History of Nazi Germany Part 1,2,3
01:59:42:25>>>B/W 1937 ZOOM IN from book on table, entitled The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich: A History of Nazi Germany by William L. Shirer. Germany, 1937. VS Nazi youth blowing long horns, with swastika flags attached, over mountains and in stadium (Triumph of the Will ?) Nazi parade, pageant almost, through city streets. Excellent shots of Nazi soldiers, or knights, on horseback in medieval (jousting) costume, some goose-stepping. VS nighttime parades by torch light, Hitler salutes. Excellent shot of thousands of torch bearers marching into stadium in formation to create swastika. Title card and credits roll. 02:02:33:23>>>B/W 1940s 1970s Part 1 - The Rise to Power WS entrance to Dachau concentration camp, lined by poplar trees (1970's ?). VS memorial camp - numbered stones mark where barracks used to be, security posts, guard towers, barbed wire fences, children and adults tour the camp. CU stone marker, Execution Range with Blood Ditch. Sign hanging on railings, KREMATORIUM. PAN INT crematorium ovens. Excellent shots of massive crowds cheering Hitler, good CUs - police control masses with good humor - Hitler waves from convertible, and balcony. INT, CU Hitler speaking from podium, good. 02:05:28:12>>>B/W 1900s - 1940s VS Hitler's hometown of Braunau, on the Danube, Austria. MS of inn where Hitler was born. MS and CU entrance to Benediction monastery in Lambach where Hitler attended school. Picturesque shot of Linz on Danube river. VS Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna, INT and EXT, good. ZOOM IN hostel where Hitler lived, Vienna. VS mass demonstrations in Vienna, pre-WWI. 02:09:18:09>>>B/W 1910s - 1920s MS Glockenspiel and mechanical clock, brief PAN Munich skyline. Parade through Munich, men carry large pretzel with ribbons attached. Excellent montage of party spirit in Munich (circa 1920s), beer drinking, musicians, beer hall, beer maids, dancing and singing. Montage of German industry, good - smoke stacks, ship building, zeppelin, airplane takes off. 02:10:25:07 BW 1910s VS Kaiser Wilhelm II reviewing troops, good. 02:11:30:01>>>B/W 1910s Excellent life in the trenches, WWI. Topless soldier washes himself, guard walks through trench during snow. PAN and VS bombed and rain-soaked landscape with soldier making his way through trench, dead bodies in mud and pools of water (good example of carnage of war / environmental desolation / destruction). 02:12:05:22>>>B/W 1918 1918, Erich Ludendorff and Paul von Hindenburg pose (they look very similar), good. Both military leaders walk towards CAM. VS defeated German soldiers return from WWI, walking along country roads, across fields and bridges, helping wounded comrades - good. 02:13:02:00>>>B/W 1900s - 1940s Weimar Republic leaders, Friedrich Ebert and Philipp Scheidemann, good. VS Versailles and signing of Treaty. 02:13:55:28>>>B/W 1920s Post-WWI, British search German civilians at checkpoint in Rhineland, British-occupied territory. VS poverty in industrial town - woman and children scavenge through mound of earth. VS bread lines, soup lines, soup kitchen - German depression. VS civil and political unrest on streets. 02:18:11:17>>>B/W 1930s 1930s - Hitler, dressed in suit, leans out of window, looking a march below. Hitler stands with crowd in street. PAN Ludwig Bridge, Munich. CAM retraces route to famous beerhall putsch through desolate Munich - through Isator and Isar gates, past City Hall. HA of Munich Infantry School in snow. MS armed guards on duty by road block with barbed wire, during Hitler's trial. CU Ludendorf greeted as he gets of out car on his way to trail. PAN, EXT Landsberg prison, Munich, where Hitler served nine months of five-year term. Pages from Mein Kampf transposed over moving images of German soldiers, non-German peasants, Hitler speech, corpse. 02:22:40:17>>>B/W 1900s - 1940s Good life in Germany montage - busy streets, traffic, cafes, stores, workers eating lunch, men fishing. Rhineland no longer occupied - Germans march through streets. 