[The Washington serial killer]
TF1 News (Private - August 1982 ->)
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.
AMERICA RETROSPECTIVE / PRESIDENTIAL / POLITICAL
CLIP REEL OF HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA). 09:59:22 SLATE. 09:59:59 FIRST TELEVISED PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE KENNEDY V. NIXON. CU KENNEDY - "I'M NOT SATISFIED 'TIL EVERY AMERICAN ENJOYS HIS FULL CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. IF A NEGRO BABY IS BORN, AND THIS IS TRUE ALSO OF PUERTO RICANS AND MEXICANS IN SOME OF OUR CITIES, HE HAS ABOUT ONE HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AS A WHITE BABY. HE HAS 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO GET THROUGH COLLEGE AS A WHITE STUDENT. HE HAS ABOUT A 1/3 AS MUCH CHANCE TO BE A PROFESSIONAL MAN. ABOUT HALF AS MUCH CHANCE TO OWN A HOUSE. HE HAS ABOUT 4 TIMES AS MUCH CHANCE THAT HE'LL BE OUT OF WORK IN HIS LIFE AS THE WHITE BABY. I THINK WE CAN DO BETTER. I DON'T WANT THE TALENTS OF ANY AMERICAN TO GO TO WASTE. I KNOW THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO SAY WE WANT TO TURN EVERYTHING OVER TO THE GOVERNMENT. I DON'T AT ALL. I WANT THE INDIVIDUALS TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES, AND I WANT THE STATES TO MEET THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. BUT I THINK THERE IS ALSO A NATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY. THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN USED AGAINST EVERY PIECE OF SOCIAL LEGISLATION IN THE PAST 25 YEARS. THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES INDIVIDUALLY COULD NOT HAVE DEVELOPED THE TENNESSEE VALLEY, COLLECTIVELY THEY COULD HAVE. A COTTON FARMER IN GEORGIA OR A PEANUT FARMER OR A DAIRY FARMER IN WISCONSIN OR MINNESOTA, HE CAN NOT PROTECT HIMSELF AGAINST THE FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN THE MARKET PLACE, BUT WORKING TOGETHER IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS HE CAN DO SO. SEVENTEEN MILLION AMERICANS WHO LIVE OVER 65 ON AN AVERAGE SOCIAL SECURITY CHECK OF ABOUT $78 A MONTH THEY ARE NOT ABLE TO SUSTAIN THEMSELVES INDIVIDUALLY, BUT THEY CAN SUSTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM. I DON'T BELIEVE IN BIG GOVERNMENT, BUT I BELIEVE IN AFFECTIVE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION. AND I THINK THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE UNITED STATES IS GOING TO MAINTAIN IT'S FREEDOM. IT'S THE ONLY WAY WE ARE GOING TO MOVE AHEAD. I THINK WE CAN DO A BETTER JOB. I THINK WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO A BETTER JOB IF WE ARE GOING TO MEET THE RESPONSIBILITIES WHICH TIME AND EVENTS HAVE PLACED UPON US. WE CAN NOT TURN THE JOB OVER TO ANYONE ELSE. IF THE UNITED STATES FAILS THE WHOLE 10:02:04 CU NIXON. KENNEDY CONTINUES SPEAKING - "CAUSE IF FREEDOM FALLS. AND I THINK IT DEPENDS IN GREAT MEASURE TO WHAT WE DO HERE IN THIS COUNTRY." 