The Shock Team of January 19, 2024: the 100th.
L'Equipe
World Kristallnacht - Germany, Israel and Pope mark 70th anniversary of Kristallnacht
NAME: WORLD KRISTAL 20081109Ixx TAPE: EF08/1131 IN_TIME: 10:40:51:09 DURATION: 00:03:48:15 SOURCES: ARD Pool/AP Television/Vatican TV DATELINE: Various - 9 Nov 2008/ File RESTRICTIONS: SHOTLIST ARD POOL Berlin, Germany 1. Interior of audience in Rykestrasse synagogue 2. German Chancellor Angela Merkel in audience 3. Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier and senior Jewish leaders, including Charlotte Knobloch, Director of the Central Council of German Jews, on far right of pew 4. Wide shot interior of service 5. SOUNDBITE (German) Angela Merkel, German Chancellor: ++Audio partly overlaid with cutaways of audience listening++ "Xenophobia, racism and anti-Semitism mustn't be given a chance in Europe and outside Europe's borders, (CUTS AWAY TO AUDIENCE, INCLUDING KNOBLOCH) not only in the Arab sphere, but also in other parts of the world. Therefore, ladies and gentlemen, let's compose and summarise the lessons we learned from history and say: We must not remain silent. (VISION SWITCHES BACK TO MERKEL) We must not remain indifferent to what happens. We must not be silent when rabbis are offended in public. We must not be silent when Jewish cemeteries are vandalised. We must not be silent when anti-Semitic crimes are committed." ARD POOL Berlin, Germany 6. Close of menorah (a nine-branched candelabrum, ancient symbol of Judaism) 7. Interior of Rykestasse synagogue during service AP TELEVISION Vatican City 8. Wide of Saint Peter's Basilica, crowd in the square outside 9. Pope Benedict XVI appearing at the window Vatican TV Vatican City 10. Waiting crowd cheering and clapping 11. SOUNDBITE (Italian) Pope Benedict XVI: "I still feel pain today for what happened in that tragic night, the memory of which should serve to remind us to avoid repeating ever again such errors and to make efforts at all levels against every kind of anti-Semitism and discrimination, educating, mainly new generations, to have respect and a reciprocal welcome." AP TELEVISION Vatican City 12. St. Peter's Square seen through columns 13. SOUNDBITE (German) Mr. Ledermann, Vox Pop, no first name given: "It has been a nice gesture to say that and I think we must not ever forget." AP TELEVISION Jerusalem 14. Wide of Yad Vashem Remembrance Hall exterior 15. Mordechai Segal, Kristallnacht survivor, kneeling by eternal flame 16. Crowd at remembrance ceremony 17. Segal moving away from flame 18. Wide of remembrance hall interior 19. Various close-ups of a black and white photo of Segal's family's store 20. SOUNDBITE: (Hebrew) Mordechai Segal, Kristallnacht Survivor: "It was on the10th of the month that a neighbour called the local Nazi party office and said 'Segal's glass wasn't broken.' They sent a special group to the store and to break whatever they could and to stole whatever they could." 21. Black and white photo of Segal as a boy with his mother 22. Close-up of black and white photo of Segal as a boy 23. SOUNDBITE: (Hebrew) Mordechai Segal, Kristallnacht Survivor: "We need a state that will absorb Jews when a day like this comes again. And there will be days like this again whether it's in Europe or America." 24. Pan of ceremony, attendees singing Israeli national anthem STORYLINE Germans and Israelis on Sunday marked the 70th anniversary of Kristallnacht, the Nazi-incited riots that began their campaign to destroy European Jewry, with ceremonies, concerts and vows to honour the victims with renewed vigilance. Chancellor Angela Merkel recalled the November 9, 1938 riots in which more than 91 German Jews were killed and more than 1,000 synagogues damaged, telling Germans that the lessons of the nation's past were crucial in confronting a current increase of xenophobia and racism. The Kristallnacht riots are seen by many as the first step leading to the Nazis' murder of six (m) million Jews in the Holocaust. "We must not be silent," Merkel told the nation at a ceremony in Germany's newly renovated largest synagogue. "Xenophobia, racism and anti-Semitism mustn't be given a chance in Europe and outside Europe's borders." Some 30-thousand Jewish men and boys were arrested and sent to concentration camps during the mass riots that left the streets littered with shards of glass - giving it the pogrom its name. Charlotte Knobloch, head of Germany's Central Council of Jews, who survived Kristallnacht as a girl in Munich, Germany, told the gathering in Berlin's Rykestrasse Synagogue that Germans must fight against far-right extremism in all its forms. The synagogue, a red brick temple built in 1904, also survived Kristallnacht because of its location nestled in an inner courtyard of a densely populated neighbourhood. It reopened last year after two years of painstaking renovation. A memorial concert in Berlin later on Sunday and events in other communities across the country were also being held to mark the anniversary. Germany's southern neighbour Austria - where Kristallnacht claimed 30 Jewish lives - also commemorated the day, while German-born Pope Benedict XVI said he still feels the pain of Kristallnacht as he addressed the crowd gathered at Saint Peter's square in Vatican City. The Catholic leader invited prayers for Kristallnacht victims and asked others to join him in a show of deep solidarity with Jews around the world. When a young man in Germany, Benedict, then called Joseph Ratzinger, served briefly in the Hitler Youth corps. At Yad Vashem, Israel's official Holocaust memorial, survivors, their descendants, academics and the German and Austrian ambassadors to Israel took part in a ceremony that also included a rare musical rendition of a work of the German-Jewish composer Robert Kahn, whose music was outlawed by the Nazis. Yad Vashem also presented a new online exhibit, "It Came From Within ... 70 Years Since Kristallnacht," marking the event with images, historical information, and pages of testimony about some of the Jews who died during Kristallnacht. Kristallnacht survivor Mordechai Segal, who participated in the remembrance service, described his experience of the night. At Israel's weekly Cabinet meeting, Prime Minister Ehud Olmert said Kristallnacht was "the turning point toward the inevitable destruction of a greater portion of the Jewish people in Europe between 1939-1945," adding that Israel "will never forgive or forget" the crimes of the Nazi regime.
