of man rummaging through empty plastic bottles 2. Wide of children playing in slum area 3. Various close ups of children faces 4. Pan over street in shantytown 5. Close-up of Maria Isabel Gonzalez's feet as she clears wood 6. Medium Maria Isabel Gonzalez clearing wood 7. SOUNDBITE (Spanish) Maria Isabel Gonzalez, Unemployed: "Sometimes, we simply cannot handle this situation. Sometimes all we have to eat is some rice, beans and that is simply not a normal diet. But, what can we do? This is how we live, this is what we have to do to survive. We cannot do anything else. We could go steal, but we won't because that is a sin." 8. Medium of seamstress Ana Maria Castillo with her sewing machine while her son Elvio Montoya Castillo helps her thread the sewing machine wheel 9. Close-up of hands threading the machine's wheel 10. SOUNDBITE (Spanish) Ana Maria Castillo, Seamstress: "We are waiting. The only thing we are waiting for is change of government." 11. Medium of Castillo sewing 12. SOUNDBITE (Spanish) Elvio Montoya Castillo, Ana Maria Castillo's son: "They used to say that we could not receive any benefits because there was a lack of resources under the economic sanctions, but now we simply don't earn enough money to eat. The country seems to have everything and yet we don't have any money." 13. Wide of buses in Managua 14. Wide of Managua 15. SOUNDBITE: (Spanish) Nestor Avendano, Economist: "Blatantly speaking, human poverty has increased with an annual growth of 3 percent of the GDP (Gross Domestic Product). During Bolanos (current President of Nicaragua Enrique Bolanos) five year term, I think the economy instead of focusing on social needs by concentrating on the needs of a small group of people, has caused an expansion of the country's poverty." 16. Wide of shantytown 17. Medium of elderly woman washing dishes 18. SOUNDBITE (Spanish) Vox Pop, Elderly retired woman: "(Q: What do you need?) A: We need jobs, in order to not be lacking anything and scholarships for the students." 19. Wide of people walking down busy Managua street 20. Close up of pineapples on fruit stand 21. SOUNDBITE (Spanish) Vox Pop, Young woman: "I want to make something out of my life." 22. Wide of Managua 23. Wide of people on horses cart in shantytown STORYLINE As voters in Nicaragua prepare to go to the polls on Sunday, there are calls for more to be done to battle widespread poverty. While shopping malls have gone up in the capital Managua, large sections of the city remain covered in shacks. Maria Isabel Gonzalez, an unemployed young woman, has two children who live with his father. She has not visited them for the last three months because she feels so embarrassed she has nothing to give them, not even food. "Sometimes, we simply cannot handle this situation. Sometimes all we have to eat is some rice, beans and that is simply not a normal diet but what can we do? This is how we live, this is what we have to do to survive," she told AP Television. Barefoot children beg on main thoroughfares, where new cars speed alongside people in horse-drawn carts. Sprawling, abandoned lots haven't been developed since being levelled by the 1972 earthquake and many of Managua's streets are still just packed dirt, laced with raw sewage. Recent rolling blackouts have sometimes forced incoming planes to circle over the darkened capital, waiting for electricity to return so they can land. At his closing election rally on Wednesday night, tens of thousands of supporters, many from the capital's slums, came out to cheer Sandinista leader Daniel Ortega, lured by his promises of better education, more hospitals and reconciliation. "We are waiting. The only thing we are waiting for is change of government," seamstress Ana Maria Castillo said. Her son Elvio Montoya Castillo, who works as a bagger at a local grocery store, agrees. "They used to say that we could not receive any benefits because there was a lack of resources under the economic sanctions, but now we simply don't earn enough money to eat. The country seems to have everything and yet we don't have any money," he said. But many find it hard to forget that it was Ortega who seized land and allowed the cordoba, Nicaragua's currency, to devalue by 33-thousand percent. Ortega's main opponent, Harvard-educated economist Eduardo Montealegre, has capitalised on those fears, saying Nicaragua would return to the "dark days of Sandinista rule" if Ortega won on Sunday. He needs 35 percent of the vote, while beating his closest opponent by five percentage points to avoid a December runoff. "The only thing he has done is make Nicaraguans poorer," Montealegre said this week. "The poverty we have today is because of Daniel Ortega." Economist Nestor Avendano argues that the country's poverty level rose during current president Enrique Bolanos' presidency. "Blatantly speaking, human poverty has increased with an annual growth of 3 percent of the GDP (Gross Domestic Product). During Bolanos five year