10:02:12 CU KENNEDY. "THE REASON FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN LATIN AMERICA WAS BECAUSE HE WAS A GOOD NEIGHBOR IN THE UNITED STARES. BECAUSE THE FELT THAT THE AMERICAN SOCIETY WAS MOVING AGAIN. I WANT US TO RECAPTURE THAT IMAGE. I WANT PEOPLE IN LATIN AMERICA, IN AFRICA AND ASIA TO LOOK TO AMERICA TO SEE HOW WE'RE DOING THINGS. TO WONDER WHAT THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS DOING AND NOT TO LOOK AT KRUSCHEV OR LOOK AT THE CHINESE COMMUNISTS. THAT IS THE OBLIGATION OF OUR GENERATION. IN 1933 FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT SAID IN HIS INAUGURAL THAT 'THIS GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS A RONDEAVUE WITH DESTINY'. I THINK OUR GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS THE SAME RONDEAVUE. THE QUESTION NOW IS, CAN FREEDOM BE MAINTAINED UNDER THE MOST SEVERE ATTACK IT HAS EVER KNOWN? I THINK IT CAN BE AND I THINK IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS IT DEPENDS UPON WHAT WE DO HERE. I THINK IT'S TIME AMERICA STARTED MOVING AGAIN." KENNEDY TAKES HIS SEAT. 10:03:17 CU NIXON. "THE THINGS THAT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS SAID MANY OF US CAN AGREE WITH. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT WE CAN NOT DISCUSS OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS IN THE UNITED STATES WITHOUT RECOGNIZING THAT THEY HAVE A TREMENDOUS BARING ON OUR INTERNATIONAL POSITION. THERE IS NO QUESTION BUT THAT THIS NATION CAN NOT STAND STILL BECAUSE WE ARE IN A DEADLY COMPETITION. A COMPETITION NOT ONLY WITH THE MEN IN THE KREMLIN, BUT THE MEN IN PEKING. WE'RE AHEAD IN THIS COMPETITION AS SENATOR KENNEDY, I THINK, HAS IMPLIED. BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A RACE, THE ONLY WAY TO STAY AHEAD IS TO MOVE AHEAD AND SUBSCRIBE COMPLETELY TO THE SPIRIT SENATOR KENNEDY HAS EXPRESSED TONIGHT. THE SPIRIT THAT THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD. WHERE THEN DO WE DISAGREE? I THINK WE DISAGREE ON THE IMPLICATION OF HIS REMARKS TONIGHT AND ON THE STATEMENTS THAT HE HAS MADE, ON MANY OCCASIONS, DURING HIS CAMPAIGN TO THE EFFECT THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN STANDING STILL. WE HEARD TONIGHT, FOR EXAMPLE, THE STATEMENT MADE THAT OUR GROWTH AND NATIONAL PRODUCT LAST YEAR WAS THE LOWEST OF ANY INDUSTRIAL NATION IN THE WORLD. NOW LAST YEAR OF COURSE WAS 1958, THAT HAPPENED TO BE A RECESSION YEAR. BUT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE GROWTH OF GNP THIS YEAR, A YEAR OF RECOVERY, WE FIND THAT IS SIX AND NINE TENTH PERCENT AND ONE OF THE HIGHEST IN THE WORLD TODAY. MORE ABOUT THAT LATER. LOOKING THEN TO THIS PROBLEM OF HOW THE UNITED STATES SHOULD MOVE AHEAD AND WHERE THE UNITED STATES IS MOVING, I