Belgium EU Migrants
Sicily president criticises EU border agency in its policy towards migrants
AFP-149M 16mm; VC-149M 3 4in.; VTM-149M Beta SP; NET-116 DigiBeta (at 01:00:00:00); Beta SP
MISC. NEWSREEL #1
AIR JOURNEY
British Instructional Films Ltd presents a Classroom Film. Grateful acknowledgements are made to B.O.A.C. <br/> <br/>Air to air shot of large seaplane. It lands on water. C/U of one of the aeroplane's propellers. Passengers from a British Airways bus enter a waiting room. The plane is towed towards the water. Sign reads: "Telegrams. A reminder. Have you sent your telegram? You can telegraph from this office to all countries of the world." A woman in shirt and tie speaks into a telephone. The seaplane enters the water. Sign on a door: "Immigration". Official checks a passport. C/U of him stamping the passport. H.M. Customs and Excise "Notice to Passengers". Customs officer checks a man's baggage. Passengers walk down steps. Man looks out to sea from a balcony, a motor launch is seen. Motor launch draws up alongside seaplane. Passengers board the seaplane from the motor launch. <br/> <br/>Crew of the plane including the pilot. A radio operator sends a message in morse code. Another man puts on headphones. A steward in a white coat polishes glasses. The seaplane's engines are started. We see the plane take off. Shots of the water being churned up. Shots from the plane of large ship below. Air to air shots of the plane in flight and of its shadow on the ground. Aerial shots of villages, a ruined castle and viaduct. Steward serves a meal to passengers. Aerial shots of roads and woodlands. Steward pours drinks. Aerial shots of fields and cliffs. A lighthouse. Woman drinks a glass of water. Graphic map of Europe. Starting point of flight (Poole) and destination are indicated. The route is over France, Corsica and Sicily to Cairo - illustrated by an animated aeroplane over a graphic map. Aerial shot of the pyramids. Egyptian men wearing fez hats watch the seaplane come and land on the water. Passengers are brought into land by motor launch. <br/> <br/>Two prints exist.
[Italy: Basilicata considers migrants as an opportunity]
France 24
Italy Immigrants - WRAP Views of boat that brought illegal immigrants to Italy
TAPE: EF02/0230 IN_TIME: 00:39:46 DURATION: 1:41 SOURCES: BBC RESTRICTIONS: DATELINE: Sicily - 18/19 March 2002 SHOTLIST: Sicily - 19 March 2002 1. Various wide shots of boat in port with blankets and clothing left behind on deck 2. Various of blankets 3. SOUNDBITE (Italian) Captain Sebastiano Scandurra, Italian Customs official: "The situation was terrible, women and children were everywhere, sanitary conditions were disastrous. I have seen some bad things in my time, but nothing like this." 4. Various night shots of immigrants getting into buses 5. Woman's face through bus window Sicily - 18 March 2002 6. Various interiors of the Palanitta sports stadium, helper handing out fruit to immigrants 7. Italian Red Cross workers entertaining children 8. Wide of hall with police near entrance STORYLINE: The Italian government has announced emergency measures and extra money to deal with the arrival of one of the largest groups of illegal immigrants to land on its shores. The one-thousand mainly Kurdish people on board the ship have been transferred from Sicily where they arrived on Monday to the Italian mainland for their asylum applications to be processed. Among the refugees were over 350 children. Members of the Italian Red Cross helped look after the refugees at the Palanitta sports stadium in Catania in Sicily, before their transferral to the mainland. They arrived in Sicily on a rusting 75-metre (247-foot) cargo ship, which started its voyage in the Middle East and which was boarded by Italian authorities as it neared Italian waters. From Sicily, the immigrants were transferred to a detention centre in Puglia, a southern region of mainland Italy that receives thousands of illegal immigrants every year.
Interview with Dr. Bernard Lewis pt 2
00:00:38>>> DR. LEWIS:,Yes, I think one has to try and remember the context of 1948. The Partition of Palestine followed not very long after the Partition of India, in the previous year; a similar operation, but on a vastly greater scale. And two years earlier, there was the reshaping of Central and Eastern Europe. You may recall, when Poland was, so to speak, forcibly moved westwards, Eastern Poland was annexed by the Soviets, and Eastern German was annexed by Poland, which sent many millions of Pols and Germans fleeing their homes, or driven from their homes. As in the other cases, one is never quite sure when they fled and when they were driven. But many millions of Germans abandoned or were driven from Eastern - the Eastern German territories, next to Poland, and many millions of Pols, from the eastern territories, and next to the Soviet Union, they were more resettled. ,00:01:38>>>,And the same thing happened in 1947, with the Partition of India. And again, the usual uncertainty; who fled, who was driven, and a combination of the two. Again, they were all resettled. A remarkable thing about the Partition of Palestine, in 1948, is that when I asked the Jews who fled over, or were driven from Arab countries, and went to Israel, they were all resettled. And the Palestinians were the exception. And those who were given Jordanian citizenship were not resettled, they were kept in camps. And the really extraordinary thing is that they remained stateless aliens from the fourth generation. A Palestine refugee, in 48', he went to England, or France, or America, was eligible for naturalization in five years. And his children born there, were citizens by birth. And he went to Syria, or Lebanon, or Egypt, his children, his great grandchildren, remained stateless aliens. And it was a rather remarkable paradox. 00:02:40>>> Why did they go? Well, as I said, the usual mixture, in some areas, they were undoubtedly driven in the -_____ area, for example, a strategic highway from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. On the other hand, we do have the testimony of ______, who was the Syrian Prime Minister, at the time. In his memoirs, he lists the mistakes which the Arab states made, in 48', which led to their failure. And one of them, he lists is our foolishness in calling upon the Palestinian Arabs to leave and go elsewhere, and thus making it easy for the enemy. INTERVIEWER: If the existence of these refugees is not so much an actual grievance, but a deliberately constructed one, what, on the basis of - DR. LEWIS: [OVERLAP] Well, they're not mutually exclusive. I mean it can be a deliberately constructed grievance, but nevertheless genuine. INTERVIEWER: Well, having become both genuine, nevertheless, what other grievance, what other grievance in this nation State of Israel, would encourage countries to want to not resettle in such a grievance ____. What's the real issue? 