term, I think the economy instead of focusing on social needs by concentrating on the needs of a small group of people, has caused an expansion of the country's poverty," Avendano said. Nicaragua is the Western Hemisphere's second-poorest country, after Haiti. Its distribution of income is one of the most unequal in the world, with more than half the population living on less than one US dollar a day. While the country has progressed toward economic stability in the past few years, slow growth has forced it to rely on international assistance to finance its budget and debts. The United States is its number one market for exports, principally coffee and bananas. Experts say high levels of unemployment and migration, both internal and external, mainly to Costa Rica and the US have repercussions, for family development, health and access to services.
Kenya AIDS - Feature on HIV/AIDS problem in Kenya ahead of G8 summit
NAME: KENYA G8 280605N TAPE: EF05/0572 IN_TIME: 10:00:09:00 DURATION: 00:02:18:22 SOURCES: APTN DATELINE: Kibera, Recent RESTRICTIONS: SHOTLIST 1. GVs of Kibera (the biggest slum in Sub Saharan Africa. Home to 1.5 Million Kenyans, with 60% of them infected with HIV. The average per capita income totals only US $ 0.2 per day) 2. Exterior of Health Centre (community based project funded by AMREF to cater for the residents of Kibera or anyone else who cannot afford medical care) 3. Sign of the Health Centre (Kibera Community Health Centre) 4. Wide Shot inside the hospital 5. Medium shot inside the hospital 6. Close up of poster inside the hospital 7. Medium shot of doctor attending to patient 8. Close up of doctor checking patients blood pressure 9. SOUNDBITE: (English) Dr. Regina Mbayaki, Health Worker "We have clinical officers who are also seeing other clients...and from this around ten are referred to the VCT Centre, because of the condition they are presenting with. And from the ten maybe for the 4 or the 3 may be found to be HIV positive." 10. Close up of medicine 11. Wide shot inside pharmacy 12. Medium shot of waiting room 13. Pan of George Olali in the slum 14. Medium shot in alley walking towards his house 15. SOUNDBITE: (English) George Olali, HIV Positive "I am HIV positive. I have been positive for the last 15 years. I used to work with Kenya Railways. My wife is positive as I am. We are living positively. Actually, currently she is sick...she has been up country. She came back on Saturday and she is suffering from Meningitis." 16. Medium shot of George with his wife Hilda in the bedroom lying on the bed 17. Close up of Hilda STORYLINE: As the G8 countries prepare to meet in Scotland next week, top of their agenda will be Africa and one of the continent's main battles- the fight against HIV/AIDS. Globally about 40 million people are living with the AIDS virus, 25.4 million of them in sub-Saharan Africa, according to U.N. figures. Kibera is one of the slums at the outskirts of the capital Nairobi where more than 600,000 people live. The average income is only 2 US cents per day, which is not enough for survival. Besides poverty and poor hygiene, widespread tuberculosis and AIDS/HIV infections constitute a particular hazard to human life. An estimated 60 per cent of the population in Kibera is infected with AIDS/HIV alone. Hardest hit is sub-Saharan Africa, where HIV/AIDS has slashed life expectancy rates, orphaned 13 million children, and now threatens to reverse decades of socio-economic progress. To make matters worse, research suggests that the AIDS pandemic is only in the early stages of its development. More than 1.5 million Kenyans have died from the disease, while an estimated 2.5 million of its 31.6 million citizens are currently HIV infected. As life expectancy has dropped by 18 years to 45, an estimated 1.2 million Kenyan children have lost at least one parent. One fifth of the estimated 2.5 million Kenyans living with HIV reside in Kibera, where at least 50,000 AIDS orphans roam the streets. Educating boys and young men about HIV and AIDS presents one of the biggest challenges across Africa, home to 70 percent of the people in the world living with HIV. About 200,000 people die of AIDS every year in Kenya . Kibera is home to 1.5 million Kenyans representing half the population of Nairobi. HIV/AIDS is rife, affecting up to 5 per cent of the population with very limited facilities for provision of healthcare. George 44, and his wife Hilda 28, are HIV positive. They have two sons but they do not know their status as they have not shown any signs of disease. George has been living with the disease for 15 years and started on the drug ARV only last year. At the moment George works as a volunteer counsellor for AMREF (African Medical and Research Foundation),counselling people living with HIV and giving advice. There are millions of people suffering like George and Hilda across Africa and decisions made at the G8 summit in Gleneagles could be their only chance of survival.