02:23:37:02>>>B/W 1900s - 1940s VS German President, Paul Von Hindenburg, in countryside with children, being presented with flowers by girl who makes curtsy, CU with trees in BG, good. 02:23:57:22>>>B/W 1900s - 1940s MS Hitler's chalet at Berchtesgaden. 02:25:53:28>>>B/W 1900s - 1940s EXT Nazi Party HQ, Munich. INT, Max Amann, publisher of Volkischer Beobachter, works at desk. VS workers in office, distribution of newspaper, men in uniform at table, working - very busy. MS men reading newspaper on wall. Train full of young Nazi members arrives for rally at Nuremberg - VS happy Nazis, Hitler Youth, making their way to rally, raising arms in salute, smiling and waving. Band plays on sidewalk as Nazi Party members march through streets, little boy waves baton. Women offer soldiers water from pail. Hitler performs banner ritual by joining beer hall putsch banners with off new Nazi banners (he looks demonic in this footage), excellent. 02:28:19:27>>>B/W 1929 Montage of depression in Germany, 1929. Unemployed men stand on line, gate closes on German factory, jobless and homeless people on street, begging, PAN handling, searching through garbage. Symbolic shot of man, in silhouette, standing still as large gates close before him. VS communist protest marches, banners, good. Excellent shots of communist speakers at huge rallies. Excellent shots of Nazi parade through crowded streets - marchers kick at, and push hecklers. Violence erupts along sidelines, punching and brawling. VS street violence, riots, unrest between Nazis and communists. 02:30:36:00>>>B/W 1930 German president, Paul von Hindenburg walking along street with can - joined by three girls who kiss him on his cheek. LA EXT shot of parliament building, Dem Deutschen Volke. 1930, Nazis salute as they enter building after winning one sixth of German vote - Goering enters, Goebbels smiles as he gets out of car and enters. Excellent shot of von Hindenburg making announcement that he will run for president again. VS Hitler's presidential election campaign - campaign workers hand out leaflets, collect contributions, CU supporter wears Hitler badge on lapel. Hitler campaigns, speaks at rally, to industrialists in Dusseldorf. Social Democratic cartoon satires Hitler's deal with capitalists. 02:34:08:00>>>B/W 1932 February, 1932. VS Hitler's propaganda campaign - truck drives through streets hurling literature at pedestrians. Tracking shot along city street with stark Hitler posters. Hindenburg election truck drives on city street. Chancellor Bruning makes speech and his supporters cheer. VS Hitler's campaign tour - good aerials shots of unidentified German city. Hitler walks amongst the masses, waving, saluting, shaking hands, at huge rally. CU Hitler in profile as he makes speech. VS election day - people go to vote - campaign workers wear placards like sandwich boards, excellent. INT Hindenburg voting. Clean up after election, CU sweeping posters from street. Hindenburg receives crowd's applause upon victory. VS Hitler post-election defeat. Good CU Hitler with Goering, Rohm - all wearing suits. 02:39:33:19>>>B/W 1933 VS nighttime celebration, fire works, for Hitler's new position as Chancellor, 1933. WA shot of torch-bearing throng. Swastika symbol lit up. Nazis march through streets in celebration. VS spotlight on Hitler who waves from window as Nazis march with torches below. 02:40:58:08>>>B/W 1900s - 1940s Excellent montage of Third Reich - Nazi members march through city street, Brown Shirts carry Swastika flag and chant from truck, argue with civilians, chant slogans with civilians on street. VS huge bonfire - burning of books ? 02:41:53:29 BW 1930s 1940s Excellent shots of couple roller-skating with Swastika flags around perimeter of outdoor rink. Folk dancing. CU Goering laughing heartily, surrounded by Nazi officers and sitting with woman (wife ?) Goering raises beer mug and drinks as crowd about his salute. 