00:03:51>>> DR. LEWIS: The basic issue is in the point of view of the, of those who hold this news, is that Israel has no right to exist. You see, it should have equality between states, over territory, over frontiers. That is comparatively simple, like Alsace Lorraine and ______, after a long period of struggle, eventually, they reached some sort of compromise. You can compromise over frontiers. You can compromise over populations. You can't compromise over existence. I mean, if the basic issue is whether Israel has the right to exist, then obviously there can be nothing but a struggle to the death. There's no intermediate status between existing and not existing. And obviously it isn't even a subject which can be discussed. No government of any complexion is going to discuss its own existence, as a topic for negotiations. If one looks at the, at the discourse on the Arab's side, one finds both. Among some we find an acceptance, however willing, on Israel's existence, and a concentration on such practical issues as frontiers and populations. On the other hand, there is also, very clearly, particularly among the religious radicals, a total rejection of Israel's right to exist. Now, if you believe that Israel has no right to exist, that its very existence is an aggression, then obviously, any Israeli action is aggressive. INTERVIEWER: The British were in a unique position, going back now to (Inaudible) hostile things, and were allowed immigration, (Inaudible). Perhaps they could have done something better, differently. Perhaps they made some failures? 00:05:43>>> DR. LEWIS: Certainly, but normally the British government made a number of offers. And, going back to 1936, there was the Peele [PH] Plan, which would have offered a Palestinian state in a significant part of Palestine, and this was rejected by the Palestinian leadership. Then came another offer, during the war, which was again rejected. Then the United Nations Partition Plan, of 1947, which was again rejected. I mean, time and time again, there have been compromises proposed which would have required the Palestinian Arabs to accept the existence of Israel, of a Jewish State. It wasn't yet called Israel, at that stage, to accept the existence of a Jewish State in part of Palestine. But they steadfastly refused. 00:06:42>>> And instead, [COUGHS], instead sought - [OFF CAMERA COMMENTS] Time and again they refused, and suggested compromises, and instead carried on the fight against the British, as long as they were there, against the Jews, and against anyone seen as their patrons or protectors. And in order to do this, of course, they sought support, elsewhere, of a general principal who would be the enemy of my enemy, as my friend. The Mufti [PH] - the famous Mufti Haj Amin [PH] got in touch with a general council - general - in Jerusalem, within weeks of them coming to power, suggesting an alliance. The Germans hesitated for several years before they agreed to go along with this, and because they were still hoping to do a deal with Britain. But eventually they agreed, and the Mufti and his men were loyal supporters of the Nazis, right through to the end. Then there was a hiatus, when there was no enemy of my enemy. And then the Soviets emerged and gradually took over that role. So there was a long period of reliance on Soviet support. And then came a third collapse. Now only two reactions, since then; one of them was a frantic attempt to find a substitute. An attempt to find someone to play the role that was played, first, by the Nazis, and then by the Soviets, to find an anti-western power. The only candidate that they've been able to find, so far, is the European union. There are forces in the European Union, who seem to be willing to accept this role. But fortunately, even if they have the will, they lack the power. And the - other reaction is to say, we don't need any support, we destroyed the Soviet Union, we will destroy the United States. We took over, we will take over, and we will establish the power of Islam, once again, as it was in the ancient and glorious days. INTERVIEWER: As an American hearing all this, after September 11th, (Inaudible) now that you're concerned _____. If the problem, the very existence of the United States as a chief world power, is there anything short of just not being that, for it to possibly (Inaudible)? 00:09:04>>> DR. LEWIS: Well, again, it must come - a question of what - [OFF CAMERA COMMENTS] Well, the question is what does one do about it? Now, immediately, after 9/11, there was a very American reaction, what did we do wrong? What did we do to offend them? And that is endearing, but unrealistic. What really offended them was wealth and strength. It is very difficult to be rich, strong, and successful, and be loved by people who are none of those things. And I don't think there is any solution to be found along those lines. What I think is much more practical, it is to bear in mind that we are dealing with a whole world of Islam - an entire civilization - a billion and a third people, more than fifty sovereign states, and an enormously wide range of different traditions. We happened to be confronting a particularly nasty one, at the present time, the Wajabi version of Islam. Which is, as I suggested before, is about as typical of Islam as Ku Klux Klan is typical of Christianity. (Inaudible) give them a holy, spurious importance and relevance, because of the combination of Saudi power, and oil money. And with them, obviously, there can be no compromise, there can be no understanding, and therefore no peace. And the only thing one can do with terrorists, and those who inspire them, is fight against them, to the best of our ability. But it would be a grave error to assume that is what Islam is about, and that is Islam. No, one has to avoid going into either of the opposite arrows. 00:10:40>>> Since 9/11, a great deal has been read - a great deal has been written and broadcast about Islam, an awful lot of nonsense, not all of it by Muslims. And we get two extreme formulations. According to one, Islam is a religion of blood thirsty barbarians, who dream of nothing but slaughter and rapine. According to the other, Islam is a religion of love and peace, rather like the Quakers, but without their aggressiveness. The truth is in its usual place, somewhere between the two. And I think we need to be more realistic in our encounters of Islam. INTERVIEWER: A similar question then, what can, for example, Israel do, in its own recent confrontation, with a more radical ____, this _____ Martyrs Brigade, or Hamas? 