News Clip: Kristallnacht
Video footage from the KXAS-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, to accompany a news story. This story aired at 10pm.
1940s
b&w - WWII newsreel - propaganda film - Germany churches and synogogue - interior and exterior - baroque cathedral - synagogue window being broken - good shot for Kristallnacht - swastika replaces cross - Nazi symbol
DN-LB-090 Beta SP
[Paul Tillich & Harry Ward, Madison Square Garden Rally Against Germany]
Kristallnacht, 9th November 1938 - smashing windows, Dresden's Semper Synagogue is destroyed.
Kristallnacht, 9th November 1938 - smashing windows, burning synagogues, Dresden's Semper Synagogue is destroyed. People clean up mess the next day and the Semper Synagogue is finally demolished.
Bridgeman Images Details
CONTEMPORARY STOCK FOOTAGE
KRISTALLNACHT REMEMBERED: In 2005 people place wreaths by marker in holocaust remembrance
1938 FOOTAGE OF KRISTALLNACHT MARKS ANNIVERSARY - 1993
Chilling German footage of November 9, 1938 is played to mark the 55th anniversary of Kristallnacht-the day the Holocaust began. Nazi thugs smash and burn thousands of Jewish shops, businesses and synagogues touching off one of the most horrific events in history.
Dr Harry F. Ward, chairman of the American League Against War and Fascism, calls for a boycott on German international commerce
A mass gathering of concerned Americans in Madison Square Garden, New York City, following news of the Kristallnacht attacks on Jews in Germany a few weeks prior. Dr. Harry F. Ward of Union Theological Seminary, and chairman of the American League Against War and Fascism, addresses a huge crowd. He speaks about the emigration of the German Jewish citizens. He states that efforts should be made for the resettlement of the German Jews and the cost should be born by the Nazi German Government. The Government should make some arrangements in this regard. He proposes a boycott of all German International commerce. The crowd applauds. Location: New York City USA. Date: November 21, 1938.
Austria Kristallnacht Anniversary
Austria Kristallnacht Anniversary
(OPENING OF ANTI-SEMITIC CAMPAIGN IN GERMANY)
Unused / unissued material - no paperwork - dates unclear or unknown<br/><br/>Germany.<br/><br/>German Nazi stormtroopers ride on the back of a lorry flying their swastika flags and chanting about Jews. Exterior views of Jewish owned shops with their windows being painted with slogans and the Star of David. CU of sign which reads: "Achtung Juden". Storm troopers argue with people outside a shop. MS of shop window painted with Star and the word 'Jude' in large letters. More shots of Nazis standing outside shops and chanting from their lorries. (Presumably these are events surrounding Kristallnacht - Crystal night in 1938)<br/><br/>Large military parade in Berlin. Cutaways to show crowds giving Nazi salutes. Paratroops in their drop gear are amongst those marching. Quick shot of Adolf Hitler (the Fuhrer) and Hermann Goering saluting. High angle shot of parade of military armoured vehicles. More shots of parade and Hitler saluting. <br/><br/>Shots of Berlin at the end of the War. Massive devastation from bombing and shelling. Shots of bombed Reichstag.<br/><br/>Shots of people and corpses in concentration / forced labour camp (not clear which one). MS of skeletal looking man - very under nourished. Large number of emaciated looking dead bodies on ground. Large numbers of corpses in the end of a deep trench.<br/><br/>(Quick shot of unidentified man speaking to camera). Shots of people walking around in post war reconstructed Germany. CU spray painted swastika on wall. More shots of Berlin. Another painted swastika. Exterior of Adler House in London- Court of the Chief Rabbi. CU Swastika painted on door.<br/><br/>Police on patrol outside Synagogue. Courtroom shots of trial of unidentified man. (1950s?)<br/><br/>Travelling shots under row of swastika flags. <br/><br/>Huge crowd gathers to cheer the Fuhrer. Shot of Adolf Hitler waving from balcony. Crowds give Nazi salute and chant 'Heil'. Night shots of torchlight parade. Rudolf Hess and Hitler salute with others from balcony. Various shots of parade - lots of swastikas. <br/><br/>Scenes of the burning of the books on Unter Den Linden in Berlin. Copies of unfavourable books are thrown onto a large bonfire. Dr Joseph Goebbels addresses the crowds. More of the books are thrown onto the fire to burn. (This section may actually be UN 135 F).<br/><br/>N.B. This material is somewhat confused and may not originally have been received by Pathe in this form.