VENEZUELA: CONSTITUTIONAL ASSEMBLY MEETING: CHAVEZ
TAPE_NUMBER: EF99/1200 IN_TIME: 03:26:28 - 09:20:16 // 19:06:46 LENGTH: 02:56 SOURCES: BBC RESTRICTIONS: No Access UK/CNN/CNBC/Euronews/Internet FEED: VARIOUS (THE ABOVE TIME-CODE IS TIME-OF-DAY) SCRIPT: Spanish/Nat Venezuela's constitutional assembly has voted to prohibit the extradition of Venezuelans to other countries, increasing fears the country could become a haven for criminals. The assembly was set up by Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez and is currently reviewing the constitution. While the new constitution will be put before the country in a referendum in December or January, critics believe the leftist Chavez is setting himself up as an authoritarian ruler. Opponents accuse him of being an embryonic dictator. But to most Venezuelans, Chavez is the champion of the poor and dispossessed. This old woman wants to help resolve a 9 year crisis over her slum dwelling. Chavez assigns a senior army officer to sort it out. It's the kind of gesture his critics condemn as populist, but which many Venezuelans would interpret as the action of a passionate man intent upon shaking up the established order. SOUNDBITE: (Spanish) "He's an envoy from God and people here have to support him." SUPER CAPTION: Old woman, helped by Chavez SOUNDBITE: (Spanish) "A president who is elected by 60 percent of the people is here to fulfill a commitment and I'm fulfilling a democratic obligation. A tyrant would have knocked the old lady over and an authoritarian would be massacring people." SUPER CAPTION: Hugo Chavez, Venezuelan President One of Chavez's challenges is to raise living standards. Although Venezuela is the world's third largest oil exporter, decades of corruption have condemned 80 percent of the people to a life below the poverty line. Chavez is revolutionising institutions which he believes contributed to the decline, such as the parliament and courts. Parliament has been neutered, replaced by an assembly packed with Chavez supporters. The assembly is rushing to draft a new constitution which will give even greater powers to the president. Demonstrators are allowed in to lobby the new lawmakers which gives the appearance of democracy at work. But historian Jorge Olabarria disagrees. SOUNDBITE: (English) "My personal feeling is that unfortunately this is going to a system of tyrannical personal rule, very demagogic, very populist." SUPER CAPTION: Jorge Olabarria, historian Chavez has his own weekly talk show on national radio. It's a forum for people to air their grievances and also an opportunity for the president to reinforce his philosophy. SOUNDBITE: (Spanish) "We are advancing towards great political change. The constitutional assembly, peaceful revolution, democracy, struggle and a great economic change." SUPER CAPTION: Hugo Chavez, Venezuelan President If living standards fail to rise, Chavez's honeymoon with the voters might end. If the going gets tough for Chavez, Venezuelans may discover just how tough he can be. SHOTLIST: Venezuela - Recent XFA 1. Various of President Chavez with old woman 2. SOUNDBITE: (Spanish) Old Woman, helped by Chavez 3. SOUNDBITE: (Spanish) Hugo Chavez, Venezuelan President 4. Various street scenes showing poverty in Venezuela 5. Exterior of Parliament 6. Assembly members meeting outside 7. Demonstrators chanting 8. Set up shot of Jorge Olavarria, historian 9. SOUNDBITE: (English) Jorge Olavarria, historian 10. Guards on roof of 11. Various of Chavez in radio studio 12. SOUNDBITE (Spanish) Hugo Chavez, Venezuelan President 13. Close up guards face, pan to Chavez greeting people 14. Chavez talking to woman?