00:11:34>>> DR. LEWIS: Obviously, in dealing with those, whose aim it is to destroy Israel, there is nothing that Israel can do but defend itself, as effectively as it can. But I think Israel can, and should do more. Do an open dialogue with Palestinians and other Arabs and Muslims, who are not committed to that particular interpretation of history. They do exist, it is possible to talk to them. And - here I may mention a point which may seem trivial, but I don't think it is. That is a, how shall I put it, well let's be frank, normal Israeli pattern of discourtesy. Not just to them, but to everybody, to each other. After the peace treaty was signed with Jordan, the Jordanians had high expectations; flow of tourists, business, dealings and so on. When I went there a couple of times, I found people very disappointed and very angry. And they said, the Israelis came here, and they behaved with the arrogance of conquerors. And I asked, specifically, what they meant, and they gave me some examples. And I said, you're quite mistaken, it is not the arrogance of conquerors, that's just normal Israeli behavior. That's how they behave to each other, all the time. I had difficulty convincing them. And this may seem a trivial thing, but I don't think it is. If you have to stop someone at a checkpoint, for _____ security reasons, there is no need to humiliate him. INTERVIEWER: Is there, is there an example of a kind of moderate leader? A leader within the Arab world who exemplifies the other option you're talking about, and how would you contrast him? DR. LEWIS: Yes, they do exist. I have spoken to them - [OFF CAMERA COMMENTS] But I'm not gonna - sorry - Moderate leaders do exist, moderate leaders who are willing to talk peace and compromise. I have met some of them. I am not going to endanger their lives by naming them. INTERVIEWER: Are any of the ones that we deal with, and see in the news every day, do they fit that description? People like Yasser Arafat or, I don't know 00:13:37>>> DR. LEWIS: I don't think Arafat fits that description. If one looks at the processes of the last ten years, one feels that - what happened, why did the peace process break down from time to time? It broke down when there was a real danger that peace might break out. And, in asking Arafat to give up terrorism, is like asking Tiger Woods to give up golf. I mean, this is what brought him fame and fortune. This is what made him a world figure. And just consider it, in his perspective, as things are, he's a world statesmen, a world figure - a figure on the world stage. People come to visit him from Europe, from elsewhere, and he commands the headlines and the television screens any time he wants them. If there is peace, he becomes the tin pot dictator of a mini state, a battler of a corrupt mini state in which he has to answer to his people, for all the many things that go wrong. I don't think choice is very difficult for him. INTERVIEWER: Can you imagine a rise of - a different kind of - I asked you this before, but just to clarify, a different strain within the Islamic world, that goes back to the time where Jihad didn't mean violent holy war, and (Inaudible)? 00:14:59>>> DR. LEWIS: There are many traditions with an Islam name. And, as I said, Islam shows great diversity. Indeed, Islam explicitly savors diversity. There is a saying attributed to the prophet, which says that 'diversity is god's blessing'. There are many different traditions. It is not for us that is to say for the outside world, to pick and choose traditions of Muslims. That is a charge they have to make themselves. But I think we should recognize them and be ready to talk to them when the time comes. INTERVIEWER: A little clarification-is the September 11th attack a unique instance of radical Wajabi terrorism, or is it really just a larger example of what happens with Hamas, or with _____, in certain situations? DR. LEWIS: Well it's, it's unique, only in the scale, not in other respects. INTERVIEWER: [OVERLAP] (Inaudible) DR. LEWIS: What? What happened on September -. INTERVIEWER: 11th. DR. LEWIS: What? INTERVIEWER: Sorry. 00:16:00>>> DR. LEWIS: What happened on September 11th was not new and not unique. There have been a number of other attacks in various places, in which we see the same total indifference. Take, for example, the attacks on the Embassy's in East Africa. In order to kill a dozen American diplomats, they were willing to slaughter a couple of hundred Africans who just happened to be there, who had absolutely nothing to do with it, but many of whom were Muslims. I mean, this kind of total indifference to human life, is characteristic of that distinctive approach which is characteristic of that approach, but not of Islam, as such. On the contrary, if you look at the, the literature on the holy law, which is very extensive, it does devote a lot of attention to holy war. But it is a law of war, it deals with such things as treatment of prisoners, treatment of non-competence, and so on and so forth. It gives no countenance at all to indiscriminate slaughter. INTERVIEWER: Describe the role of democracy, as a system and how that might interact with society, to effect the tone of its - even of its religious ____? 00:17:12>>> DR. LEWIS: Well, people talk a lot now about democracy, and about exporting democracy, and so on. And in the western world, particularly in the United States, there is a common belief that democracy is the natural and normal condition of humanity. If there's any deviation from it, it is either a disease to be cured or a crime to be punished. I don't share that belief. What we call democracy, is the parochial habits of the English speaking peoples, or the combat with their public affairs. It has a very short and checkered history, even on the continent of Europe. [BACKGROUND NOISE] And the expectation, that Westminster style, or Jefferson style democracy, could be transplanted elsewhere, and set up, and function, is a delusion. 00:18:02>>> That doesn't mean to say that they cannot set up civilized, responsible, representative government. It can be done. We have - it's difficult to be introduced from outside, but we have two examples where just this happened. You know, take, for example, the cases of Germany and Japan, where democracy was introduced by victorious enemies, and it has worked pretty well. Or take the case in India, where democracy was bequeathed by departing imperialists. And more than half a century later, in spite of its innumerable problems, India is still a vibrant, functioning democracy. And democracy has never been interrupted in India. So these things are possible. They are difficult, but they are possible. ,And I think that there are Arab traditions of government, which could, could end the development of democratic institutions. And here, I think the one with the best prospect is Iraq, oddly enough. For one thing, the Iraqis have had the ultimate experience, on non-democratic government. A thug-like dictatorship, this apparently, is also an importation from Europe. This kind of party - the party dictatorship, and has its roots in Rome, Berlin, and Moscow. And the Bath party, is modeled under fascist, Nazi and communist parties, in its role in the state and society, and it's a matter of functioning. 