02:42:27:19>>>B/W 1930s 1940s Excellent goose-steeping Nazi troops, marching through city. Nighttime Nazi rally, Nuremberg, Hitler salutes, Hess stands next to him. 02:43:12:27>>>B/W 1933 PART TWO: THE ROAD TO WAR 1933, VS Nazi party parade in rain with spectators, good. INT Chancellor Adolf Hitler with members of cabinet, some seated, some standing behind leaders. Goering sits next to Hitler. Hitler stands beside Hindenburg in parliament, shouts, and those present respond and salute. Hindenburg shakes Hitler's hand, good. VS German communist party street demonstration, march, with banners, flags. VS large showy Nazi storm trooper funeral after clash with communist - Hitler and top ranking Nazis attend. MS Goebbels and Goering marching in funeral cortege. Feb 27, 1933, VS Reichstag in flames - aftermath of Reichstag fire - Hitler stands amid ruins. VS INT special session of parliament where Hitler is granted special powers - Hitler speaks from podium, good. VS SA police blocking street, patrolling park area, giving directions. Army brass band on horseback parades through city street. Various WA shots of SA drilling, CU men, good. VS Ernst Rohm, leader of the SA, excellent. VS Hindenburg's funeral, Hitler in attendance, good. CU coffin with soldier's helmet and swords on top. VS army swearing oath of allegiance to new leader, Hitler, excellent shots, CUs and pans. Army choir sings, Hitler and Goering watch from window. 02:51:53:08>>>B/W 1934 1934, excellent material of Hitler speaking to mass gathering of Germans, shows off his oratory style very effectively, and crowds response. Nazi banners and flags hang from building over street. Sign on building's facade, Ein Fuhrer. Hitler digs with shovel. MS train speeding along track, Teue dem Fuhrer written across one car. Hitler snips ribbon to open autobahn. Hitler talks to man, puts his hands on his shoulders. Dirigible with swastika printed on it. 02:54:42:26>>>B/W 1930s 1940s Women file past Goebbels, who smiles at them. Brief shot of Hess nodding at woman filing past him. Goering touches woman's, or child's face, brief. Hitler puts money into collection can ? VS Nazi Christmas party - children are offered toys. Excellent shot of Goebbels blowing into harmonica and then offering it to boy. Goering laughs out loud surrounded by children and Santa Claus. German industry montage - excellent. 02:55:32:05>>>B/W 1930s 1940s Wow! Hitler being driven though stadium in Volkswagen Beetle prototype. 02:55:51:04>>>B/W 1930s 1940s Excellent shots of Nazi Utopian plans for model city. INT museum, PAN nude sculptures of ideal man. Hitler and entourage tour museum, look at art work. 02:56:54:11>>>B/W 1930s 1940s Truck-load of Brown Shirts drive through city street with young men cycling alongside of them. They chant and carry swastika flag. CU sign with skull and cross bones, ACHTUNG JUDEN. Anti-Semitism. Brief shot of people pasting paper signs on wall. 00:59:52:28>>>B/W 1930s 1940s MSP-6 ACHTUNG JUDEN sign. VS Germans paste anti-Semitic posters on wall, surrounded by children who watch. Brown shirts picket outside of Jewish establishment. Anti- Semitic signs in Jewish shop window. Star of David painted on store window, people gathered outside, gawking. Group of brown shirts and other young men chant. 01:00:08:16>>>B/W 1930s 1940s CU uniformed Nazis and university students throw books, written by Jews, or other threatening authors, on bonfires. Nazi officers sit and sing as fire burns. 01:00:54:18>>>B/W 1930s 1940s PAN mountain range, Berchtesgaden. Eva Braun picking flowers in field, good. Braun is playfully thrown into water by male friends. Hitler with Braun and others in large drawing room. 01:02:27:06>>>B/W 1930s 1940s CU boys in band playing drums, brief. Montage of Hitler Youth, from very young boys drilling and wrestling to CU of adolescents standing to attention, good. VS Nuremberg rally from Triumph of the Will. 01:03:45:28>>>B/W 1930s 1940s Foreign diplomats visit Hitler, includes Vatican, or Roman Catholic representative. VS Hitler welcomes International visitors and politicians at the Reich's new chancellery in Berlin - EXT and INT shots, good. Hitler reviews military display and drill - artillery guns, air power, tanks and infantry. Ambassador von Ribbentrop, sitting on couch, reads