1939
production outtake - Nazi Germany - war torn Jewish street - tilt up from c/u broken glass on street to men pick through rubble - car by - anti-semitic slogans and Stars of David painted on building - pre World War II - Kristallnacht
WORLD WAR II
SEQUENCE COULD READ AS KRISTALLNACHT, THE NIGHT OF BROKEN GLASS, OR THE NOVEMBER POGROM
Kristallnacht in Germany, 1938
Jewish businesses, shops and synagogues are smashed and destroyed during Kristallnacht on the 9th and 10th of November, 1938. Clean up operations begin soon after, and the Dresden Synagogue is demolished.
Bridgeman Images Details
Following Kristallnacht, former President Hoover and others make nationwide plea for Jews facing Nazi brutality in Europe.
President Franklin D Roosevelt leads the nation's protest against prosecution of Jews in Germany. Roosevelt during a recording of the plea. In Germany, Jewish owned shops with broken windows following Kristallnacht (night of broken glass) depict Nazi brutality in Germany. Palo Alto, California: Former President Herbert Hoover expresses indignation at the brutal intolerance of the Nazis and predicts their 'moral isolation'. He also expresses American support for Jews and Christians in Germany and compares their brutality to the destruction of religious worship by the Bolsheviks in Russia. New York: Reverend RI Gannon of Fordham University and Methodist Bishop Edwin H Hughes raise their voices against the outbreaks of violence and hate against Jews in Europe. They compare the Nazis to the original Huns and make a plea for the Jews. Location: United States USA. Date: November 16, 1938.
Germany Kristallnacht
Witness recalls the horrors of Kristallnacht 80 years ago
News Clip: Kristalnachte
Video footage from the WBAP-TV station in Fort Worth, Texas, to accompany a news story about the 50th anniversary of ??Kristallnacht,?g a German Nazi attack on Jewish people.
MDS-25 16mm
THEY LIVE AGAIN
2022 Sports Retrospective
Centre Est
PERSON OF THE WEEK : WALTER STRAS
COVERAGE IN KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI FOR A CATHERINE CRIER PERSON OF THE WEEK CS VO ABOUT HOLOCAUST SURVIVOR, WALTER STRAS. 02:00:30 NATURAL SOUND INT FTG. CONVERSATION BETWEEN WALTER STRAS AND NEO NAZI TEENAGER ABOUT THE EMOTIONAL FLASHBACK HE SUFFERED TO KRISTALLNACHT IN 1938 WHEN HE HEARD THAT THIS 19 YEAR OLD LOCAL BOY RECENTLY DEFACED A SYNAGOGUE. 02:25:57 TWO SHOT OVER TEENAGER'S LEATHER JACKET COVERED SHOULDER WALTER TALKING.
PERSON OF THE WEEK : WALTER STRAS
COVERAGE IN KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI FOR A CATHERINE CRIER PERSON OF THE WEEK CS VO ABOUT HOLOCAUST SURVIVOR, WALTER STRAS. 02:00:30 NATURAL SOUND INT FTG. CONVERSATION BETWEEN WALTER STRAS AND NEO NAZI TEENAGER ABOUT THE EMOTIONAL FLASHBACK HE SUFFERED TO KRISTALLNACHT IN 1938 WHEN HE HEARD THAT THIS 19 YEAR OLD LOCAL BOY RECENTLY DEFACED A SYNAGOGUE. 02:25:57 TWO SHOT OVER TEENAGER'S LEATHER JACKET COVERED SHOULDER WALTER TALKING.
1938 Pre-WWII
b&w newsreel - Europe - soldiers goosestep - tanks & airplanes in formation - Nazi German meeting - Fascists - Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain - horse-drawn artillery - anti-aircraft gun in front of Big Ben, London - dig bomb shelter - mother in gas mask carries baby - Chamberlain leaves for Europe - broken storefront window - possibly Jewish - Kristallnacht - displaced or refugee families cook over fires in fields - children warm hands - Roosevelt at meeting - before WWII - World War II
German Chancellor Adolf Hitler speaks to the Reichstag in Germany and predicts the annihilation of the Jewish race.
Two months after the Kristallnacht events, speaking to the Reichtag in a meeting at the Kroll Opera House, Hitler predicts the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe if a war occurs. The insignia of the Nazi Party in the background. People cheer and applaud Hitler's anti-Jewish speech. Location: Berlin Germany. Date: January 30, 1939.
Germany Memorial
Jewish students in Berlin mark 80th anniversary of Kristallnacht