00:19:36>>> So, don't imagine that, that represents the true Arab, or true Islamic form of government. They know that very well, and they reject it, utterly. I think Iraqi is also promising, in that - of all the oil countries, Iraqis probably made the best use of their oil revenues. They used it to set up an infrastructure, and a pretty good educational system. And primary, secondary and university. Now, it's being devastated by Saddam Hussein. But when you have an educated middle class, they were somehow- could try to educate their children, even if the public schools had gone to pot. INTERVIEWER: You have a new book coming out, (Inaudible). DR. LEWIS: Yes, I have a new book coming out in April. INTERVIEWER: It will have come out when this is aired. DR. LEWIS: My new book, appearing in April - oh no, let's - how shall we put that. [OFF CAMERA COMMENTS] My new book is, is called Holy War - sorry - My new book is called - I forget, what is it called? [LAUGHTER] My new book is called is The Crisis in Islam, and its content is, I think indicated by the subtitle, Holy War & Unholy Terror. Which I try to discuss and explain these issues. And to put current events within a cultural and historical context. [END OF INTERVIEW] INTERVIEWER: Yesterday we interviewed a cleric, who said that - [OFF CAMERA COMMENTS] I spoke to you about Mustafabu Sway, earlier. DR. LEWIS: Mmm. INTERVIEWER: He said that, there cannot be - according to Islam, Islam, there cannot be a Jewish State on Islamic land. There can be Jews who enjoy the holiness of the land, and share (Inaudible) Jewish sovereignty (Inaudible). [OFF CAMERA COMMENTS] 00:22:49>>> DR. LEWIS: Yes, that is so. But it's not only that, it applies to any land. And, according to Islamic teachings, any land which has once been part of Islam, must remain so. And if, for any reason, he falls into infidel hands, it must be recovered for Islam. So this doesn't only apply to the Jewish State, in Palestine, it applies to Spain and Portugal, and Sicily, and any other country which once spawned part of the House of Islam. At one time, I had occasion to work on some Moroccan Embassy reports to Spain. And as late as the 18th Century, perhaps later, but I didn't look later, as late as the 18th Century, whenever they referred to a place in Spain, they had, May God speedily restore to Islam. INTERVIEWER: As you mentioned before, there are diverse viewpoints. DR. LEWIS: Yes, for the general viewers, that if a place has once been Islamic, it must become so again. INTERVIEWER: How will events - how will the aftermath of an Iraqi war, the next Gulf War, or perhaps the past Gulf War, affect regional developments, larger regional developments? Will it only - will it bring peace to the Middle East? Will (Inaudible)? 00:24:00>>> DR. LEWIS: Well obviously there are several possibilities. Let me take the best case. The best case is that they will succeed in setting up, I won't say a democratic government, but a civilized, tolerant, humane, open form of government in Iraq, which could develop into a democratic government. You can't create democracies overnight, it just doesn't work that way. If that happens, and I think that is a real possibility, I think the same would happen fairly soon, afterwards, in Iran. [CLEARS THROAT] Where, again, the people are more than fed up with the sort of clerical tyranny under which they live, and would be very happy to have an open, democratic society. And if those two examples work well, and I think there is every reason why they should work well, one might well see the spread of democratic ideas. 00:24:52>>> And you know, when people talk about setting up a democratic regime in Iraq, there are two fears that are expressed. One is the fear that it wouldn't work. That it would result in chaos, tyranny, break up, and so on. The other, which is much more relevant, is the fear that it would work. And that would be a serious threat to all the other regimes in the regions. I mean, a functioning democracy in Iraq, would be a mortal danger to that collection of dictators and autocrats that we call our allies. INTERVIEWER: In terms of - there is a certain view exemplified by people at think tanks, former policy makers, (Inaudible) and _____, who felt that Israel and Palestine has a symbol. If we can just solve the issues there, that, that are symbolic of what the grievance is. For example, divide Jerusalem equitably, and free Israeli settlement activities, that could show the kind of good will that would calm anger, Islamic anger. 00:25:58>>> DR. LEWIS: The very problem about this is making concessions that are obviously necessary in any peace process. But it has to be done in a context of peace process. Otherwise, making concessions is a sign of weakness, and will trigger a demand for more. And the context has to be right. And personally, I don't think that there can be, be seen on the Palestine issue, ahead of the others. People say, we must make peace in Palestine before we do anything about Iraq. Well that sends a clear signal to Saddam Hussein, make sure they don't make peace in Palestine. And he's been doing very well on that proposition. INTERVIEWER: Anything, any policy mistakes over the past ten years, to the Arab-Israeli peace process, for example, (Inaudible). DR. LEWIS: Do we have another hour? [CHUCKLES] INTERVIEWER: Have any of them been - could any of them been avoided or done differently, might have, might have made things better for this region of people. 00:27:28>>> DR. LEWIS: Yes. I think that Oslo, although it seemed a wonderful idea at the time, was, I think, looking back, a mistake. [CLEARS THROAT] I think there was a real possibility, then. Because, the PLO, the authorized leadership of the Palestinians, was isolated, and enfeebled, and abandoned. And they - the Palestinian leadership, had made a series of wrong guesses. In the world war - in, in the World War they chose the Nazis. In the Cold War they chose the Soviets. In the Gulf War they chose Saddam Hussein. And after three eras of such magnitude, there was a price to pay. The result is that, at that particular moment, immediately after the Gulf War, they were isolated, enfeebled, impoverished, friendless, even penniless because they had antagonized their Arab pay masters, by choosing the wrong side in the Gulf War. And that was seen by the United States government, and the Israeli government, at the time, as an opportunity for peacemaking. And in effect, they threw Yasser Arafat a life belt, brought him onboard, to start, and build, continued negotiations. 00:28:48>>> I think, as it turned out, I must say, I made the same mistake, at the time, I agreed entirely with what was being done. I think we were all wrong. We were all wrong. And whether it could have been done differently, in that situation, I don't know. But my guess is that there we are dealing with a leadership, for whom any kind of concession is a basis for demanding more. Take, for example, the breakdown after the offer from Ehud Barak. Now, there's been a great deal of argument, as to what precisely Barak offered. Some people say it was an offer of extraordinary generosity. Others dispute this and say that it was hedged around, and so on. Now, I don't think that's the point - whether it was a generous offer or not. Even if it was a generous offer. In a good faith negotiation, Arafat was entitled to reject it. If you're doing well in negotiation, and you get a generous offer, the natural thing to do is to try and get something still more generous. I have no quarrel with that. But in, in that case you would have to make a counter proposal. Well, he never did make a counter proposal. Instead he launched an armed