US NO Poor - New Orleans poor struggle to cope with Katrina
NAME: US NO POOR 210905N TAPE: EF05/0847 IN_TIME: 10:29:53:06 DURATION: 00:03:15:06 SOURCES: APTN DATELINE: New Orleans - 20 Sep 2005 RESTRICTIONS: SHOTLIST: 1. Ramshackle apartment in slum near French quarter, shirtless, bearded man walks past woman in wheelchair 2. Woman hoists herself up into wheelchair 3. Man listening to radio and smoking cigarette 4. Close-up radio with speakers next to cigarettes 5. Pan from "New Orleans" tattoo on man's knee, pan to man smoking 6. Interior of wrecked house, man walks through past wrecked stove 7. Close-up hole in ceiling 8. Wrecked toilet 9. Man looking through opening into room 10. Pan from mattress up against TV to box spring covered with debris 11. SOUNDBITE (English): Jim Osborne, New Orleans Resident: "So it blew the kitchen wall out and we were in the bedroom. And we're living with that. And then I saw the walls start pushing in like this here, and Debra said it looks like this is something that's gonna (going to) come down. And I said "no, it ain't (is not)." It came down on top of us, so I shot over here to these people's house. My friends." 12. Jim Osborne and Debra Allison seated 13. Salvation Army volunteer hands a bag of apples to man out of truck 14. General views another volunteer talking to a local resident about religion 15. Tilt up from household items to Jim receiving them from Salvation Army volunteer 16. SOUNDBITE (English): Jim Osborne, New Orleans Resident: "You know, the military and the police and the Salvation Army have been carrying us through it. I mean I got 50 gallons of water and food and more. I'm doing better now that I was before the storm. I'm poor." 17. Wide shot Allison giving man haircut 18. Closer shot of Allison cutting hair 19. SOUNDBITE (English): Debra Allison, New Orleans Resident: "Well, what I want to do, is clean this little place up and get back to the business that Jim and I do together. And make some money." 20. Allison and Osborne talking 21. Close-up tattoo on Jim's leg 22. SOUNDBITE (English): Jim Osborne, New Orleans Resident and Debra Allison, New Orleans Resident: Osborne: "I don't know about her, though, but I may ship her out, man. It depends. I'll see how bad it is." Allison: "You ain't gonna ship me nowhere. I may not have legs, but I am not going." 23. Couple pass by with Jim pushing Debra in wheelchair 24. Rear view of couple going down damaged street STORYLINE: Hurricane Katrina hit the poorest hardest. Many simply couldn't afford to evacuate, or were afraid they'd lose benefit cheques if they left home. Jim Osborne and Debra Allison were among a group of about 50 residents of one of New Orleans' most infamous downtown slums who stayed throughout the storm. The couple have been together for 18 years. They make money doing odd jobs, reading fortunes, cutting hair, selling scrap. Debra is confined to a wheelchair most of the time. Jim and Debra had a harrowing experience when the full force of the hurricane hit the house where they were renting a room. So they fled to a friend's place, five blocks away. And now they, like their neighbours, wait for life's basic needs to come to them via the authorities and charity organisations like the Salvation Army. One relief truck has been coming daily, so regularly that neighbourhood residents know what time to expect food, household supplies and ice. They also receive counselling, both practical and spiritual, but seem focused on the material, in some cases claiming they are eating better than before the storm. Debra cut a friend's hair on Tuesday, making a couple of dollars from a neighbour. The neighbour, in turn, had made a bit of money helping with the clean-up. Debra hopes that in the near future the area will return to some sort of normality. But, with Hurricane Rita threatening the Gulf Coast once again, the couple will again have to decide how to respond to new evacuation orders. Jim is afraid that his arrest record for grand theft will make it hard or even impossible to return to his home if he leaves. But he doesn't want to take any chances on the health of his partner - after Katrina, he had to move her to safety, buoyed in a tyre inner-tube. Debra says that no matter what, she's not going anywhere. No matter what they choose, it will be hard for either to escape their own poverty, and the damage to the only place they feel they can call home.