THINK IT IS WELL THAT WE TAKE THE ADVICE OF A VERY FAMOUS CAMPAIGNER. LET'S LOOK AT THE RECORD. IS THE UNITED STATES STANDING STILL? IS IT TRUE THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION, AS SENATOR KENNEDY HAS CHARGED, HAS ADMITTED AN ADMINISTRATION OF RETREAT, OF DEFEAT, OF STAGNATION? IS IT TRUE THAT AS FAR AS THIS COUNTRY IS CONCERNED, IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRIC POWER, IN ALL OF THE FIELDS THAT HE HAS MENTIONED, WE HAVE NOT BEEN MOVING AHEAD?" 10:05:33 UNIVERSAL NEWS CLIP REEL. JOHN F, KENNEDY WINS THE ELECTION. SHOTS OF VOTERS WAITING ON LINE TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:13 EISENHOWER CASTING HIS VOTE FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN PENNSYLVANIA. 10:06:24 MRS. EISENHOWER STEPPING OUT OF A CAR AND WALKING INTO A PENNSYLVANIA FIREHOUSE TO CAST HER VOTE. 10:06:40 SENATOR KENNEDY AND JACKIE KENNEDY ARRIVE AT THE WEST END BRANCH OF THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY TO CAST THEIR BALLOTS. 10:06:50 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON WALKING TOWARD A PUBLIC HOME IN A LOS ANGELES SUBURB WHERE THEY WILL VOTE. 10:06:58 RICHARD AND PAT NIXON COMING OUT OF THEIR RESPECTIVE VOTING BOOTHS. 10:07:06 NIXON'S RUNNING MATE AMBASSADOR HENRY CABBOT LODGE PLACES HIS VOTE FOR PRESIDENCY. 10:07:15 LYNDON B. JOHNSON AND LADY BIRD JOHNSON. LBJ PLACES HIS VOTE IN THE BALLOT BOX. 10:07:27 VS OF PEOPLE WAITING ON LINE TO VOTE. 10:07:53 EXT TIMES SQUARE ZIPPER WITH RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:06 JFK, JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STANDING OUTSIDE OF THEIR HYANNISPORT, MASS. HOME WAITING FOR THE RESULTS OF THE ELECTION. 10:08:09 NIXON AND WIFE PAT AT GOP HEADQUARTERS IN CALIFORNIA. NIXON ANNOUNCES DEFEAT. "AS I LOOK AT THE BOARD HERE WHILE THERE ARE STILL SOME RESULTS TO COME IN, IF THE PRESENT TREND CONTINUES SENATOR KENNEDY WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. I WANT SENATOR KENNEDY TO KNOW AND I WANT ALL OF YOU TO KNOW THAT CERTAINLY IF THIS TREND DOES CONTINUE, AND HE DOES BECOME OUR NEXT PRESIDENT THAT HE WILL HAVE MY WHOLE HEARTED SUPPORT AND YOURS TOO." 10:09:24 NEWSSTAND. CU OF MAN HOLDING NEWSPAPER WHICH ANNOUNCES KENNEDY AS THE VICTOR. 10:09:44 KENNEDY SHAKING HANDS AT HIS FIRST PUBLIC APPEARANCE AFTER HIS VICTORY HAS BEEN ANNOUNCED. 10:09:58 MS OF JOSEPH AND ROSE KENNEDY STANDING NEXT TO JACKIE AND JOHN F. KENNEDY AS HE MAKES HIS FIRST ADDRESS AS PRESIDENT. "IN REPLY TO THE VICE PRESIDENT, I SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING WIRE. VICE PRESIDENT NIXON, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA. YOUR SINCERE GOOD WISHES ARE GRATEFULLY ACCEPTED. YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED ON A FINE RACE. I KNOW THAT THE NATION CAN CONTINUE TO COUNT ON YOUR UNSWERVING