insurrection. And when he had driven to the conclusion, that what he saw was a real danger, that peace might break out, in which case what becomes of him? INTERVIEWER: You sound, this is a final point, you sound optimistic when you describe the possible rise of democracy in Iraq, and given that, at times, he (Inaudible) in Iran. DR. LEWIS: Well, I don't have much faith in Khatami , INTERVIEWER: Okay, but - 00:30:24>>> DR. LEWIS: No, I'm, I'm cautiously optimistic. Let me put it this way, in, in the middle, if every - classified countries, in terms of their attitudes to the United States, we can divide the Middle East into three zones: zone one is countries with governments which we are pleased to call friendly, pro-American governments, and therefore, venomously, anti-American populations, because they regard America, with some justification, as being responsible for the corrupt tyrants that rule and oppress them. And, as they used to say in Moscow, it's no accident comrades, that of the hijackers and terrorists, from September 11th, the overwhelming majority came from quote, friendly, unquote, countries. 00:31:12>>> Now, the second zone, are countries with violently hostile governments, namely Iraq and Iran. And all the evidence is that the populations there are friendly, and wish to be friendlier. This is more so in Iran, than in Iraq. Most of the Iranians do not have the Iraqi experience of having been led on and led down, that the Iraqis have when, in 91', President Bush Sr. called on the Iraqi people to rise and revolt against the tyrant, they did, and then we made a cease fire and just sat and watched while the tyrant destroyed them, group by group and region by region. So, [CLEARS THROAT] the Iraqis are understandably wary. But even though all the indications are that they would welcome being liberated. 00:32:02>>> The third zones are the countries that both the government and the people are pro-American. And those, of course, are the only two countries, Turkey and Israel, where the government represents the people. In those two countries elections change governments, in all the other countries in the region, governments change elections. [COUGHS] [OFF CAMERA COMMENTS] In those two countries, in Turkey and Israel, elections change governments. In all the other countries in the region, those that have elections, governments change elections. INTERVIEWER: Is there anything that you might have left off, (Inaudible) a hundred years from now in the Middle East? 00:33:15>>> DR. LEWIS: [CHUCKLES] There is one other point, which may be worth mentioning, and that is oil. A time will come when oil will no longer matter. Either because Middle Eastern supplies are exhausted. Or much more probably, because a clean, renewable substitute for oil is developed, and we no longer need Middle Eastern oil. That, I think, would be the moment of truth. [OFF CAMERA COMMENTS] ,END OF INTERVIEW
++Italy Migrants 2
Migrants arrive in Sicily; 2 coffins, arrest
1 p.m.: [broadcast April 24, 2015]
A2 / France 2
DN-LB-669 Beta SP
STRENGTH FOR THE FREE WORLD: TRIESTE TO LAMPEDUSA: TWO ORCHESTRAS
Italy Immigrants - Ship with 1000 immigrants arrives in Sicily, baby in hospital
TAPE: EF02/0227 IN_TIME: 00:17:03 DURATION: 3:23 SOURCES: APTN/RTI RESTRICTIONS: DATELINE: Sicily, 18 March 2002 SHOTLIST: RTI Off the Sicilian coast 1. Aerial shots of immigrants' ship in the Mediterranean Sea 2. Various aerials with ship packed with immigrants 3. Aerial of police boats escorting the immigrants' ship APTN Catania, Sicily 4. Wide shot ship docking 5. Pan across the ship packed with immigrants 6. Various of immigrants onboard ship 7. Various of emergency services at the site 8. Close up priest 9. Wide shot Red Cross tents 10. Close up divers in water checking the ship 11. Wide shot Finance police (Immigration authorities) boats at harbour 12. Various of medical workers wearing protection masks getting on board 13. Various of families with children disembarking RTI Catania, Sicily 14. Kurdish woman with her baby in Catania Hospital 15. Various of doctors 16. Woman with a nurse STORYLINE: A rusty freighter carrying 1,000 immigrants, mainly ethnic Kurds, reached the Sicilian port of Catania on Monday under police and navy escort. It was the largest group of immigrants ever to land in Sicily, police said. Hundreds of women and children were aboard the ship, a 75-metre (247-foot-) cargo vessel named Monica, police said. They were reported in good condition. Italian police and Navy officials intercepted the ship overnight and took it in tow when it entered Italian waters. Earlier, it had been spotted by the French Navy in the eastern Mediterranean. According to first reports, many of the immigrants indicated they were from Iraq as they were getting off the ship. Among them was a woman who gave birth to a child overnight with the help of an Italian doctor who came on board by helicopter. Both the mother and her daughter were in good condition in Catania hospital where they were taken by helicopter before the ship reached land. The Interior Ministry said the would-be immigrants would be transferred to a detention center in Puglia, a southern region which sees thousands of arrivals every year. Each year, thousands of illegal immigrants slip into Italy by boat. Many of them travel to other European countries, such as Germany.
SOCIAL ISSUES
MONTAGE CATANIA, SICILY. CHILDREN PLAYING RING AROUND THE ROSIE IN THE STREET, MAN STEERING HORSE & CART FILLED WITH SACKS THROUGH CITY STREETS, NEWLY ARRIVED EXPATRIATE ARRIVING HOME CARRYING SUITCASE, IMMIGRATING HOME
Italy Migrants
Victims of 3 October shipwreck laid to rest in Sicily, Rome candle vigil
Italy Immigrants 2 - Kurdish asylum seekers arrive at refugee camp
TAPE: EF02/0230 IN_TIME: 23:55:53 DURATION: 0:59 SOURCES: RTI RESTRICTIONS: DATELINE: Bari - 19 March 2002 SHOTLIST: 1. Pan across sports hall packed with immigrants 2. Close-up of elderly man's face 3. Various shots of mothers with children 4. Various shots of humanitarian workers talking to immigrants 5. Mid shot of immigrants being registered 6. Wide shot of camp exterior, with children playing near trailers STORYLINE: More than 900 mainly-Kurdish immigrants who arrived in Italy on a rusting cargo ship this week were transported to a shelter camp near Bari in the south of the country on Tuesday. Some right-wing politicians in Italy have called for a state of emergency to address illegal immigration, which is expected to increase along Italy's southern coastline as the weather improves this summer. A total of 928 illegal immigrants, including hundreds of children arrived on the island of Sicily on Monday on the rusty, 75-meter (247-foot) cargo ship. Authorities said that most of the passengers were ethnic Kurds, and that the ship had started its voyage in Turkey. Italy's Cabinet is to meet on Wednesday to consider emergency measures to release funds to build temporary shelters and speed-up the processing of immigrants. Each year, thousands of illegal immigrants slip into Italy by boat or over land, but Monday's shipload was the largest group to arrive in almost five years.