statement to subdue British worries about German militarization. ZOOM IN map of Europe, highlighting countries Hitler is interested in. 01:05:48:02>>>B/W 1936 Invasion of Rhineland, March 7, 1936. German troops march across bridge, advance through town in horse- drawn wagons, on horseback, watched by civilians, good. HA PAN Vienna. Austrians welcome Nazi emissary, crowds lining street, cheer. MS Hans Frank, standing with other men, speaking with conviction. VS street violence and unrest in Austria. MS Austrian chancellor, Kurt von Schuschnigg. German soldier stands guard at Berchtesgaden, swastika flag hangs over balcony. Schuschnigg defies Hitler, but later resigns - MS Schuschnigg independence campaign posters on van, workers hurl literature from moving truck, CU poster Ein Freies Osterreich? Ja! VS Hitler claims Austria, March 12, 1938 - Hitler stands and salutes and waves from convertible. Children are brought to him from sidelines, offering flowers. Hitler smiles, surrounded by children, handing him flowers. 01:08:56:04>>>B/W 1938 INT propaganda ministry, Berlin. CU sign, Vorfuhrung Eintritt verboten - WOCHENSCHAU VS refugees leaving Czechoslovakia (VO says they're faked). German troop mobilization at border. Passenger train streaks across German countryside. British Prime Minister Chamberlain walks with Hitler at Berchtesgaden for talks. VS truck load of arms delivered to Nazis in Sudetenland. Chamberlain is greeted by Hitler for second meeting. PAN packed stadium for huge Nazi rally - banner reads Ein Volk Ein Reich Ein Fuhrer! WS Hitler speaking at podium. VS newspaper headlines, England. British, French and Czech troops mobilize. CU Chamberlain making statement at airport before final meeting with Hitler. Says, When I was a little boy I used to repeat, if at first you don't succeed, try, try, try again. That's what I'm doing. Appeasement. INT Hitler, Mussolini, Goering, and other Nazis chat and laugh. Chamberlain arrives for Munich conference. Premier Daladier of France climbs stairs to conference, shakes hands with Hitler who stands next to Mussolini. PAN of room, Hitler sits on couch while Goering, Mussolini, Chamberlain and others mill about. VS signing of Munich pact, September 30, 1938. Hitler leaves meeting, and building. Tanks roll along Czech city street - Germany occupies Czechoslovakia as people look on. 01:15:23:04>>>B/W 1939 Spring, 1939. Hitler makes speech in response to FDR telegram - when he reads out list of countries FDR mentions re. invasions the audience applauds and cheers, good. Tanks ready for transport - Germany mobilizes for invasion of Poland. 01:16:47:10>>>B/W 1939 CU women in audience watching Nazi feature film. Excellent excerpt of drama - brutish man rips woman's blouse apart (rape subtext) to reveal swastika on chain hanging around her neck. Polish brute rips the necklace from her and woman is stoned. INT Hitler and Goering converse in room with very high ceilings and floor to ceiling windows - both men walk across room with their hands clasped behind their backs. Ribbentrop waves before boarding airplane to Moscow, nighttime (non- aggression pact between Russia and Germany). VS invasion of Poland, September 1, 1939. Montage of invasion attack - tanks roll, air raids, bombs explode, large artillery guns fired, Polish people running through bombed streets. Aerial shot over city in smoke. Russian and German military meet, in field, to establish buffer zone in occupied Czechoslovakia. VS large groups of Czech men under arrest, lined up in street. VS Jewish men, wearing large stars, cleaning street, clearing rubble. 01:19:52:05>>>B/W 1900s - 1940s Brief, German trio sing on stage. Aerial Siegfried line. EXT German soldiers set up speakers, balloons. 