Haiti Release - US citizens released after four-day kidnap ordeal
NAME: HAI RELEASE 20060103Ix TAPE: EF06/0007 IN_TIME: 10:48:45:15 DURATION: 00:03:12:15 SOURCES: AP TELEVISION DATELINE: Port au Prince, 2 Jan 2006 RESTRICTIONS: SHOTLIST: 1. Petionville Street, traffic and pedestrians 2. Eaton walks into apartment compound where he lived before being kidnapped 3. Eaton in apartment collecting his belongings, looks at papers 4. Eaton in apartment, picks up bags 5. SOUNDBITE (English) Frank Eaton, kidnap victim: "You don't know if they're going to kill you; you don't know if they're going to rape you; you don't know if you're going to be beaten; you don't know if you're going to be gun-whipped, you know. It's just kind of, there's just no ... It's just the uncertainty." 6. SOUNDBITE (English) Alain Maximilien, kidnap victim: "They were probably going to kill him first is what they were saying, was the rhetoric, because as far as they could tell he had nobody on hand in the country to be able to make things happen quickly. So by killing him, they were basically telling me, by killing him we're really going to be able to squeeze, we're going to be able to put the foot on the neck of the people who are working on you." 7. Wide pan of Cite Soleil 8. Wide shot of area of Cite Soleil where it's believed the US men were held 9. Crowded street in Cite Soleil 10. Pan of slum houses in Cite Soleil 11. Slum houses in Cite Soleil 12. SOUNDBITE (English) Frank Eaton, kidnap victim: "I got to get out of Cite Soleil; my kidnappers have to stay in Cite Soleil. You know, it's filthy, it's overcrowded, there's no money, you know. That's their life. They live there, they do what they can. You know, I'm not saying, you know, 'I'm in love with these guys because they're just doing their job.' But, you know, it's crime perpetrated against the one opportunity in this country because there's no investment." 13. SOUNDBITE (English) Alain Maximilien, kidnap victim: "All of them had MINUSTAH (United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti) wounds, young kids, teenagers, men, women. It just is a part of life there, like your voice changing when you are a boy turning into a man. It is part of growing up there that you get hit by a bullet." 14. Wide shot of UN (MINUSTAH) post in Cite Soleil 15. Zoom in to sand bags and gun at UN post in Cite Soleil 16. Boys throwing rocks at UN vehicle in Cite Soleil 17. Wide shot of Cite Soleil street, UN armoured vehicle in background, shot fired 18. SOUNDBITE (English) Alain Maximilien, kidnap victim: "What better time than right before the election to scare the hell out of people to not want to leave their house. Especially these people are Lavalas (supporters of Lavalas Family party of former Haitian President Jean-Bertrand). These people believe the same way I was kidnapped, they believe their leader was kidnapped." 19. Wide exterior of Port au Prince International Airport (Aeroporte International Toussaint Louverture) 20. Car arrives at VIP entrance 21. Various of Eaton getting out of vehicle 22. Eaton and US embassy officials into VIP entrance at airport, door closes STORYLINE: Two US citizens on Monday spoke of their recent kidnapping ordeal at the hands of gunmen in the Haitian capital Port-au-Prince. Thirty-year-old Frank Eaton and 33-year-old Alain Maximilien were kidnapped together on December 28 and held for three and four nights respectively in the city's largest slum, Cite Soleil, until 10,000 (US) dollars each was paid in ransom. Eaton was released the afternoon of December 31. Maximilien was freed on New Year's Day. Maximilien, a radio personality known as the Haitian Hillbilly with a three-times-a-week rock 'n' roll show in English, is fluent in Haitian Creole and has spent his life between his hometown Pittsburgh and Haiti. Eaton, who was working on a documentary, had been in Haiti for less than three weeks when he was captured. Both men recalled their fear when threats against their lives were made as negotiations for their release stalled a number of times. Despite their ordeal, the men said they understand why kidnapping occurs in Haiti given the level of poverty. While Maximilien says he will stay in Haiti, Eaton left on Monday for his home in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. He was escorted to the airport by officials from the US embassy.