SICILY - REACTIONS TO THE EU IMMIGRANT PLAN
A2 / France 2
Malta Rescue - Maltese Army rescues 228 immigrants from sinking ship
TAPE: EF02/0631 IN_TIME: 22:00:42 DURATION: 4:10 SOURCES: NET TV RESTRICTIONS: DATELINE: Off Malta - 25/26 July 2002 SHOTLIST Armed Forces of Malta (Amateur video taken by officer aboard patrol boat at time of rescue, 44 miles southwest of malta) 1. Schooner with immigrants aboard 2. Merchant ship shielding schooner from rough seas 3. Patrol boat manoeuvering to come side by side with immigrants' boat 4. Close up of schooner 5. Schooner moving towards patrol boat 6. Immigrants being pulled onto patrol boat by rescue workers wearing masks 7 Immigrants start jumping onto patrol boat 8. Army helicopter hoisting one of the immigrants to be taken immediately to hospital on mainland 9. View of schooner from patrol boat now crowded with immigrants 10. Close-up shot of dark complexion man w/ mustache and khaki t-shirt, suspected of being captain of boat (he has been arrested) NIGHT SHOTS - Valletta, Malta (NET TV) 11. Arrival of patrol boat in Grand Harbor of Valletta 12. Various of immigrants getting off boat 13. Immigrants being ushered into police buses STORYLINE: The Maltese Army rescued 228 immigrants from a sinking schooner in rough waters on Thursday. The boat, believed to be en route to Sicily from Libya, began taking in water as it made its way across the Mediterranean Sea. After the sinking schooner issued a mayday call, the Maltese army dispatched patrol boats and helicopters. The rescue operation took nearly 16 hours due to rough seas. The Maltese army successfully rescued all the immigrants aboard, including a number of children and pregnant women. The immigrants, mostly North Africans and Somalis, are being housed at a Maltese army barracks near to Valletta. It is not yet known whether the immigrants have claimed political asylum but if they are illegal immigrants they are likely to be deported.
[Brief plateau: Italy: migrants rescued off Lampedusa]
FR3 / France 3
Integration in the Italian, the italorrains
Grand Est
Europe Border - Report on EU borders as agency is set up to deal with problem
TAPE: EF03/1014 IN_TIME: 03:19:25 DURATION: 4:31 SOURCES: VNR RESTRICTIONS: DATELINE: Various, File/Recent SHOTLIST: Southernmost tip of Spain 1. Maritime border guard looking out to sea 2. Bags washed up on beach 3. Bodies of drowned illegal immigrants being put on boat 4. Various raft being intercepted 5. Young African girl being carried onto boat after being picked up at sea 6. Close up girl shivering 7. Map showing southern Italy/Sicily Sicilian coast 8. Various boats that carried illegal immigrants 9. Various detained illegal immigrants 10. Various Italian coast guard patrol 11. SOUNDBITE (Italian) Carmelo Santonoeito, Marine Police Inspector, Italy: "The sea is not like a road. The situation changes from day to day. And you're talking about a very large area. So if you need help, it can't get to you immediately." Bari, Italy 12. Trucks being driven off ferries at Bari port 13. Various scanning equipment- illegal immigrants inside trucks Italian/Albanian border 14. Exterior joint Italian/Albanian border guard command centre 15. Various Italian and Albanian border guards working together on motor launch 16. SOUNDBITE (Albanian) Iolajet Zeka, Albanian border police: "In the last three months of 2003 the number of illegal immigrants has dropped which shows our work is having an effect on the trafficking of people by sea." 17. Iolajet Zeka 18. SOUNDBITE (Italian) Fulvio Furia, Italian Border Guard: "We've noticed the increase in the powers of the border guards. They have acquired a certain autonomy and achieved convincing results by themselves with an ever increasing professionalism." 19. Two shots boats seized by people smugglers 20. Map of new eastern border of EU German-Polish border 21. Various shots of German-Polish border 22. Two shots van carrying thermal imaging equipment 23. Various thermal imaging showing movement of illegal immigrants Rome 24. Various shots passport control in airport Brussels 25. Sign at European Commission 26. Jonathan Faull, Director General Justice and Home Affairs, European Commission at desk 27. SOUNDBITE: (English) Jonathan Faull, Director General Justice and Home Affairs, European Commission: "As the people on the ground learn to work together, learn to apply the same rules, the same procedures in the same way, wherever they are, then of course it becomes possible to envisage closer cooperation in the future between them. But we don't see this as a stepping stone to anything else. We see it above all as an effective rational management measure to bring about and to facilitate better cooperation of the national border guards." 28. Tilt down European Parliament German-Polish border 29. Various of French, Austrian and Spanish border guards working on pilot project under control of German officers STORYLINE: The European Union on Tuesday proposed creating an agency to monitor the EU's external land and sea borders to stem an influx of hundreds of thousands of illegal immigrants and asylum seekers. Spain' southernmost tip - Europe's closest border to Africa - is a regular backdrop for human tragedies involving illegal immigrants. It's here that Europe became aware just how high the stakes are in controlling its external frontiers. The maritime borders in the south of Europe are some of the most difficult to secure. Italy, between the Adriatic and the Mediterranean - is on the front line. The coast of Sicily one of the first landing points for boats carrying illegal immigrants. Common European rules do apply to external borders but frontier surveillance remains a national responsibility. But it's a tough job and the costs of technology used in monitoring borders is rising continually. Cooperation with the countries of origin of the illegal immigrants is needed, and this is where the new agency will play a vital role. Initiatives between different national law enforcement agencies are already at work. This joint Italian-Albanian border command centre has been set up in Durres- one of Albania's main ports. Since 1997 the two border guard services have worked side by side. The motor launch is Italian, its crew is mixed, and both sides can see what a difference it has made. But there are huge challenges ahead. The enlargement of the European Union with ten new member states will bring with it new much longer land frontiers to the east of the continent. The border between Poland and Ukraine and Belarus and Russia will soon be EU borders. Technology will help in both the fight against illegal immigrants and smugglers of goods such as cigarettes. But officials fear the EU's expansion from 15 to 25 members in May could make the bloc's borders even more porous unless frontier controls are tightened and policies better coordinated between the member nations. A centralised agency would not be the beginning of a European border police force, officials say. But it will be its job to boost operational cooperation. Under the European Commission's proposals, the new border agency would open for business in 2005 with 30-strong staff and an annual budget of six to ten million euros (seven to 11 million US dollars) a year. The agency would research and share surveillance techniques, help nations train border guards at airports and seaports but without giving them the power to expel illegals. European Union governments will have to approve the plan. They have generally been wary of handing power from national capitals to the EU in areas of immigration policy, which touches on sensitive issues such as law enforcement, race relations and national security. Last month, EU governments dropped plans that they feared could lead to the Commission fixing quotas of legal immigrants for each of the member nations. Instead, they moved to speed up repatriation accords with countries in Africa and Asia. Human rights groups have warned cracking down on illegal immigration could hurt genuine asylum seekers. However, governments have sought to take a tougher line, in the wake of electoral successes by anti-immigration parties in several countries.