LOYALTY IN WHAT EVER EFFORT YOU UNDERTAKE. AND THAT YOU AND I CAN MAINTAIN OUR LONG STANDING CORDIAL RELATIONS IN THE YEARS AHEAD. SINCERELY, JOHN F. KENNEDY. TO ALL AMERICAN I SAY THAT THE NEXT FOUR YEARS ARE GOING TO BE DIFFICULT AND CHALLENGING YEARS FOR US ALL. THE ELECTION MAY HAVE BEEN A CLOSE ONE, BUT I THINK THAT THERE IS GENERAL AGREEMENT BY ALL OF OUR CITIZENS THAT A SUPREME NATIONAL EFFORT WILL BE NEEDED IN THE YEARS AHEAD TO MOVE THIS COUNTRY SAFELY THROUGH THE 1960S. I ASK YOUR HELP IN THIS EFFORT, AND I CAN ASSURE YOU THAT EVERY DEGREE OF MIND AND SPIRIT THAT I POSSESS WILL BE DEVOTED TO THE LONG RANGE INTEREST OF THE UNITED STATES AND TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM AROUND THE WORLD. SO NOW, MY WIFE AND I PREPARE FOR A NEW ADMINISTRATION AND FOR A NEW BABY. THANK YOU." 10:11:50 INAUGURATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. CHIEF JUSTICE EARL WARREN ADMINISTERS THE OATH OF OFFICE. 10:12:57 CU JFK AS HE GIVES HIS INAUGURAL SPEECH. "SINCE THIS COUNTRY WAS FOUNDED, EACH GENERATION OF AMERICANS HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO GIVE TESTIMONY TO ITS NATIONAL LOYALTY. THE GRAVES OF YOUNG AMERICANS WHO ANSWERED THE CALL TO SERVICE SURROUND THE GLOBE. NOW THE TRUMPET SUMMONS US AGAIN. NOT AS A CALL TO BARE ARMS, THOUGH ARMS WE NEED. NOT AS A CALL TO BATTLE, THOUGH IN BATTLE WE ARE. BUT THE CALL TO BARE THE BURDEN OF A LONG TWILIGHT STRUGGLE YEAR IN AND YEAR OUT. REJOICING IN HOPE. PATIENT IN TRIBULATION. A STRUGGLE AGAINST THE COMMON ENEMIES OF MAN: TYRANNY, POVERTY, DISEASE, AND WAR ITSELF. CAN WE FORGE AGAINST THESE ENEMIES A GRAND AND GLOBAL ALLIANCE, NORTH AND SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, THAT CAN ASSURE A MORE FRUITFUL LIFE FOR ALL MAN KIND? WILL YOU JOIN IN THAT HISTORIC EFFORT. IN THE LONG HISTORY OF THE WORLD ONLY A FEW GENERATIONS HAVE BEEN GRANTED THE ROLE OF DEFENDING FREEDOM IN ITS HOUR OF MAXIMUM DANGER. I DO NOT SHRINK FROM THIS RESPONSIBILITY, I WELCOME IT. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT ANY OF US WOULD EXCHANGE PLACES WITH ANY OTHER PEOPLE OR ANY OTHER GENERATION. THE ENERGY, THE FAITH, THE DEVOTION WHICH WE BRING TO THIS ENDEAVOR WILL LIGHT OUR COUNTRY AND ALL WHO SERVE IT, AND THE GLOW FROM THAT FIRE CAN TRULY LIGHT THE WORLD. AND SO MY FELLOW AMERICANS, ASK NOT WHAT YOUR COUNTRY CAN DO FOR YOU, ASK WHAT YOU CAN DO FOR YOUR COUNTY. MY FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK NOT WHAT AMERICA WILL DO FOR YOU, BUT WHAT TOGETHER WE CAN DO FOR THE FREEDOM OF MAN. FINALLY, WHETHER YOU ARE CITIZENS OF AMERICA OR CITIZENS OF THE WORLD, ASK OF US HERE THE SAME HIGH STANDARDS OF STRENGTH AND SACRIFICE WHICH WE ASK OF YOU. WITH A GOOD CONSCIENCE OUR ONLY SURE REWARD, WITH HISTORY THE FINAL JUDGE OF OUR DEEDS, LET US GO FORTH TO LEAD THE LAND WE LOVE. ASKING HIS BLESSING