Uganda Idi Amin Obit - Idi Amin, brutal former dictator of Uganda, dies at 80
SOURCES: APTN/AP Photos
RESTRICTIONS: see shotlist
DATELINE: Various - File
Uganda - January, 1971
1. Former Ugandan president Idi Amin on street with troops during the coup which brought him to power
2. Crowds cheering
3. Tank driving down street
4. Wide high shot of crowd in street
AP Photo - No Access Canada/Internet
5. PHOTO: Amin attending the opening session of the Arab-African Summit in Cairo, Egypt, March 7, 1977
6. PHOTO: Amin clenches fist, during the Organisation of African Unity summit in Khartoum, Sudan, July 21, 1978
7. PHOTO: Amin (on right) at closing session Organisation of African Unity held in Libreville, Gabon, June 5, 1977
8. PHOTO: Amin (left) talks with President Mobutu of Zaire during a working lunch in Kinshasa, April 23, 1977
Entebbe, Uganda - July 1976
9. Various of airport showing aftermath of raid by Israeli commandos on hijacked plane that was flown to Entebbe
Koboko, Uganda - January, 1978
10. Amin stepping down from plane, being greeted by officials
11. Various of troops during anniversary parade for Amin
12. Amin (on right) saluting march past
13. Various of armoured vehicles during parade
14. SOUNDBITE: (English) Idi Amin, Ugandan President:
"(I have no anybody intention from now onwards,) I want to be very friendly to entire world community."
15. Various shots of aftemath of Amin's border raid in October 1978 into Tanzania, shows dead bodies
Uganda - 1979
16. Tanzanian tanks firing in street, smoke
17. Various of Tanzanian troops along road
18. Tanzanian artillery fire along road
19. Tanzanian troops being welcomed by civilians dancing in street
20. Crowd cheering and sign reading, "Uganda Free Now"
Uganda - May, 1979
21. Amin at May Day celebrations, various shots of him standing for anthem
22. Various of Amin dancing with youths at May Day celebrations
Khartoum, Sudan - November 1976
23. Amin and President of Sudan, Gaafar Numeiry, walking towards camera
24. Wide shot of men praying inside mosque
25. Various of Amin and Numeiry seated in mosque
Kampala, Uganda - January 1977
26. SOUNDBITE: (English) Idi Amin, Ugandan President:
(Explaining why he agrees with the views of right-wing politician Enoch Powell) "London for Londoners, Scotland for Scottish, Wales for Welsh. Uganda for Ugandans (interupted by reporter), Rhodesia for Zimbabwean people, not for the white minority regime, and South Africa and South-West Africa for the black majority."
Alexandria, Egypt - May 1976
27. Amin with Egyptian President Sadat inspecting Guard of Honour
28. Various of Amin, Sadat, and their wives sitting together for photo opportunity
29. Wide pan of Organisation of African Unity meeting
30. Amin waving and smiling as he enters
31. SOUNDBITE: (English) Idi Amin, Ugandan President:
"If Rhodesia and South Africa can not accept immediate independent to the majority rule in this two country, including Namibia, then we must make really face them militarily (applause, continues talking but inaudible)."
32. Sign showing map of Africa and troops marching towards Cape Town
Uganda - date unknown
33. Ugandan flag, tilts down to show Amin saluting troops
34. 'Suicide' troops march past
35. Soldiers marching past
Idi Amin, whose eight years as president of Uganda were characterised by bizarre and murderous behavior, has died in a Saudi Arabian hospital.
Amin, who was 80, had been hospitalised on life-support since July 18.
He was in a coma and suffering from high blood pressure when he was admitted to the King Faisal Specialist hospital.
Later, hospital staff, said he suffered kidney failure.
Amin was forced from Uganda in 1979, fled to Libya, then Iraq and finally Saudi Arabia, where he was allowed to settle provided he stayed out of politics.
Former Ugandan President Idi Amin, exiled in Saudi Arabia after an eight-year rule marked by breathtaking brutality, was in a coma and in deteriorating condition on Monday, a hospital official said.
The hospital official told The Associated Press late Sunday that Amin's condition had stabilized. But Monday morning, the official said, "his condition has deteriorated again." He would not elaborate.
Amin, who served in the British colonial King's African Rifles and saw action in World War II in Burma, was a well-regarded officer at the time of Uganda's independence from Britain in 1962. He rose to chief of staff of Uganda's army and air force in 1966.
He clashed with Ugandan leader Milton Obote and ousted him on Jan. 25, 1971, when Obote was attending an a Commonwealth Summit in Singapore.
Amin was hailed a hero and the 250-pound (112.5-kilogram) leader was nicknamed Dada, or "Big Daddy." He even was chosen as the head of the Organization of African Unity in 1975 despite some members' objections.
Ugandans initially welcomed Amin, but his popularity plummeted after the East African nation descended into economic chaos and he declared himself president-for-life.
Amin grew increasingly authoritarian, violent and subject to mood swings.
It is estimated that more than 200,000 Ugandans were tortured and murdered during his regime, which ended April 11, 1979, when he was ousted by a combined force of Ugandan exiles _ including Museveni _ and the Tanzanian army.
Human rights groups say as many as 500,000 people were killed during Amin's rule.
Bodies were dumped into the Nile River after it became impossible to dig graves fast enough.
At one point, so many bodies were fed to crocodiles that the remains occasionally clogged intake ducts at Uganda's main hydroelectric plant at Jinja.
In July 1976, Idi Amin was humiliated by a surprise raid by Israeli commandos who rescued 100 hostages, mostly Israelis or Jews, held by pro-Palestinian hijackers at Entebbe airport.
Four militants had seized an Athens-to-Paris Air France flight with 250 people on board. The hijackers - two from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and two from Germany's Baader-Meinhof gang - diverted the plane to Entebbe, where they demanded the release of 53 militants held in jails in Israel and four other countries.
Idi Amin gave a speech at the airport in support of the PFLP and supplied the hijackers with extra troops and weapons.
Shortly after, Ugandan soldiers and the hijackers were taken completely by surprise when three Hercules transport planes landed after a 2,500-mile trip from Israel. About 200 elite troops ran out and stormed the airport building.
During a 35-minute battle, 20 Ugandan soldiers and all seven hijackers died along with three hostages. The Israelis destroyed 11 Russian-built MiG fighters, which amounted to a quarter of Uganda's air force.
Idi Amin believed Kenya had colluded with Israel in planning the raid and hundreds of Kenyans living in Uganda were massacred soon afterwards.
But from this time, Amin's regime began to break down.
Two years later Idi Amin was forced into exile.
After being ousted, Amin, a Muslim and member of the small Kakwa tribe from northwestern Uganda, went into exile first in Libya, then Iraq before finally settling in Saudi Arabia on the condition that he stay out of politics.