Italy Immigrants - Underwater video of sunken ship to prove 1996 deadly collision
TAPE: EF01/0469 IN_TIME: 22:26:31 DURATION: 2:56 SOURCES: La Repubblica/APTN RESTRICTIONS: DATELINE: Rome- 15 June 2001/ Recent SHOTLIST: La Repubblica - Recent 1. Various of underwater video purporting to show sunken ship and bodies of would-be immigrants who drowned trying to reach Europe's southern coast in 1997 APTN - 15 June 2001 2. Two exterior shots La Repubblica building 3. Various set up shots Giovanni Maria Bellu, La Repubblica journalist 4. SOUNDBITE: (Italian) Giovanni Maria Bellu, La Repubblica journalist "We dragged a vast area but not certainly not the whole, and there was a place where the camera filmed some remains of human corpses. At first fairly scattered and then more dense as we got closer to the wreck. The most shocking thing was that the pictures confirmed the reports of the survivors who were not believed at the time, that the boat was rammed by a second boat and intact on the side there is a huge gash." 5. Cutaway diagram of boat 6. SOUNDBITE: (Italian) Giovanni Maria Bellu, La Repubblica journalist "There was no serious research done, if a real search had been done then the fisherman of Portopaolo would have been under great pressure and would not have been able to throw the bodies back into the water." 7. Shot of newspaper headline and article STORYLINE: An Italian newspaper on Friday published what it said were pictures of a sunken ship and bodies of would-be immigrants who drowned trying to reach Europe's southern coast nearly five years ago. The pictures, taken from an underwater video shot about two weeks ago, document one of the worst such immigrant tragedies in Italian waters in recent years. About 280 people - mainly from India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka - are believed to have died when the boat went down on December 26, 1996. The daily La Repubblica said it commissioned the search for the wreckage because the tragedy had been ignored for so long. They accused the authorities of treating the accident as a 'fisherman's tale.' Survivors said the accident happened in the Mediterranean between Malta and Sicily, after a Honduran-flagged cargo ship carrying some 300 immigrants collided with a vessel that was to take them to a European port. The crash sent the smaller vessel to the bottom of the sea. After 29 survivors made it to Greece, rescue teams from both Italy and Greece searched the area, but reported no bodies or wreckage. La Repubblica said the wreck was lying in international waters off the coast of Portopalo, a port village in southern Sicily, at a depth of 108 meters (356 feet). The newspaper said bodies floated up in Portopalo for several weeks, but fishermen who found them simply tossed them back into the sea. It quoted several villagers as saying the fishermen didn't want to waste time to with police reports. Several of the photos showed skeletons half-buried under the sand or trapped inside the ship. Another showed a shoe. Others showed the wreckage of the 18-meter (59-foot) vessel. And what turned out to be a fatal journey for so many people didn't come cheap. Survivors said they paid between 5 and 8 thousand U-S dollars for the voyage.