AND HIS HELP, BUT KNOWING THAT HERE ON EARTH GOD'S WORK MUST TRULY BE OUR OWN." 10:16:38 NO SOT. JFK ASSASSINATION. PARKLAND FOOTAGE CAN NOT BE REUSED. SWEARING IN OF LBJ. 10:34:41 LBJ ADDRESSES THE NATION ON THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK. "THIS IS A SAD TIME FOR ALL PEOPLE. WE HAVE SUFFERED A LOSS THAT CAN NOT BE WEIGHED. FOR ME IT IS A DEEP, PERSONAL TRAGEDY. I KNOW THAT THE WORLD SHARES THE SORROW THAT MRS. KENNEDY AND HER FAMILY BARE. I WILL DO MY BEST THAT IS ALL I CAN DO. I ASK FOR YOUR HELP AND GOD'S. 10:35:27 JFK FUNERAL. SOLDIERS BRINGING IN COFFIN. 10:36:13 MS OF JACKIE KENNEDY WITH CAROLINE AND JOHN JR. 10:37:27 LBJ PLACES WREATH AT THE FOOT OF THE COFFIN. 10:38:20 JACKIE AND DAUGHTER CAROLINE STEP UP TO THE COFFIN. 10:40:37 FUNERAL PROCESSION. 10:41:29 JACKIE WALKING WITH TED AND ROBERT KENNEDY AT HER SIDE. 10:42:15 INSIDE ST. MATTHEWS CATHEDRAL, CARDINAL CUSHING PRESIDING. JACKIE, TED AND ROBERT TAKE COMMUNION. 10:43:59 ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY. 10:45:38 MS OF JACKIE AND ROBERT KENNEDY. 10:49:14 UNIVERSAL NEWS REEL. LEE HARVEY OSWALD SHOT DURING A PRISON TRANSFER IN DALLAS. 10:50:05 STILL OF JACK RUBY SHOOTING OSWALD. 10:50:15 OSWALD RUSHED IN AMBULANCE TO THE SAME HOSPITAL WHERE KENNEDY WAS ANNOUNCED DEAD. SHOT OF OSWALD ON A STRETCHER. 10:50:32 LBJ'S 'WAR ON POVERTY' SPEECH TO CONGRESS. "MANY AMERICANS LIVE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF HOPE. SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR POVERTY AND SOME BECAUSE OF THEIR COLOR, AND ALL TOO MANY BECAUSE OF BOTH. OUR TASK IS TO HELP REPLACE THEIR DESPAIR WITH OPPORTUNITY AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY, HERE AND NOW DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR ON POVERTY IN AMERICA. AND I URGE THIS CONGRESS AND ALL AMERICANS TO JOIN WITH ME IN THAT EFFORT." 10:51:33 LBJ ELECTED INTO OFFICE. LBJ AND GOLDWATER RESULTS ON SCREEN. LBJ ACCEPTANCE SPEECH, "MY FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, NO WORDS ARE ADEQUATE TO REALLY EXPRESS THE FEELING OF THIS OCCASION. MOST OF ALL I WISH TO BE EQUAL TO YOUR CONFIDENCE, AND TO THE HOPES OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA. WE HAVE VOTED AS MANY, BUT TONIGHT WE MUST FACE THE WORLD AS ONE. TO OUR GREAT GOVERNOR MY FRIEND OF A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. TO MY LOYAL WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS WHO HAVE STOOD BY ME SO STEAD FASTLY THROUGH ALL THESE TRIALS OF MANY WEEKS. TO EVERY WORKER AND EVERY BLOCK OF THE LAND. TO THE PEOPLE OF BOTH PARTIES AND TO ESPECIALLY YOU GOOD PEOPLE HERE IN MY HOME WHO HAVE BEEN SO PATIENT AND UNDERSTANDING ALL THE YEARS AND WHO MADE IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE THE DECISION THAT WAS MADE TODAY, I SAY THANK YOU. I KNOW THAT I WAS ONLY ONE