01:20:21:12>>>B/W 1930s - 1940s Karikatur German animation, cartoon, mocking England and Winston Churchill - depicts England as wounded lion. MCU Hitler and military leaders strategize over map on table. German paratroopers jump from airplanes, good. Montage of destruction during invasions of Norway, Denmark, Belgium, Holland, and Luxembourg - VS buildings in flames, Luftwaffe bomb and strafe, Panzer tanks and infantry advance, bombs explode, cavalry gallop through city with muddy street - one horse and rider fall, building, engulfed in flames, collapses. VS infantry, under fire, running through city street. Goering and Hitler stroll and talk. Nazi Stuka dive-bombers bombard British evacuation fleet - VS damaged vessels and men being rescued and climbing aboard ships. 01:22:56:06>>>B/W 1940 Excellent montage of German invasion of France - German soldiers advance through towns, French POWs march through city streets and along country road. German soldiers march in Paris, Eiffel Tower in BG, excellent. French citizens watch invading army. German soldiers raise swastika flag. June 21, 1940 - signing of French surrender at Compeigne. Hitler and other Nazi leaders stand outside, laughing and being very jolly. Nazi and French leaders climb aboard railroad car and sign surrender agreement. VS Hitler touring Paris, through desolate streets, POV motorcade. Hitler stands on balcony and looks at Eiffel Tower. Panzer tanks move across fields. German planes take off in formation - VS flying. British look out at Cliffs of Dover. VS British RAF - pilots and crews run and board airplanes. Airplanes take off - aircraft in flight. VS wreckage of Nazi airplanes - British farmers turn over piece of aircraft in field. Nighttime Nazi rally - Hitler is driven through huge crowds, saluting. VS soldiers marching through snow. this section ends at 01:29:07:00 01:29:13:00>>>B/W 1940s : PART THREE ,Rocket in flight. VS German army retreating - infantry, jeeps, trucks, good. VS German soldiers destroying infrastructure as they retreat - using flame throwers, blowing up and ripping up railroad tracks, CU hand turns switch on detonator, building explodes. Winter, 1944-45, Germans build defensive barricades with burnt out trolley car. VS lines of people clearing debris from bombed building, passing bricks along line of women and men. 00:58:11:24>>>B/W 1940s NOTE TIME CODE CHANGE Repeat of clean up and people passing bricks along line. Excerpts from Nazi feature film Kolberg. Recreations of scenes of Prussia's victory over Napoleon - good battle scenes. VS formation of civilian army - Volks Sturm. VS women and men in training, firing grenade launchers. Brief aerial of bombed remains of Berlin. Subdued and tired-looking Hitler shakes hands, and talks with military leaders in conference room. March, 1945, Allied troops advance through bombed German city after crossing the Rhine. VS street fighting, sniper fire, as Allies advance through cities, good. VS German soldiers surrender - one soldier holds white fabric in his hand as he runs across field towards Allied soldier who then searches him. VS German POWs, walking along country road, sitting on ground, being searched. 01:01:21:22>>>B/W 1900s - 1940s VS Berliners watching ice-skating show at rink with no roof, good. Hitler reviews new soldier recruits, shakes their hands, and squeezes one boy's ear. Excellent artillery fire montage - rockets fired during day and at night, medium-sized artillery guns fired, tanks fire, explosions. Russian army reaches Berlin, tank firing in street, soldiers running through bombed out building, over rubble, street fighting. Civilian woman runs through battle - Berlin in ruins, in flames. Russian soldiers run up steps of destroyed Chancellery - VS EXT and INT extensive bomb damage. PAN total devastation of Berlin. 01:04:12:19>>>B/W 1900s - 1940s Eisenhower (?) visits concentration camp, brief. VS German civilians forced to witness corpses at camp. VS bodies lying on ground, in open coffins. Holocaust. German women cry, put handkerchiefs to their faces. 01:05:05:03>>>B/W 1900s - 1940s Nuremberg war crimes trial - prosecute, Robert H. Jackson, makes opening statement. VS courtroom. Nazi defendants, including Goering and Hess, stand in dock and plead not guilty. PAN Nazi defendants in dock, some wearing earphones, dark glasses. 01:06:33:00>>>B/W 1970s VS INT and EXT Dachau concentration camp (1970s ?) PAN children's drawings from camp.