Integration in the Italian, the italorrains
Grand Est
Italy Immigrants 2 - Criticism for policy of repatriation
NAME: ITA IMMIGRANTS 2 041004N TAPE: EF04/0980 IN_TIME: 10:18:44:14 DURATION: 00:03:29:00 SOURCES: APTN/RAI/GOVERNMENT VNR DATELINE: Various - 4 Oct 2004/ Recent RESTRICTIONS: SHOTLIST RAI Lampedusa - 3 October 2004 1. Small boat motoring in the water, pull out to port of Lampedusa 2. Italian police cars parked next to illegal immigrant women and children standing on pier 3. Authorities speaking to illegal immigrants APTN Rome - 4 October 2004 4. SOUNDBITE (Italian) Riccardo Noury, Amnesty International Italy spokesman: "It is a violation of a fundamental human right, recognised by human rights as the right not to be repatriated, the so-called right of no refusal. It means that a person who arrives in our country, a country that has been member of the UN Convention on the status of refugees, has the right to access the procedures for requesting political asylum." RAI Lampedusa - 3 October 2004 5. Italian official walking with a female illegal immigrant 6. Immigrants boarding a ferry 7. Immigrants embarking on an Alitalia flight bound for Libya 8. Immigrants walking along the airport tarmac with hands bound, passing media 9. Various of immigrants, with hands bound, boarding plane APTN Rome - 27 September 2004 10. SOUNDBITE (Italian) Giuseppe Pisanu, Italian Interior Minister: "On October 5th, the operation Nettuno 3 will lead to patrols on the water and in the air of the international waters most travelled by the immigrants, patrols which will be handled by Italy, Malta, with the participation of the United Kingdom, Slovenia and Portugal." Italian Government Handout Libya - 25 August 2004 11. Airport in Libya 12. Libyan honour guard standing at attention 13. Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi and Pisanu disembarking from a plane 14. Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi seated 15. Gadhafi, Berlusconi and others seated at a meeting 16. Berlusconi talking during the meeting 17. Berlusconi and Gadhafi walking behind a wreath being placed in memory of Libyan and Italian soldiers who died during World War I 18. Berlusconi walking 19. Berlusconi and Gadhafi standing in front of memorial wreath STORYLINE Human rights groups on Monday condemned the Italian government for its repatriation of hundreds of illegal immigrants who arrived over the weekend on Lampedusa, a tiny island off the coast of Sicily. Riccardo Noury, a spokesman for Amnesty International in Italy, said the repatriation of the immigrants was a violation of a fundamental human right - the so-called right of no refusal, which gives new arrivals the right to access the procedures for requesting political asylum. Reports said that about 360 illegal immigrants would be sent back to Libya and Tunisia on Monday, after more than 12-hundred migrants arrived over the weekend on the island that is closer to Africa than Italy. On Sunday, the illegal immigrants were held in a detention centre in Lampedusa that is meant to hold less than 200 people. There were no new arrivals on Monday, except for a boat carrying four people, according to local reports. A few hundred illegal immigrants have already been airlifted back to Libya, which is a jumping off point for most of the illegal immigrants reaching Italian shores every year. People-smugglers' boats set out nearly nightly for Lampedusa from Libya. The runs have increased recently, helped by calm seas and mild early-autumn night temperatures. Authorities have said they expected a rush of new arrivals ahead of a joint crackdown by Italy and Libya. Last week, Italian Interior Minister Giuseppe Pisanu announced a new international operation to patrol waters between Italy and Africa to bring a halt to the thousands of illegal immigrants who make the dangerous journey from North Africa every year. This year, Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi has made two trips to Libya to meet Libyan President Moammar Gadhafi and discuss ways to cooperate on the problem of illegal immigration. Relatively few of the thousands who try to slip into Italy by boat each year intend to stay in the country. Most hope to travel farther north, to countries such as Germany, with proportionally larger immigrant populations.
[Museum of the Invisible in Lampedusa]
TF1 News (Private - August 1982 ->)
Integration in the Italian, the italorrains
Grand Est
Italy Migrants
AP-APTN-0930: Italy Migrants Saturday, 26 March 2011 STORY:Italy Migrants- REPLAY Italian authorities facing migrant emergency in Lampedusa as more arrive LENGTH: 02:05 FIRST RUN: 0030 RESTRICTIONS: AP CLIENTS ONLY TYPE: Italian/English/Nat SOURCE: AP TELEVISION STORY NUMBER: 681411 DATELINE: Lampedusa - 25 March 2011 LENGTH: 02:05 AP TELEVISION - AP CLIENTS ONLY SHOTLIST ++NIGHT SHOTS++ 1. Coast Guard boat at the dock crowded with migrants and officials 2. Mid of empty boat used by migrants 3. Close of blankets on migrants' boat 4. Mid of migrants and first aid and migration officials 5. Mid of International Organisation for Migration official dealing with migrants 6. SOUNDBITE: (Italian) Titti Salzano, International Organisation for Migration official: "Today, thanks to an order from the Region of Sicily, there has been some change, the docks have been cleaned and we have seen the difference. From tomorrow, sanitation kits will be handed out so we hope that the situation will get better." 7. Mid of migrants on dock 8. Pan right of Coast Guard officials taking away migrants' boat 9. Migrant sitting by fire on the beach near the port 10. Migrants sitting in the dark on the beach 11. SOUNDBITE: (English) Karim Dhouib, 28 year-old migrant from Zagoan, Tunisia: "All these people come here for a good life, in Tunisia now life is not good. All these people come here for good life." 12. Mid of migrants around the fire 13. Wide of bus with migrants to be transferred to the airport 14. Migrants getting out of the bus 15. Migrants walking towards camera 16. Wide of migrants waiting at the airport entrance 17. Mid of policeman with mask talking to a migrant 18. Close of migrant smoking 19. Wide of migrants waiting at the airport entrance, policemen guarding them STORYLINE Growing numbers of illegal migrants continued to be a primary concern in Lampedusa, after around 400 more arrived to the southern Italian island on Friday. Some 5,000 people from North Africa are currently staying on this remote Italian island in the Mediterranean, equalling the local population and raising fears of a sanitation crisis. An official from the International Organisation for Migration, Titti Salzano, said on Friday that the situation was getting better because the docks had been cleaned and added that sanitation kits would be handed out to the migrants from Saturday. Trying to release the pressure, Italian authorities earlier on Friday ferried 550 migrants and airlifted 400 more to other hosting centres in the southern Italian cities of Bari, Crotone and Foggia. Hundreds of migrants have been flown off the island aboard special flights to Sicily or the mainland or put on commercial ferries to other Italian ports. Italian Defence Minister Ignazio La Russa said that sites had been identified throughout Italy to accommodate the growing number of migrants while their status was being determined. Italy has appealed to the European Union for help. Since the start of the year, almost 15-thousand immigrants, mostly Tunisians, arrived on the tiny island with an immigrant centre built for just 800. The Tunisians are fleeing confusion following street protests and the January 14th ouster of their long-time autocratic president, Zine Al Abidine Ben Ali. Clients are reminded: (i) to check the terms of their licence agreements for use of content outside news programming and that further advice and assistance can be obtained from the AP Archive on: Tel +44 (0) 20 7482 7482 Email: infoaparchive.com (ii) they should check with the applicable collecting society in their Territory regarding the clearance of any sound recording or performance included within the AP Television News service (iii) they have editorial responsibility for the use of all and any content included within the AP Television News service and for libel, privacy, compliance and third party rights applicable to their Territory. APTN APEX 03-26-11 0607EDT