OF MANY BECAUSE WE HAD A GROUP OF OUTSTANDING CANDIDATES THROUGHOUT THE NATION, AND WE HAD MEN OF INDEPENDENT VIEWS AND MEN AND WOMEN OF BOTH PARTIES WHO PUT THEIR COUNTRY BEFORE THEIR PARTY. NOW TONIGHT OUR PURPOSE MUST BE TO BIND UP OUR WOUNDS, TO HEAL OUR HISTORY AND TO MAKE THIS NATION WHOLE. I KNOW THAT THIS IS MORE THAN A VICTORY OF PARTY OR PERSON. IT IS A TRIBUTE TO THE PROGRAM THAT WAS BEGUN BY OUR BELOVED PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY." 10:55:49 LBJ ON CAMPAIGN TRAIL. LBJ SHAKES HANDS WITH THE PEOPLE. 10:56:21 LUCY AND LINDA JOHNSON AT A BARBECUE. MRS. JOHNSON TAKES A WHISTLE STOP TOUR OF THE SOUTH ON HER CAMPAIGN TRAIL. 10:58:22 LBJ OUTLINES 'GREAT SOCIETY'. "WORLD AFFAIRS WILL CONTINUE TO CALL UPON OUR ENERGY AND OUR COURAGE, BUT TODAY WE CAN TURN INCREASED ATTENTION TO THE CHARACTER OF AMERICAN LIFE. WE'RE IN THE MIDST OF THE GREATEST UPWARD SURGE OF ECONOMIC WELL BEING IN THE HISTORY OF ANY NATION. OUR FLOURISHING PROGRESS HAS BEEN MARKED BY PRICE STABILITY THAT'S UNEQUALED IN THE WORLD. OUR BALANCE OF PAYMENTS DEFICIT HAS DECLINED AND THE SOUNDNESS OF OUR DOLLAR IS UNQUESTIONABLE. I PLEDGE TO KEEP IT THAT WAY. AND I URGE BUSINESS AND LABOR TO COOPERATE TO THAT END. WE WORKED FOR TWO CENTURIES TO CLIMB THIS PEAK OF PROSPERITY, BUT WE ARE ONLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ROAD TO THE GREAT SOCIETY. AHEAD NOW WE HAVE A SUMMIT WHERE FREEDOM FROM THE WANTS OF THE BODY CAN HELP FULFILL THE NEEDS OF THE SPIRIT. WE BUILT THIS NATION TO SERVE ITS PEOPLE. WE WANT TO GROW AND BUILD AND CREATE, BUT WE WANT PROGRESS TO BE THE SERVANT AND NOT THE MASTER OF MAN. WE DO NOT INTEND TO LIVE IN THE MIDST OF ABUNDANCE, ISOLATED FROM NEIGHBORS AND NATURE. CONFINED BY BLIGHTED CITIES AND BLEAK SUBURBS. STUNTED BY A POVERTY OF LEARNING AND AN EMPTINESS OF LEISURE. THE GREAT SOCIETY ASKS NOT HOW MUCH BUT HOW GOOD. NOT ONLY HOW TO CREATE WEALTH, BUT HOW TO USE IT. NOT ONLY HOW FAST WE'RE GOING, BUT WHERE WE'RE HEADED. IT PROPOSES AS A FIRST TEST FOR A NATION THE QUALITY OF ITS PEOPLE. THIS KIND OF SOCIETY WILL NOT FLOWER SPONTANEOUSLY FROM SWELLING RICHES AND SURGING POWER. IT WILL NOT BE THE GIFT OF GOVERNMENT OR THE CREATION PRESIDENTS. IT WILL REQUIRE OF EVERY AMERICAN FOR MANY GENERATIONS BOTH FAITH IN THE DESTINATION AND THE FORTITUDE TO MAKE THE JOURNEY. AND LIKE FREEDOM ITSELF IT WILL ALWAYS BE CHALLENGED AND NOT FULFILLED. AND TONIGHT WE ACCEPT THAT CHALLENGE. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A PROGRAM IN EDUCATION TO ENSURE THAT EVERY AMERICAN CHILD THE FULLEST DEVELOPMENT OF HIS MIND AND SKILLS. I PROPOSE THAT WE BEGIN A MASSIVE ATTACK ON CRIPPLING AND KILLING DISEASES. I PROPOSE THAT WE LAUNCH A NATIONAL EFFORT TO MAKE THE AMERICAN CITY A BETTER AND A MORE STIMULATING PLACE TO LIVE. I PROPOSE THAT WE INCREASE THE BEAUTY OF AMERICA AND END THE POISONING OF OUR RIVERS AND THE AIR THAT WE BREATH. I PROPOSE THAT WE CARRY OUT A NEW PROGRAM TO DEVELOP REGIONS OF OUR COUNTRY THAT ARE NOW SUFFERING FROM DISTRESS AND DEPRESSION. I PROPOSE THAT WE MAKE A NEW EFFORT TO CONTROL CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. I PROPOSE THAT WE ELIMINATE EVERY REMAINING OBSTACLE TO THE RIGHT AND THE OPPORTUNITY TO VOTE." 11:03:26 CU LBJ SIGNS INTO LAW MEDICARE. "THOU SHALL OPEN THINE HAND WIDE UNTO THY BROTHER...IN THIS TOWN AND A THOUSAND OTHER TOWNS LIKE IT, THERE ARE MEN AND WOMEN IN PAIN WHO WILL NOW FIND EASE. THERE ARE THOSE ALONE IN SUFFERING WHO WILL NOW HEAR THE SOUND OF SOME APPROACHING FOOTSTEPS COMING TO HELP. THERE ARE THOSE FEARING THE TERRIBLE DARKNESS OF DESPAIRING POVERTY, DESPITE THEIR LONG YEARS OF LABOR AND EXPECTATION WHO WILL NOW LOOK UP TO SEE THE LIGHT OF HOPE AND REALIZATION. THERE JUST CAN BE NO SATISFACTION NOR ACT OF LEADERSHIP THAT CAN GIVE GREATER SATISFACTION THAN THIS, AND PERHAPS YOU ALONE, PRESIDENT TRUMAN, PERHAPS YOU ALONE CAN FULLY KNOW JUST HOW GRATEFUL I AM FOR THIS DAY." 11:05:16 MS LBJ SHAKING PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S HAND AND TAKING THEIR SEATS AT A TABLE. 11:05:40 CU LBJ SITTING NEXT TO TRUMAN AND SIGNING MEDICARE INTO LAW. 11:06:31 CU LBJ TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE WILL NOT SEEK RE- ELECTION. 11:11:11 MS ROBERT AND ETHEL KENNEDY AT A PRESIDENTIAL RALLY IN CALIFORNIA. SUPPORTERS SHOUT "WE WANT KENNEDY". 11:12:21 MS KENNEDY ATTEMPTING TO WALK THROUGH SEA OF PEOPLE AS GUN SHOT IS HEARD. 11:12:48 CU KENNEDY LAYING ON THE FLOOR, A SMALL POOL OF BLOOD BENEATH HIS HEAD. 11:13:15 MS MEN AND WOMAN AT THE PODIUM FRANTICALLY SEARCHING FOR A DOCTOR. 11:14:12 INT CHURCH. MS TED KENNEDY GIVING EULOGY. "THOSE OF US WHO LOVED HIM AND WHO TAKE HIM TO HIS REST TODAY, PRAY THAT WHAT HE WAS TO US AND WHAT HE WISHED FOR OTHERS WILL SOME DAY COME TO PASS FOR ALL THE WORLD." 11:15:07 MS RICHARD AND PAT NIXON W/ THEIR DAUGHTERS ON STAGE AS IS ELECTED PRESIDENT. NIXON GIVES HIS ACCEPTANCE SPEECH TO THE PRESS. 11:24:19 EXT MS COURT HOUSE. CHAPPAQUIDICK, MASSACHUSETTS. TED KENNEDY EXITING CAR. COURT ROOM DRAWINGS ARE NOT ABC MATERIAL AND CAN NOT BE REUSED. 11:26:23 CU TED KENNEDY TELEVISED ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS CONCERNING HIS GUILTY PLEA AND WHAT HAPPENED THAT NIGHT AT CHAPPAQUIDICK. 11:30:17 CU NIXON'S 'SILENT MAJORITY'. "I ASK FOR YOUR SUPPORT. I PLEDGED IN CAMPAIGN FOR THE PRESIDENCY TO END THE WAR IN A WAY THAT WE COULD WIN THE PEACE. I HAVE INITIATED A PLAN OF ACTION WHICH WILL ENABLE ME TO KEEP THAT PLEDGE. THE MORE SUPPORT I CAN HAVE FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, THE SOONER THAT PLEDGE CAN BE REDEEMED. FOR THE MORE DIVIDED WE ARE HERE AT HOME, THE LESS LIKELY THE ENEMY IS TO NEGOTIATE..." 11:30:54 BLANK TO END.