South Africa Summit 2 - Update on Earth Summit
TAPE: EF02/0724 IN_TIME: 22:40:40 DURATION: 4:57 SOURCES: APTN RESTRICTIONS: DATELINE: Johannesburg - 27 August 2002 SHOTLIST: APTN Johannesburg, August 27, 2002 1. Wideshot, exterior of conference centre 2. Various of flags and banners outside building 3. Various of delegates in conference hall 4. SOUNDBITE: (English) Margaret Beckett, Head of UK Delegation "Again I believe it is the World Bank who've identified that if we open up markets to access in particular for agricultural produce, that we could improve flows of finance to some one-hundred-and-fifty billion dollars a year, which is almost three times what we give in direct aid." 5. Wideshot, news conference given my South African government 6. SOUNDBITE: (English) Alec Erwin, South African trade minister "I mean for us, it is critical that the issue of subsidies in agriculture gets addressed. And here, I think, its important to understand some of the differences. All parties in Dohar agreed on the need to remove export subsidies - thats a direct subsidy to an export. The more contentious area is that the practise in the US and the European Union in particular of supporting the income, so various means to support the income of farmers in those economies. And we all argue that is therefore also a support for their ability to export." 7. Cutaway, journalist asking question WSSCC (Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council) - File Nairobi 8. Various, rubbish and squalor in Nairobi slums APTN Johannesburg - August 27, 2002 9. Wideshot of press conference given by Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) 10. SOUNDBITE: (English) Sir Richard Jolly, Chairman of WSSCC "Why is WASH (name of campaign) the big issue. Six thousand children die a day worldwide, from water-bourne diseases. We tend to think of the answer as water. WASH says the reason is water, of course impure and so forth, but also inadequate sanitation and lack of knowledge of hygiene. WASH says the answer to these six-thousand deaths needs to be action in the whole of the three areas." 11. Cutaway, journalists WSSCC (Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council) - File Nairobi 12. Various of rubbish and squalor in Nairobi slums 13. Various of children playing at water tap 14 Close shot of child 15. Women washing clothes 16. Wide shot, exterior of Netcor building 17. Wide shot, news conference 18. Various, news conference 19. SOUNDBITE: (English) Emaka Anyauka, WWF Nigeria "We now have in Johannesburg what I believe is a very critical opportunity to address the issue of sustainable development. And to make key decisions about the future of our planet. While Rio, ten years ago, I was privileged to be in Rio ten years ago, I was in office then. And Rio was about policy creation. Johannesburg is meant to focus on delivery; agreeing on ways and means of implementing commitments, on poverty eradication, on environmental protection and on enhanced sustainable development governments." 20. Cutaway, journalists 21. SOUNDBITE: (English) Voxpop, Angolan citizen of South Africa "Well as an African I can only expect the best for the continent. Which means that this conference will come up with good resolutions, including the environment, water, health and everything you know." 22. SOUNDBITE: (English) Voxpop, EU delegate "I expect a better future for everybody, not only for those living in the developing world, that they can get out of poverty. But also for everybody for having nature preserved, also, its in the interests of everybody I think." 23. Exterior of conference centre STORYLINE: As delegates to the Earth Summit debated how best to deliver assistance to the developing world, aid organisations were on Tuesday lobbying for what they perceived as the most urgent needs of the poor. Developing nations are trying to extract pledges of more aid and technology, along with greater access to Western markets from the summit. However the United States is resisting any new aid targets and demanding that aid recipients reduce corruption. During Tuesday's session, many delegates criticised European and American agricultural subsidies, saying they made it difficult for poor farmers to compete on the world market. The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) has launched a campaign called WASH, to inform people of the importance of basic hygiene and the importance of washing with soap. Chairman of WSSCC Sir Richard Jolly says that people should be informed of how to maintain hygiene, as well as be supplied with clean, fresh water. He believes education and communication are part of the solution. But is order to wash, communities need clean water. According to the World Health Organization, each year there are approximately five to ten million (m) deaths caused by water-related diseases, with more than 250 (m) million cases reported. Indeed the WHO believe that by 2025, two thirds of the world are expected to live in areas of water shortage or stress and it is calling for developed nations to act now to address this issue. Meanwhile the World Wildlife Fund urged rapid action on basic sanitary measures for communities vulnerable to disease. Emaka Anyauka of WWF Nigeria pointed out that whilst the environment al summit held in Rio ten years ago was about policy-creation. The current one was expected to be implementing those policies.
Kenya Africa Food
AP-APTN-0930: Kenya Africa Food Tuesday, 15 May 2012 STORY:Kenya Africa Food- UN reports says a quarter of Africans routinely short of food LENGTH: 03:01 FIRST RUN: 0730 RESTRICTIONS: AP Clients only TYPE: English/Nats SOURCE: AP TELEVISION/UNDP STORY NUMBER: 741111 DATELINE: Various - Recent LENGTH: 03:01 SHOTLIST: AP TELEVISION - AP CLIENTS ONLY Nairobi, Kenya - 13 May 2012 1. Various of Nairobi highway under construction UNDP - AP CLIENTS ONLY Nairobi, Kenya - 18 April 2012 2. Mid of a Chinese engineer giving instructions to workers 3. Various of buildings under construction AP TELEVISION - AP CLIENTS ONLY Nairobi, Kenya - 14 May 2012 4. Wide of United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Africa Bureau Chief Economist, Pedro Conceicao, at media conference 5. Mid of journalist 6. Wide of slideshow on food insecurity 7. SOUNDBITE: (English) Pedro Conceicao, Chief Economist, UNDP Regional Bureau for Africa: "This report is about the paradox that we have seen in Africa, in sub-saharan Africa over the last decade: where we have seen a great improvement in economic performance but it hasn't been followed by improvement in food security. So the report tries to understand why we are in this situation and looks in to policy options to enable the continent to move towards a new cycle where there is enhancement in economic growth along with improvement in food security." AP TELEVISION - AP CLIENTS ONLY Mao, Chad - 18 April 2012 8. Various of malnourished children AP TELEVISION - AP CLIENTS ONLY Nairobi, Kenya - 14 May 2012 9. Various of Kenyan economist James Shikwati at his office 10. SOUNDBITE: (English) James Shikwati, Kenyan economist: "One would have expected the UN to focus on the existing global trade system which is valued at 36 (t) trillion dollars and Africa participates with only 3 percent. So if the UN really wanted to help African farmers, the point would be to leverage the indigenous crops and foods in Africa and have farmers access global markets so that they can also tap in to this 36 (t) trillion dollars global trade system." AP TELEVISION - AP CLIENTS ONLY Nairobi, Kenya - 13 May 2012 11. Various of a woman selling food in Korogocho slum 12. Various of slum dwellers eating food. 13. Mid of 31-year-old mother of three Veronica Waiyego making sandals as her children look on 14. Tilt-up of children 15. SOUNDBITE: (Swahili) Veronica Waiyego, 31-year-old slum dweller and sandal maker: "You want your children to have tea in the morning, you want them to have lunch and you also want them to have dinner in the evening but sometimes they have to skip lunch. They have to skip lunch so that they can have something to eat in the evening and when you are talking about the tea in the morning, it does not even have milk." 16. Close-up of Waiyego's sandals 17. Mid of Waiyego making sandals STORYLINE: As the rest of the world grapples with recession and unemployment, much of Africa is enjoying unprecedented economic growth. World Bank figures show that in 2011 Kenya's economy grew by 4.3 percent. The high-end real estate market in the capital Nairobi also grew faster than any other city in the world, according to a survey published by Knight Frank and Citi Private Wealth. But the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is warning that Sub-Saharan Africa cannot sustain present growth levels unless it eliminates the hunger that affects nearly a quarter of its people. THE UNDP made the prediction as it released the African Human Development Report on Tuesday. The launch of the report comes just days before a Camp David Summit attended by US President Barack Obama and African leaders to discuss food security in Africa. "This report is about the paradox that we have seen in Africa, in sub-saharan Africa over the last decade: where we have seen a great improvement in economic performance but it hasn't been followed by improvement in food security," said UNDP Africa Bureau Chief Economist, Pedro Conceicao. "So the report tries to understand why we are in this situation and looks in to policy options to enable the continent to move towards a new cycle where there is enhancement in economic growth along with improvement in food security," he added. Food security, as defined by the 1996 world leaders' Food Summit, means that people can consistently access sufficient and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs for an active and healthy life at a price they can afford. With more than 25 percent of its 856 (m) million people undernourished, Sub-Saharan Africa remains the world's most food-insecure region. Fifteen (m) million Africans are also currently at risk of starvation in Africa's Sahel region. Two-thirds of working Africans make a living off the land but the continent's cities continue to swell as people move to urban areas in search of opportunities. Levels of poverty remain high and with a population projected to exceed two (b) billion sometime after 2050, Sub-Saharan Africa will need to produce substantially more food. Africa is currently a net importer of food, although the continent was producing a surplus 50 years ago. In one of Nairobi's poor slums, a meal a day is considered a luxury for those who can afford to eat. One example is 31-year-old Veronica Waiyego, who finds it difficult to feed her three children after her husband died of AIDS. To make a living she assembles sandals. "You want your children to have tea in the morning, you want them to have lunch and you also want them to have dinner in the evening but sometimes they have to skip lunch. They have to skip lunch so that they can have something to eat in the evening and when you are talking about the tea in the morning, it does not even have milk," Waiyego said. The UNDP Report recommends social protection programmes such as crop insurance, employment guarantee schemes and cash transfers - all of which can shield people from risk and boost incomes. But critics argue that Africa should be allowed to engage in free trade and export agricultural products to Europe and the US. "If the UN really wanted to help African farmers, the point would be to leverage the indigenous crops and foods in Africa and have farmers access global markets so that they can also tap in to this... global trade system," Kenyan economist James Shikwati said. Clients are reminded: (i) to check the terms of their licence agreements for use of content outside news programming and that further advice and assistance can be obtained from the AP Archive on: Tel +44 (0) 20 7482 7482 Email: infoaparchive.com (ii) they should check with the applicable collecting society in their Territory regarding the clearance of any sound recording or performance included within the AP Television News service (iii) they have editorial responsibility for the use of all and any content included within the AP Television News service and for libel, privacy, compliance and third party rights applicable to their Territory. APTN (Copyright 2012 by The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.) AP-NY-05-15-12 0616EDT